Lira


Lira

Lira is the name of the monetary unit of a number of countries, as well as the former currency of Italy, Malta, San Marino and the Vatican City.The term originates from the value of a Troy pound (Latin "libra") of high purity silver, and as such is a direct cognate of the British pound sterling; in some countries, such as Cyprus, the words "lira" and "pound" are used as equivalents. L, sometimes in a double-crossed script form () or less often single-crossed (£), is usually used as the symbol.

Etymology

The word Libra developed its "Lira" shape from Italian, a language famed for its loss of initial consonants in two-part clusters (ie. Doctor = "dottore"). Evidence of this still exists in Great Britain and the USA where pound is a weight measurement, and represented by letters lb.

Current uses

Turkey

The Turkish lira was introduced in the mid 1870s. The New Turkish Lira, equivalent to 1,000,000 old lira, is the current currency of Turkey and Northern Cyprus, issued on January 1 2005. New Turkish Lira will be replaced by Turkish Lira after January 1 2009.

Lebanon

The Lebanese pound is called "lira or livre" in local languages.

Syria

The Syrian pound is called "lira" in national language of Syria, Arabic.

Jordan

A widely-used name of Jordanian dinar is lira.

Also:
The Bulgarian language refers to the English pound as "lira" (or occasionally "paund" to reflect English phonology) in opposition to Croatian which refers to the Italian as "liri" and the English as "funti" (from German).

Former currencies

* Cyprus pound (called "lira" in local languages)
* Israeli lira
* Italian lira
* Italian East African lira
* Italian Somaliland lira
* Maltese Lira
* Neapolitan lira
* Sammarinese lira
* Tripolitanian lira
* Vatican lira
* Pound (currency) cognate
* French livre cognate

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/in_depth/business/2001/euro_cash/spent_currencies/lira.stm Overview of Italian lira from the BBC]


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