- School Sisters of Notre Dame
Founding and growth
The order was founded in
Bavariain 1833during a time of poverty and illiteracy. Its founder, Caroline Gerhardinger, known by the religious name of "Mary Theresa of Jesus", formed a community with two other women in Neunburg vorm Wald to teach the poor.
In 1847 Mother Theresa and five companion sisters went to America to aid a group of German immigrants in rural
Pennsylvania. That same year the sisters staffed schools in three German parishes in Baltimore, Maryland: St. James, St. Michael, and St. Alphonsus, as well as opening the Institute of Notre Dame, a private school for German girls. Eventually the sisters traveled as far west as Mankato, MN, establishing several missions for their order.
More than 4,300 School Sisters of Notre Dame work in thirty-five countries in
Europe, North America, Latin America, Asia, Africaand Oceania.
The Constitution of the School Sisters of Notre Dame, approved by
Pope Pius IXin 1865, allowed Mother Theresa and her successors, instead of local bishops, to govern the order. Today, the order has US motherhouses in Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Baltimore, Maryland; St. Louis, Missouri; Mankato, Minnesota; Waterdown, Ontario; Covington, Kentucky; and Dallas, Texas. Motherhouses are located in Europe and South America as well, and the Generalate of the Congregation is found in Rome, Italy.
678 members of the order in the U.S. are participating in the
Nun Study, a longitudinal study of agingand Alzheimer's diseaseinitiated in 1986. The homogeneous life style of the nuns makes them an ideal study population. Convent archives have been made available to investigators as a resource on the history of participants. Of the 677 nuns which include Sister Kathleen Treanor, 93 and Sister Antoine Daniel, 96, only 61 surviving nuns recently completed their last rounds of intellectual and physical tests for the Nun Study. The nuns decided to donate their brainsto science. They acknowledged the success to Dr. David Snowdon, epidemiology professor of University of Minnesotain 1986. In 1992, he administered annual memory and cognitive tests to 678 nuns ranging in age from 75 to 102. [ [http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5hAensQ73Am9Qq-YKK22gLrRXiPoQD8TM3AMG0 Afp.google.com, Nuns Leave Their Brains to Science] ]
Academia del Perpetuo Socorro
Colegio Católico Notre Dame
Institute of Notre Dame
College of Notre Dame of Maryland
Notre Dame Academy and Convent
* [http://www.ssnd.org/ School Sisters of Notre Dame]
* [http://www.ssndmankato.org School Sisters of Notre Dame, Mankato Province]
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