Robert II of Artois


Robert II of Artois

and Matilda of Brabant.

He married in Paris in 1262 Amicie de Courtenay (1250–1275), by whom he had three children:

# Mahaut of Artois (1268–1329)
# Philip of Artois (1269–1298)
# Robert (b. 1271), d. young

After her death, he married twice more, without issue:
*in 1277, Agnes of Dampierre (1237–1288), heiress of Bourbon
*on October 18, 1298 Marguerite of Hainaut (d. 1342), daughter of John II, Count of Hainaut

An experienced soldier, he took part in the Aragonese Crusade in 1284 and defeated the Flemings in 1297 at the Battle of Furnes. He was again sent into Flanders in July 1302, where he began to ravage the countryside and attempted to take the town of Kortrijk. He then met the Flemish army at the Battle of the Golden Spurs. His infantry advanced with great success against the Flemings (mostly city militia), but he ordered their recall to allow his cavalry to make the final, victorious charge. But on the broken, marshy ground, his knights were unable to gain enough momentum to break the Flemish shieldwall, and they were knocked down and slaughtered. Robert led some of the reserves in a second charge in an attempt to reverse their fortunes, but was cut down by the Flemish infantry.

After his death, his daughter Mahaut inherited Artois, but his grandson Robert unsuccessfully tried to claim it.

External links

* [http://www.briantimms.com/wijnbergen/wnartois1.htm Coat of Arms in the Wijnbergen Roll]


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