Almira


Almira

"Almira, Königin von Castilien" or "Der in Krohnen erlangte Glückswechsel" (HWV 1), is George Frideric Handel's first opera.

Background

Handel came to the city of Hamburg in the summer of 1703 and played as a violinist in the theatre at the "Gänsemarkt", the local market place. On later occasions, he also played the harpsichord in the orchestra.His first opera – announced as a "Singspiel"—had its premiere on 8 January 1705 under the direction of Reinhard Keiser, so it is presumed that it must have been composed in the months directly preceding this.

The Italian libretto was written by Giulio Pancieri in Venice in 1691. Giuseppe Boninventi used it in his opera at the time. The translation used by Handel was made by Christian Feustking. While most of the recited parts and arias are sung in German, some remain untranslated.

Performance history

"Almira" was a resounding success. The opera was performed twenty times in total until its place was taken by Handel's next opera, "Nero", the music of which has not been preserved.

The first modern performance of "Almira" took place during the “Halleschen Händelfestspiele” (a festival dedicated to Handel) on the 4 June 1994, in Bad Lauchstädt.

Roles

Thus "Almira" is an exception amongst Handel's operas, in that changed voices are used for all the male roles..

Arrangements

In 1732 the piece was once more performed in a version edited by Georg Philipp Telemann.

In 1879 Franz Liszt composed a transcription of the Sarabande and Chaconne from the opening act of this opera for his English piano student Walter Bache. Noted by critics as one of the most striking of Liszt's late paraphrases as well as his only setting of a baroque piece from his late period, this work is said to anticipate Ferruccio Busoni's late-romantic settings of Bach.Baker, 103.] Australian Liszt scholar and pianist Leslie Howard has recorded this work as part of Hyperion Records' compleete Liszt series. [The recording can be found in Volume Six of the series, "Liszt at the Opera I," catalogue number CDA66371/2.]

References

Bibliography

* Baker, James M., ed. Kenneth Hamilton, "A survey of the late piano works," "The Cambridge Companion to Liszt" (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005). ISBN 0-521-64462-3 (paperback).
*citation|first=Winton|last=Dean|first2=J. Merrill|last2=Knapp|title=Handel's Operas, 1704-1726|publisher=Clarendon Press|year=1987
id=ISBN 0193152193
The first of the two volume definitive reference on the operas of Handel.
* [http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Almira_(Händel) Almira (Händel) in German Wikipedia]
*Lang, Paul Henry, "George Frideric Handel"
*Scheibler, Albert, "Sämtliche 53 Bühnenwerke des Georg Friedrich Händel"


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Almira — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Almira, Köningin von Castilien o Der in Krohnen erlangte Glückswechsel (HWV 1) es la primera ópera compuesta por Georg Friedrich Händel. Handel llegó a la ciudad de Hamburgo en el verano de 1703 y tocó el violín en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Almira — ist ein weiblicher Vorname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Der Vorname Almira ist ein Variante des Namens Elmira, der wiederum vom arabischen Amira „Fürstin“ abstammt.[1] Namensträgerinnen Almira Scripcenco, (* 1976), französische Schach und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Almira — Almira, WA U.S. town in Washington Population (2000): 302 Housing Units (2000): 154 Land area (2000): 0.520117 sq. miles (1.347098 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.520117 sq. miles (1.347098 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Almira, WA — U.S. town in Washington Population (2000): 302 Housing Units (2000): 154 Land area (2000): 0.520117 sq. miles (1.347098 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.520117 sq. miles (1.347098 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Almira — Nom d origine espagnole. Pourrait, comme le catalan Almera, désigner un lieu planté d ormes, mais c est loin d être une certitude …   Noms de famille

  • Almira — Der in Krohnen erlangte Glückswechsel, ou “Almira, Königin von Castilien” (HWV 1), est le premier opéra de Georg Friedrich Haendel. Création Arrivé à Hambourg à l été 1703, Haendel joue du violon au Gänsemarkt le marché de la ville puis du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Almira — noun in quiet use mainly in the 18th and 19th century. Almira was the only daughter of a worthy merchant in the city of London …   Wiktionary

  • Almira — Provenance. Prénom dérivé de Elmer. Vient du germain helm et mar Signifie : casque et célèbre Se fête le 28 août. Histoire. Saint Elmer est évêque de Reims au VIIème siècle. Son culte est important en Champagne, au Moyen Age. Personnage célèbre …   Dictionnaire des prénoms français, arabes et bretons

  • almira —   n. furniture for storing, e.g. cupboard or chest …   Dictionary of difficult words

  • Almira Scripcenco — Almira Scripcenco, 2010 Almira Scripcenco ([skriptʃenko], französisch auch Almira Skripchenko; * 17. Februar 1976 in Chișinău) ist eine französische Schachspielerin aus Mo …   Deutsch Wikipedia