- Bill O'Reilly (commentator)
name = Bill O'Reilly
image_size = 225px
caption = Bill O'Reilly
birth_date = birth date and age|1949|09|10
New York City, NY, U.S.
columnist, Author, television and talk radiopersonality.
salary = $9,000,000 (2006) [cite web|accessdate=2008-05-12|url=http://www.forbes.com/lists/2006/53/X3QK.html|title=Bill O'Reilly|publisher=
spouse = Maureen E. McPhilmy (2 children)
residence = Manhasset, New York
website = [http://www.billoreilly.com billoreilly.com]
William James O'Reilly, Jr. (born September 10, 1949) is an American television/radio host,
author, syndicated columnist, and self-proclaimed "traditionalist" political commentator. [ [http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,215827,00.html FOXNews.com - Bill O'Reilly's 'Culture Warrior' - Bill O’Reilly | The O’Reilly Factor ] ] He is the host of the cable news program " The O'Reilly Factor". Prior to hosting "The O'Reilly Factor", he served as anchor of the entertainment program, " Inside Edition".
O'Reilly also hosts "
The Radio Factor", a talk radioprogram syndicated by Westwood One, and is the author of seven books.
O'Reilly was born in
New York Cityto parents William and Angela O'Reilly, from Brooklyn, New Yorkand Bergen County, New Jersey. [cite news|author=Pragoff, Cat|title=Fox News' Bill O'Reilly was in classroom before newsroom|publisher= New Hampshire Union Leader|date= 2005-02-09|page=D10] His father was an accountant for the oil company Caltex. In 1951, his family moved to Levittown on Long Island. [cite web|url=http://www.frankenlies.com/lies/levittown.htm|title=O’Reilly and the Levittown Issue: Answered|publisher=Franken Lies|accessdate=2008-05-12] After graduating from Chaminade High School, a private Catholic boys high school in Mineola, in 1967, O'Reilly attended Marist College. While at Marist, O'Reilly played punter in the National Club Football Association, [cite web |author= Duffy, Don| title="Campus Stuff" ("The Circle")|url=http://library.marist.edu/archives/Circle/1970/1970-11-19.pdf |publisher= Marist College|date=1970-11-19| accessdate=2008-05-12 |format=PDF] and was also a writer for the school's newspaper, "The Circle". An honors student, he majored in history. He spent his junior year of college abroad, attending Queen Mary College at the University of London. [cite web | author=Marist | title=2001 Commencement Program| publisher= Marist College|date=2001-05-19| url=http://www.marist.edu/alumni/oreillyb.html | accessdate=2008-05-12 ] O'Reilly received his B.A. in Historyin 1971. He played semi-professional baseballduring this time, as a pitcher for the Brooklyn Monarchs. After graduating from Marist College, O'Reilly moved to Miami, Floridaat age 21, where he taught English and history at Monsignor Pace High School for two years. O'Reilly later returned to school and earned a M.A. in Broadcast Journalism from Boston University(where he attended school with Howard Stern) in 1976. While attending Boston University, he was a reporter and columnist for various local newspapers and alternative news weeklies, including "The Boston Phoenix". O'Reilly did his broadcast journalism internshipin Miami during this time and was also an entertainment writer and movie critic for " The Miami Herald". O'Reilly also earned a Master of Public Administrationfrom Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government. At Harvard, he was also a student of Marvin Kalb. [http://www.mediabistro.com/fishbowlDC/television/oreilly_im_mad_as_hell_and_im_not_acting_95868.asp]
In 1980, he anchored his own program on
WCBS-TVin New York where he won his second Local Emmy for an investigation of corrupt city marshals. In 1982, he was promoted to the network as a CBS Newscorrespondent and covered the wars in El Salvadorand the Falkland Islandsfrom his base in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He later left CBS over a dispute concerning the uncredited use in a report by Bob Schiefferof riot footage shot by O'Reilly's crew in Buenos Aires during the Falklands conflict. (A 1998 novel by O'Reilly, "", depicts a television reporter who has a similar dispute over a Falklands War report. The character proceeds to exact his revenge on network staff in a series of graphically-described murders.) [ [http://www.newyorker.com/fact/content/articles/060327fa_fact "Fear Factor - Bill O’Reilly’s baroque period"] , Nicholas Lemann, "The New Yorker", March 20, 2006]
In 1986, O'Reilly joined
ABC Newsas a correspondent for " ABC World News Tonight".
In 1989, O'Reilly joined the nationally syndicated
King World(now CBS) program " Inside Edition", a tabloid/gossip television program in competition with "A Current Affair". [cite web|url=http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,1256,00.html |title=Bill O'Reilly Bio|publisher= FOX|accessdate=2007-09-26] He started as senior correspondent and backup anchor for British TV host David Frost, and subsequently became the program's anchor after Frost's termination. In addition to being one of the first American broadcasters to cover the dismantling of the Berlin Wall, O'Reilly also obtained the first exclusive interview with murderer Joel Steinbergand was the first television host from a national current affairs program on the scene of the 1992 Los Angeles riots.
In 1995, O'Reilly was replaced by former
NBC Newsand CBS Newsanchor Deborah Norvilleon "Inside Edition." He then enrolled at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, where he received a Master's degree in Public Administration. After Harvard, he was hired by Roger Ailes, chairman and CEOof the then startup FOX News Channel, to anchor "The O'Reilly Report." The show soon moved to a new time slot, and was renamed, "The O'Reilly Factor".
O'Reilly's radio program reaches 3.25 million-plus listeners and is carried by more than 400 radio stations. [ [http://www.stateofthenewsmedia.org/2007/narrative_radio_talk_radio.asp?cat=8&media=9 The State of the News Media 2007] .Annual Report on American Journalism,2007.] According to the talk radio industry publication "
Talkers Magazine", O'Reilly is #11 on the "Heavy Hundred", a list of the 100 most important talk show hosts in America. [ [http://talkers.com/main/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=19&Itemid=44 Heavy Hundred 2008] Talkers Magazine, June 2008.] Conservative Internet news site " NewsMax"'s "Top 25 Talk Radio Host" list selected O'Reilly to the #2 spot as most influential host in the nation. [ [www.newsmax.com/radio_hosts.cfm Top 25 Radio Hosts] .NewsMax.com, July 1, 2008.]
O'Reilly married Maureen E. McPhilmy, a public relations executive, in 1995. They have a daughter and a son. O'Reilly currently resides in suburban
Manhasset, New York. [ [http://eyeball-series.org/billo-birdseye.htm Bill O'Reilly Birdseye ] ]
"The O'Reilly Factor"
O'Reilly's television show, "The O'Reilly Factor", is routinely the highest-rated show of the three major U.S. 24-hour cable news channels and began the trend toward more opinion-oriented prime-time cable news programming.cite web | author=Johnson, Peter |title=Cable rantings boost ratings | date=October 3, 2006 | publisher=USATODAY.com| url=http://www.usatoday.com/life/columnist/mediamix/2006-09-24-media-mix_x.htm | accessdate= June 21 | accessyear= 2007 ] The show is taped late in the afternoon at a studio in New York City and airs every weekday on the FOX News Channel at 8:00 p.m. Eastern Time.
Political beliefs and points of view
"The O'Reilly Factor" and O'Reilly's talk-radio program, "
The Radio Factor", focus on news and commentary related to politics most of the time.
He has coined the term "traditionalist" when describing his points of view on various topics, saying the term is not limited to the normal party lines, although his commentary generally supports conservative viewpoints. [ [http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/nation/20040210-0550-campaign-bush-oreilly.html] , Reuters as reported in "The Union Tribune", February 10, 2004]
O'Reilly has long said that he does not belong to or identify with any political party. In 2000, however, "
The New York Daily News" determined that he was registered with the Republican Party in the state of New York. He said that there had been "no box to fill in" to register as an Independent; in fact, the form did have a box labeled "I do not wish to enroll in a party." Since this disclosure, he has registered as an independent. [http://mediamatters.org/items/200510030001]
In a 2003 interview on
NPR, O'Reilly said:
Controversy, criticism, and parody
Over the years, O'Reilly has been criticized by or had disputes with a number of public figures including
Al Franken, Bill Moyers,cite news | title =Media types trade shots | publisher =Associated Press | date =2002-12-09 | url =http://www.sptimes.com/2002/12/09/Artsandentertainment/Media_types_trade_sho.shtml | accessdate = 2007-06-19 ] George Clooney, 50 Cent, Rosie O'Donnell, Arianna Huffington, Mark Cuban, Nas, Joe Scarborough, and Keith Olbermann, sometimes in response to commentary by O'Reilly. Progressive media watchdog organizations like Media Matters for Americaand Fairness and Accuracy in Reportinghave criticized O'Reilly's reporting on a variety of issues, accusing him of distorting facts and using misleading or erroneous statistics. [ [http://www.fair.org/index.php?page=1108 Fairness & Accuracy in Reporting, "The "Oh Really?" Factor: Bill O'Reilly spins facts and statistics," Peter Hart, May/June 2002.] ]
O'Reilly is considered the main inspiration for comedian
Stephen Colbert's satirical character on the Comedy Centralshow " The Colbert Report", which features Colbert in a "full-dress parody" of "The O'Reilly Factor". [ [http://www.newyorker.com/archive/2006/03/27/060327fa_fact] New Yorker "Fear Factor," Nicholas Lemann, March 2006] On the show, Colbert refers to O'Reilly as "Papa Bear."
On October 13, 2004, O'Reilly filed a lawsuit against "O'Reilly Factor" producer
Andrea Mackris, her lawyer Benedict P. Morelli, and Morelli's law firm for extortion, contending Mackris had privately threatened to charge O'Reilly with sexual harassmentunless he paid her more than $60 million (USD). [cite web |url = http://www.thesmokinggun.com/archive/1013042oreilly1.html |title = O'Reilly: Female Aide in $60M Extort Bid |publisher = Courtroom Television NetworkLLC |work = The Smoking Gun
date = 2004-10-13 |accessdate=2005-07-11] Later that same day. Mackris filed a complaint of sexual harassment against O'Reilly. Mackris claimed that O'Reilly had made sexually explicit phone calls, including a "vile and degrading monologue about sex." [cite web |url = http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A34312-2004Oct15.html|title = O'Reilly, Accuser Air Their Cases |accessdate = 2007-05-28 |author= Howard Kurtz |authorlink = Howard Kurtz |date = 2004-10-15 |work =
The Washington Post] [cite web|url = http://www.thesmokinggun.com/archive/1013043mackris1.html|title= O'Reilly Hit With Sex Harass Suit|accessdate= 2007-05-28|date= 2004-10-13|work= The Smoking Gun|publisher = Courtroom Television NetworkLLC|pages= ] O'Reilly denied engaging in any physical or sexual assault or "offensive touching." He also alleged that Mackris' motives were financial and political in nature. According to newspaper reports, O'Reilly likely paid Mackris millions of dollars as part of a settlement, whereby both lawsuits were dismissed, but the terms of the out-of-court agreement are confidential.cite web |url = http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A7578-2004Oct28.html |title = Bill O'Reilly, Producer Settle Harassment Suit |accessdate = 2007-05-28 |author = Howard Kurtz |authorlink = Howard Kurtz|date = 2004-10-29 |work = The Washington Post] The lawsuit was dropped on October 28, 2004.
Books and other media
O'Reilly has authored seven books:
Those Who Trespass". Novel.
Bancroft Press, April 1998; reprint, Broadway Books, February 2004. 288 pages. ISBN 0-9631246-8-4.
*"The O'Reilly Factor: The Good, the Bad, and the Completely Ridiculous in American Life". Non-fiction.
Broadway Books, September 2000; reprint, Broadway Books, March 2002. 224 pages. ISBN 0-7679-0528-8.
Reached #1 on the New York Times' Non-Fiction Best Seller list. [http://www.hawes.com/no1_nf_d.htm New York Times Best Seller; Number Ones Listing; Non Fiction By Date] , Hawes.com]
*"The No Spin Zone". Non-fiction.
Broadway Books, October 2001; reprint, Broadway Books, March 2003. 208 pages. ISBN 0-7679-0848-1.
Reached #1 on the New York Times' Non-Fiction Best Seller list.
*"Who's Looking Out For You?". Non-fiction.
Broadway Books, September 2003; reprint, Broadway Books, September 2004. 224 pages. ISBN 0-7679-1379-5.
Reached #1 on the New York Times' Non-Fiction Best Seller list.
HarperEntertainment, September 2004; reprint, Harper Paperbacks, September 2005. 208 pages. ISBN 0-06-054424-4.
Charles Flowers. Best-selling non-fiction children's book of 2005. [cite web| url=http://www.billoreilly.com/pg/jsp/general/billbio.jsp|title=Bill's Bio|publisher=BillOReilly.com]
Culture Warrior". Non-fiction.
Broadway Books, September 2006. 240 pages. ISBN 0-7679-2092-9.
Reached #1 on the New York Times' Non-Fiction Best Seller list.
Achieved more than one million copies in print in its first three months.
*"Kids Are Americans Too". Non-fiction.
William Morrow (October 16, 2007). 160 pages. ISBN 0060846763.
*"" was released on September 23, 2008.
In addition, O'Reilly writes a weekly syndicated newspaper column that appears in numerous newspapers, including the "
New York Post" and the " Chicago Sun-Times". [BillOReilly.com, [http://www.billoreilly.com/pg/jsp/general/newspapercolumn.jsp "Newspaper Column List"] , Accessed January 8, 2007.]
* [http://www.billoreilly.com Bill O'Reilly's Official Website]
* [http://www.foxnews.com/oreilly/ "The O'Reilly Factor" website]
* [http://newsinfo.iu.edu/news/page/normal/5535.html Content analysis of O'Reilly's rhetoric finds spin to be a 'factor']
* [http://www.creators.com/opinion_show.cfm?columnsName=bor O'Reilly's syndicated newspaper column]
* [http://streamingradioguide.com/radio-show.php?show=564 List of radio stations streaming the O'Reilly Factor]
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