Gothicismus, Gothism, or Gothicism ( _sv. Göticism) is the name given to what is considered to have been a
cultural movementin Sweden. The founders of the movement were Nicolaus Ragvaldi, the brothers Johannes Magnus, Olaus Magnusand Olof Rudbeck d.ä.. They all held the belief that the Gothshad originally lived in Sweden. This myth continued to hold power in the 17th century, when Sweden was a great power following the Thirty Years' War, but lost most of its sway in the 18th. It was revitalized by national romanticismin the early 19th century, this time with the vikingsas heroic figures.
The name is derived from
Jordanes's account of the Gothic urheimatin Scandinavia( Scandza), and the Gothicists in Sweden believed that the Goths had originated from Sweden. Some scholars in Denmark also attempted to identify the Goths with the Jutes, however, these ideas did not lead to the same widespread cultural movement in the Danish society as it did in the Swedish. In contrast with the Swedes, the Danes of this era did not forward claims to political legitimacy based on assertions that their country was the original homeland of the Goths and that the conquest of the Roman Empire was proof of their own country's military valor and power through history. [Sondrup, Steven P. and Virgil Nemoianu (2004). "Nonfictional Romantic Prose: Expanding Borders". In the International Comparative Literature Association's History of Literatures in European Languages series. John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2004, ISBN 9027234515, p. 143.]
The Gothicismus movement took pride in the Gothic tradition that the
Ostrogoths and their king Theodoric the Greatwho assumed power in the Roman Empirehad Scandinavian ancestry. This pride was expressed as early as the medieval chronicles, where chroniclers wrote about the Goths as the ancestors of the Scandinavians, and it permeated the writings of the Swedish writer Johannes Magnus("Historia de omnibus gothorum seonumque regibus") and his brother Olaus Magnus(" Historia de gentibus septentrionalibus"). Both works had a large impact on contemporary scholarship in Sweden.
During the 17th century, Danes and Swedes competed for the collection and publication of
Iceland manuscripts, Norse sagas, and the two Eddas. In Sweden, the Icelandic manuscripts became part of an origin myth and were seen as proof that the greatness and heroism of the old Geats had been passed down through the generations to the current population. This pride culminated in the publication of Olaus Rudbeck's " Atland eller Manheim" (1679–1702), where he claimed that Swedenwas identical to Atlantis.
During the 18th century, the Swedish Gothicismus movement had sobered somewhat, but it resurged again during the
Romantic nationalismfrom ca 1800 and onwards with Geijer and Tegnér in the Geatish society.
Denmark, romantic nationalism led writers such as Ewald, Grundtvig and Oehlenschläger to take a renewed interest in Old Norse subjects, and in other parts of Europe, the interest in Norse mythology, history and language was represented by the Englishman Gray, the Germans Herder and Klopstock, and by the Swiss Mallet.
Scandinavian architecture, Gothicismus had a prime in the 1860s and 1870s, but it continued until ca 1900. The interest in Old Norse subjects led to the creation of a special architecture in wood inspired by the Stave churches, and it was in Norwaythat the style had its largest impact. The details that are often found in this style are dragon heads, and it is often called "dragon style", false arcades, lathed colonnades, protruding lofts and a ridged roof.
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