- Robin Cook
The Right Honourable
name = Robin Cook
birth_date = birth date|1946|02|28|df=y
death_date = Death date and age|2005|08|6|1946|02|28|df=y
Leader of the House of Commons Lord President of the Council
term_start = 8 June 2001
term_end = 17 March 2003
successor = John Reid
Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
term_start2 = 2 May 1997
term_end2 = 8 June 2001
successor2 = Jack Straw
term_start3 = 28 February 1974
term_end3 = 9 June 1983
successor3 = Alexander Fletcher
term_start4 = 9 June 1983
term_end4 = 6 August 2005
predecessor4 = "(new constituency)"
Robert Finlayson Cook (28 February 1946 – 6 August 2005), better known as "Robin Cook", was a
politicianin the British Labour Party. He was Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairsof the United Kingdomfrom 1997 to 2001. He resigned from his post as Leader of the House of Commonsand Lord President of the Councilon 17 March 2003 in protest against the 2003 invasion of Iraq. At the time of his death he was president of the Foreign Policy Centreand a vice-president of the America All Party Parliamentary Groupand the Global Security and Non-Proliferation All Party Parliamentary Group.
Background and personal life
Robin Cook was born in
Bellshill, Scotland, the only son of Peter and Christina Cook. His father was a science teacher and his grandfather was a miner before being blacklisted for being involved in a strike. He studied English Literatureat the University of Edinburghearning an MA, and after a brief period as a schoolteacher became a local councillorin Edinburghin 1971. He was introduced to horse racing by his wife, Margaret Cook (whom he married in 1969 and with whom he had two sons, Peter and Christopher) and worked as a racing tipsterin his spare time.
Shortly after he became
Foreign Secretary, Cook ended his marriage with Margaret, revealing that he had an extra-marital affair with one of his staff, Gaynor Regan.cite news
title = Ministers turn their backs on marriage.
url = http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-109589012.html
| publisher = "The Daily Mail"
date = 15 January 2001
accessdate = 2007-08-17] He announced his intentions to leave his wife and marry another woman via a press statement made at Heathrow on 2 August 1997. Cook was forced in to a decision over his private life after a telephone conversation with
Alastair Campbellas he was about to go on holiday with his first wife. Campbell explained that the press was about to break the story of his affair with Regan. His estranged wife subsequently accused him of having had several extramarital affairs and alleged he was an alcoholic. He married Regan on 9 April 1998, four weeks after his divorce was finalised.
Cook unsuccessfully contested the Edinburgh North constituency in the 1970 general election, but was elected to the House of Commons at the February 1974 general election as
Member of Parliamentfor Edinburgh Central. When constituency boundaries were revised for the 1983 general election, he transferred to the new Livingston constituency, which he represented until his death.
In parliament, he joined the
left-wing Tribune Groupof the Parliamentary Labour Partyand frequently opposed the policies of the Wilson and Callaghan governments. He was an early supporter of constitutional and electoral reform(although he opposed devolutionin the 1979 referendum, eventually coming out in favour on election night in 1983), and of efforts to gain more women MPs. He also supported unilateral nuclear disarmamentand the abandoning of the Labour Party's euroscepticismof the 1970s and 1980s. Despite his role in modernising the party under Kinnock and Smith, Cook was said to be never fully committed to Blair's "New Labour" project, considering it a step too far to the right.
He became known as a brilliant parliamentary debater, and rose through the party ranks, becoming a frontbench spokesman in 1980, and reaching the Shadow Cabinet in 1987, as Shadow Social Services Secretary. He was campaign manager for
Neil Kinnock's successful 1983 bid to become leader of the Labour Party, and was one of the key figures in the modernization of the Labour Party under Kinnock. He was Shadow Health Secretary (1989-92) and Shadow Trade Secretary (1992-94), before taking on foreign affairs in 1994, the post he would become most identified with (Shadow Foreign Secretary 1994-97, Foreign Secretary 1997-2001).
In 1994, following the death of John Smith, he ruled himself out of contention for the Labour leadership, apparently on the grounds that he was insufficiently attractive to be an election winner, although two close family bereavements in the week in which the decision had to be made may have contributed.
On 26 February 1996, following the publication of the
Scott Reportinto the ' Arms-to-Iraq' affair, he made a famous speech in response to the then President of the Board of Trade Ian Langin which he said "this is not just a Government which does not know how to accept blame; it is a Government which knows no shame". His parliamentary performance on the occasion of the publication of the five-volume, 2,000-page Scott Report — which he claimed he was given just two hours to read before the relevant debate, thus giving him three seconds to read every page — was widely praised on both sides of the House as one of the best performances the Commons had seen in years, and one of Cook's finest hours.
. Others have remained elusive so far, such as a referendum on the electoral system and further House of Lords reform.
After his 2003 resignation from the Cabinet, Cook remained an active backbench Member of Parliament until his death. After leaving the Government, Cook was a leading analyst of the decision to go to war in
Iraq, giving evidence to the Foreign Affairs Select Committee which was later relevant during the Hutton and Butler inquiries. He was sceptical of the proposals contained in the Government's Higher Education Bill, and abstained on its Second Reading. [ [http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200304/cmhansrd/vo040127/debtext/40127-37.htm#40127-37_div38 House of Commons Hansard Debates for 27 January 2004 (pt 37) ] ] He also took strong positions in favour of both the proposed European Constitution, [ [http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200405/cmhansrd/cm050209/debtext/50209-17.htm#50209-17_spnew4 House of Commons Hansard Debates for 9 February 2005 (pt 17) ] ] and a majority-elected House of Lords, [ [http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200203/cmhansrd/vo030204/debtext/30204-08.htm#30204-08_spmin0 House of Commons Hansard Debates for 4 February 2003 (pt 8) ] ] [ [http://www.parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk/pa/cm200405/cmhansrd/cm050223/halltext/50223h01.htm#50223h01_spnew1 House of Commons Hansard Debates for 23 February 2005 (pt 1) ] ] about which he said (whilst Leader of the Commons), "I do not see how [the House of Lords] can be a democratic second Chamber if it is also an election-free zone".
In the years after his exit from the Foreign Office, and particularly since his resignation from the Cabinet, Cook made up with
Gordon Brownafter decades of personal animosity [ [http://politics.guardian.co.uk/comment/story/0,9115,1544637,00.html John Kampfner on Robin Cook | Politics | The Guardian ] ] — an unlikely reconciliation after a mediation attempt by Frank Dobsonin the early 1990s had seen Dobson conclude (to John Smith) "You're right. They hate each other." Cook and Brown focused on their common political ground, discussing how to firmly entrench progressive politics after the exit of Tony Blair. [ [http://comment.independent.co.uk/columnists_m_z/steve_richards/article304440.ece Steve Richards: Progressive causes everywhere will feel the loss of an indispensable politician - Steve Richards, Commentators - Independent.co.uk ] ] Chris Smith said in 2005 that in recent years Cook had been setting out a vision of "libertarian, democratic socialism that was beginning to break the sometimes sterile boundaries of 'old' and 'New' Labour labels." [ [http://comment.independent.co.uk/commentators/article304442.ece Chris Smith: The House of Commons was Robin Cook's true home - Commentators, Opinion - Independent.co.uk ] ] Some commentators and senior politicians said that Cook seemed destined for a senior Cabinet post under a Brown premiership. [ [http://news.independent.co.uk/uk/politics/article304437.ece Return to Cabinet role for Cook was on the cards - UK Politics, UK - Independent.co.uk ] ]
With the election of a Labour government at the 1997 general election, Cook became Foreign Secretary. He was believed to have coveted the job of
Chancellor of the Exchequer, but that job was reportedly promised by Tony Blairto Gordon Brown. He announced, to much scepticism, his intention to add "an ethical dimension" to foreign policy.
His term as Foreign Secretary was marked by British interventions in
Kosovoand Sierra Leone. Both of these were controversial, the former because it was not sanctioned by the UN Security Council, and the latter because of allegations that the British company Sandline Internationalhad supplied arms to supporters of the deposed president in contravention of a United Nationsembargo. Cook was also embarrassed when his apparent offer to mediate in the dispute between Indiaand Pakistanover Kashmirwas rebuffed. The ethical dimension of his policies was subject to inevitable scrutiny, leading to criticism at times.
He is credited with having helped resolve the eight-year
impasseover the Pan Am Flight 103 bombing trialby getting Libyato agree to hand over the two accused ( Megrahiand Fhimah) in 1999, for trial in the neutral venue of the Netherlandsbut according to Scots law.
In March 1998, a diplomatic rift ensued with
Israelwhen Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahuangrily canceled a dinner with Cook, while Cook was visiting Israel and had demonstrated opposition to the expansion of Israeli settlements. [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A0CE1DB1039F93BA25750C0A96E958260&n=Top/Reference/Times%20Topics/People/C/Cook,%20Robin New York Times, Netanyahu Angrily Cancels Dinner With Visiting Briton Published: 18 March 1998] ]
Leader of the House of Commons
After the 2001 general election he was moved, against his wishes, from the Foreign Office to be
Leader of the House of Commons. This was widely seen as a demotion — although it is a Cabinet post, it is substantially less prestigious than the Foreign Office — and Cook nearly turned it down. In the event he accepted, and looking on the bright side welcomed the chance to spend more time on his favourite stage. According to " The Observer", [ [http://observer.guardian.co.uk/2001review/story/0,1590,617634,00.html The sacrifice: why Robin Cook was fired | Politics | The Observer ] ] it was Blair's fears over political battles within the Cabinet over Europe, and especially the euro, which saw him unexpectedly demote the pro-European Cook.
As Leader of the House he was responsible for reforming the hours and practices of the Commons and for leading the debate on reform of the House of Lords. He also spoke for the Government during the controversy surrounding the membership of Commons Select Committees which arose in 2001, where Government whips were accused of pushing aside the outspoken committee chairs
Gwyneth Dunwoodyand Donald Anderson. He was President of the Party of European Socialistsfrom May 2001 to April 2004.
In early 2003, during a live television appearance on
BBCcurrent affairs show Question Time, he was inadvertently referred to as "Robin Cock" by David Dimbleby. Cook responded with attempted good humour with "Yes, David Bumblebee", and Dimbleby apologised twice on air for his slip. The episode also saw Cook in the uncomfortable position of defending the Government's stance over the impending invasion of Iraq, weeks before his resignation over the issue.
He documented his time as
Leader of the House of Commonsin a widely acclaimed book 'The Point of Departure', which discussed in diary form his efforts to reform the House of Lordsand to persuade his ministerial colleagues, including Tony Blair, to distance the Labour Government from the foreign policy of the Bush administration. The former Political Editor of Channel 4News, Elinor Goodmancalled the book 'the best insight yet into the workings of the Blair cabinet', whilst the former Editor of " The Observer", Will Hutton, called it 'the political book of the year - a lucid and compelling insider's account of the two years that define the Blair Prime Ministership'.
Resignation over Iraq war
In early 2003 he was reported to be one of the cabinet's chief opponents of military action against Iraq, and on 17 March he resigned from the Cabinet. In a statement giving his reasons for resigning he said, "I can't accept collective responsibility for the decision to commit Britain now to military action in Iraq without international agreement or domestic support." He also praised Blair's "heroic efforts" in pushing for the so-called second resolution regarding the
Iraq disarmament crisis. Cook's [http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200203/cmhansrd/vo030317/debtext/30317-33.htm#30317-33_spnew0 resignation speech] in the House of Commons, received with an unprecedented standing ovation by fellow MPs, was described by the BBC's Andrew Marras "without doubt one of the most effective, brilliant, resignation speeches in modern British politics." [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/politics/2859431.stm BBC NEWS | UK | UK Politics | Cook's resignation speech ] ] Most unusually for the British parliament, Cook's speech was met with growing applause from all sides of the House (beginning with Labour and Liberal Democrat critics of the war), and from the public gallery. According to the Economist's obituary, that was the first speech ever to receive a standing ovation in the history of the House, Tony Blair's resignation speech being the second and most recent.
Cook described Al-Qaida as a product of a western miscalculation, in a 2005 newspaper column: :"Bin Laden was, though, a product of a monumental miscalculation by western security agencies. Throughout the 80s he was armed by the
CIAand funded by the Saudis to wage jihad against the Russian occupation of Afghanistan. Al-Qaida, literally "the database", was originally the computer file of the thousands of mujahideen who were recruited and trained with help from the CIA to defeat the Russians."cite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title=The struggle against terrorism cannot be won by military means | date= | publisher= | url =http://www.guardian.co.uk/terrorism/story/0,12780,1523838,00.html | work = The Guardian| pages = | accessdate = 2007-07-25 | language = ]
Death and conflicting reports
On 6 August 2005, Cook was with Gaynor on the mountain
Ben Stackin Sutherland, Scotland, when he suffered a severe heart attack. Some early reports suggested that he had died before reaching the summit, [ [http://www.spiegel.de/politik/ausland/0,1518,368678,00.html Zusammenbruch auf Bergtour: Britischer Ex-Außenminister Cook mit 59 Jahren gestorben - Politik - SPIEGEL ONLINE - Nachrichten ] ] but according to his last SMS he had already climbed it and was descending, [ [http://news.scotsman.com/topics.cfm?tid=1318&id=1774402005 'Robin scaled many great heights - he died in his prime' - Scotsman.com News ] ] despite earlier reports that neither of the walkers had a mobile phone. Cook's wife said that he collapsed and that she had called out and attracted the attention of a stranger in order to use his mobile at 2:23 pm. Due to the lack of time, Gaynor was not winched onto the Stornoway Coastguard helicopter and walked down the mountain with the other walker. [ [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article552898.ece A wife's agony and the 45-minute battle for life on a mountainside - Times Online ] ] Cook was flown from the mountain at 3:01 pm, to Raigmore Hospitalin Invernesswhere he was pronounced dead at 4:05 pm. The post mortemrevealed that Cook died of hypertensive heart disease, [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/4135256.stm BBC NEWS | Scotland | Heart disease caused Cook's death ] ] although the paramedics at the scene had speculated that he died of a broken neck.
funeralservice was held on 12 August 2005, at St Giles Cathedralin Edinburgh, even though Cook had been an atheist. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/4143846.stm BBC NEWS | Scotland | Mourners' funeral tribute to Cook ] ] Gordon Browngave the eulogy, and then German foreign minister Joschka Fischerwas one of the attendees. British Prime Minister Tony Blair, who was on holiday at the time, did not attend the funeral. In his speech at the funeral, Cook's friend, the eccentric racing pundit, John McCririck, denounced Blair for not attending. Though many thought Blair had snubbed Cook, the majority of the congregation felt that what McCririck had said was inappropriate, especially as he was invited to talk about Cook's love for horse racing.
In January 2007, a headstone was erected in
Grange Cemeteryin Edinburgh, where Cook is buried, bearing the epitaph: "I may not have succeeded in halting the war, but I did secure the right of parliament to decide on war." It is a reference to Cook's strong opposition to the 2003 invasion of Iraq and the words were reportedly chosen by his wife and two sons from his previous marriage, Chris and Peter. [ [http://politics.guardian.co.uk/iraq/story/0,,1986123,00.html Cook's opposition to Iraq war set in stone | Politics | guardian.co.uk ] ]
Cook's death was to be followed 13 days later by the death of fellow former cabinet member,
In 2003, Cook came ninth in "The Glasgow Herald"'s poll,
The Most Scottish Person in the World.
*"The Point of Departure" by Robin Cook (Simon & Schuster, 2003) ISBN 0-7432-5255-1
* [http://politics.guardian.co.uk/politicsobituaries/page/0,1441,1544826,00.html Guardian Unlimited Politics — Special Report: Robin Cook (1946 - 2005)]
* [http://www.theyworkforyou.com/mp/robin_cook/livingston TheyWorkForYou.com — Robin Cook MP]
* [http://www.nndb.com/people/958/000047817/ NNDB — Robin Cook]
* [http://www.guardian.co.uk/indonesia/Story/0,2763,190889,00.html Cook's "ethical foreign policy" speech] , 12 May 1997
* [http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200203/cmhansrd/vo030317/debtext/30317-33.htm Cook's resignation statement in the House] , 17 March 2003
* [http://www.youtube.com/profile?user=setfree69 The Fruitceller 2 - A huge Video Archive for the Anti-War Movement Contains video of Robin Cooks resignation speech AND the Arms to Iraq Enquiry]
* [http://www.guardian.co.uk/racism/Story/0,2763,477023,00.html Robin Cook's chicken tikka masala speech] , Robin Cook,
The Guardian, 19 April 2001.
* [http://www.labour.ie/campaigns/listing/20060727132311.html "Obituary: Remembering Robin Cook One year on"] from
Labour Party (Ireland)
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/4127676.stm "Obituary: Robin Cook"] from BBC News
* [http://politics.guardian.co.uk/politicsobituaries/story/0,1441,1544701,00.html "Obituary: Robin Cook"] from
* [http://politics.guardian.co.uk/labour/story/0,9061,916123,00.html Cook resigns from cabinet over Iraq] , Matthew Tempest,
The Guardian, 17 March 2003
* [http://observer.guardian.co.uk/2001review/story/0,1590,617634,00.html "The sacrifice"] , Kamal Ahmed,
The Observer, 10 June 2001
* [http://www.guardian.co.uk/comment/story/0,,1538378,00.html "Worse than irrelevant"] , Robin Cook's last article,
The Guardian, 29 July 2005
* [http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/story/0,,1837778,00.html From the Lords to Lebanon, Labour misses Robin Cook] , David Clark,
Guardian Unlimited, 5 August 2006.
* [http://shaphan.typepad.com/blog/2006/05/questions_about.html Lingering Questions about Robin Cook's Death]
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Robin Cook — ist der Name folgender Personen: Robin Cook (Autor) (* 1940), US amerikanischer Arzt und Autor Robin Cook (Politiker) (1946–2005), britischer Politiker Robin William Arthur Cook, Pseudonym Derek Raymond (1931–1994), britischer Schriftsteller … Deutsch Wikipedia
Robin Cook — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Robin Cook (nacido el 4 de mayo de 1940 en Nueva York, Estados Unidos) es médico y escritor. Obtuvo el doctorado en medicina en la Universidad de Columbia en 1966. Trabajó en el Queen s Hospital en Honolulu, Hawaii y … Wikipedia Español
Robin Cook — [Robin Cook] (1946–2005) a British ↑Labour politician. He became a ↑Member of Parliament in 1983 and held several positions in the Labour ↑Shadow Cabinet before becoming ↑Foreign Secretary … Useful english dictionary
Robin Cook — (nacido el 4 de mayo de 1940 en Nueva York, Estados Unidos) es médico y escritor. Obtuvo el doctorado en medicina en la Universidad de Columbia en 1966. Trabajó en el Queen s Hospital en Honolulu, Hawaii y posteriormente sirvió a la marina… … Enciclopedia Universal
Robin Cook — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie différentes personnes partageant un même nom. Robin Cook est un nom pouvant faire référence à : Robin Cook (1931 1994), un écrivain britannique ; Robin Cook (1940 ), un écrivain américain ;… … Wikipédia en Français
Robin Cook — ➡ Cook (IV) * * * … Universalium
Robin Cook — n. (1946 2005) former British Foreign Secretary in Tony Blair s government … English contemporary dictionary
Robin Cook (American novelist) — Robin Cook (novelist) redirects here. For the UK novelist, see Derek Raymond. Dr. Robin Cook Robin Cook in Warsaw (2008) Born May 4, 1940 (1940 05 04) … Wikipedia
Robin cook (homme politique britannique) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Robin Cook. Robin Cook en décembre 1997 … Wikipédia en Français
Robin Cook (Autor) — Robin Cook, 2008 Robin Cook (* 4. Mai 1940 in New York City) ist ein US amerikanischer Arzt und Autor. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 … Deutsch Wikipedia