- Acoustic torpedo
An acoustic torpedo is a
torpedothat aims itself by listening for characteristic sounds of its target or by searching for it using sonar. Acoustic torpedoes are usually designed for medium-range use, and often fired from a submarine.
The first passive acoustic torpedo was the G7es T-5 "Zaunkönig" torpedo deployed in late
World War IIby the German U-Boatfleet. This weapon was developed to attack escort vessels and merchant ships in convoys. In July 1944, Russian commando frogmendiscovered T-5 torpedoes aboard a sunken German submarine, "U-250". Torpedoes were safely delivered to surface ships. Key components of the G7es T-5 "Zaunkönig" torpedo were later ordered by Joseph Stalinto by given to British naval specialists. The capture of U-505marked the second time that Allied forces gained access to this technology.
Since its introduction, the acoustic torpedo has proven to be a effective against surface ships as well as serving as an anti-submarine weapon. Today, "acoustic torpedoes" are mostly used against submarines.
Before a torpedo is launched, the target must be 'boxed in'. A fire control system on the firing platform will set an initial search depth range which is passed to the weapon's microprocessor. The search parameters cover the expected depth of the target.
In general, acoustic torpedoes are equipped with a mid-frequency acoustic sensor designed either to detect the sound of churning water from a moving vessel, or actively to locate targets using SONAR. Acoustic torpedoes can be compared to modern
fire-and-forget guided missiles. What this means is the enemy (most likely a submarine) will be detected by sonar in any direction it goes. The torpedo will start with passive sonar, simply trying to detect the submarine. Once the torpedo's passive sonar has detected something, it will switch over to an active sonar and will begin to track the target. At this point, the submarine has probably started evasive maneuvers and may have even deployed a noisemaker. The torpedo's logic circuitry, if not fooled by the noise maker, will home in on the noise signature of the target submarine.
RUR-5 ASROCVertical Launch Missile
*MK 48 ADCAP Submersion Launch Missile
MK 24Passive Homing Surface / Submersible Fire Torpedo
MK 32Active Homing Surface / Submersible / Air Fire Torpedo
MK 15Surface to Surface Torpedo
* [http://www.msichicago.org/exhibit/U505/exhibit/b_artifacts/16.html U-505 | The Exhibit | Artifacts: G7e Torpedo]
*Cutler, Thomas J. "The Battle of Leyte Gulf". New York: Simon and Schuster, 1996
*Clancy, Tom. "Red Storm Rising". New York: Penguin and Putnam, 1986
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Look at other dictionaries:
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