Great Bear Wilderness

Great Bear Wilderness

Infobox_protected_area | name = Great Bear Wilderness
iucn_category = Ib

caption =
locator_x = 70
locator_y = 20
location = Montana, USA
nearest_city = Great Falls, MT
lat_degrees = 48
lat_minutes = 20
lat_seconds = 0
lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 114
long_minutes = 20
long_seconds = 0
long_direction = W
area = 286,700 acres
(1,160 km²)
established = 1978
visitation_num =
visitation_year =
governing_body = U.S. Forest Service
The Great Bear Wilderness is located in northern Montana, United States, within Lewis and Clark National Forest Created by an act of Congress in 1978, the wilderness comprises 286,700 acres (1,160 km²) and borders the Bob Marshall Wilderness on the north. The Great Bear and Bob Marshall Wildernesses, along with the Scapegoat Wilderness which borders the Bob Marshall to the south, collectively form the Bob Marshall Wilderness Complex, which is over 1.5 million acres (6,070 km²) of almost untouched landscape. Glacier National Park is separated from the Great Bear Wilderness by U.S. Highway 2.

U.S. Wilderness Areas do not allow motorized or mechanized vehicles, including bicycles. Although camping and fishing are allowed with proper permit, no roads or buildings are constructed and there is also no logging or mining, in compliance with the 1964 Wilderness Act. Wilderness areas within National Forests and Bureau of Land Management areas also allow hunting in season.

The Great Bear is located west of the Continental Divide which forms the eastern boundary. Great Northern Mountain (8,705 ft/2,653 m) is the highest peak in the wilderness which is dominated by dozens of other mountains, all part of the Rocky Mountain Front, a huge overthrust fault that spans for 400 miles (643 km) through Canada and Montana. Great Bear is the origination point of the wild and scenic designated Middle Fork of the Flathead River, which flows for 50 miles (80 km) through the wilderness and is rarely visited.

In the valleys a dense coniferous forest is dominated by various species of spruce, pine and fir. Living up to its name, the wilderness is prime grizzly bear habitat and has some of the most dense populations of the species anywhere in the lower 48 states. Black bears are more common however and there is a sizable number of black bears that are cinnamon colored here, which are often mistaken for grizzlies. Other mammals found in the wilderness include lynx, wolverine, mule deer, elk, moose, mountain goat, and bighorn sheep. There are few lakes in the wilderness, but over 500 miles (800 km) of named streams and rivers.

300 miles (480 km) of hiking trails exist in the wilderness, but many of them are poorly maintained. Much of the interior sections have no trails at all requiring travelers to have to bushwack. Visitors are urged when entering this remote landscape to be well versed in outdoor survival skills, have knowledge of the use of map and compass and to make sure someone knows where you're going and when you'll be back. Even on maintained trails frequent stream crossings are common and can be especially dangerous, particularly in the spring during snowmelt. For the most part, winter snows have completely melted by mid May, although higher terrain may continue to have small snowfields year round. Summertime brings pesky mosquitos and thunderstorms which often produce more lightning than rain. The winters are often bitter with deep snowfalls and frigid temperatures. This is a wilderness for the experienced adventurer but guided packtrips are available.

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Great Bear Wilderness — Sp Didžiųjų Lokių pirmýkštės gamtõs teritòrija Ap Great Bear Wilderness L JAV (Montana) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Great Bear — The term Great Bear can refer to:* Ursa Major, the constellation, whose name is the Latin for Great Bear . * Great Bear Lake, the largest lake in the Northwest Territories of Canada and the fourth largest in North America. * Great Bear Rainforest …   Wikipedia

  • Bear hunting — is the act of hunting bears. Bears have been hunted since prehistoric times for their meat and fur.BearsBears are large mammals in the order Carnivora. Although there are only eight living species of bear, they are widespread, appearing in a wide …   Wikipedia

  • Great Plains — a semiarid region E of the Rocky Mountains, in the U.S. and Canada. * * * Continental slope of central North America. It stretches from the Rio Grande at the U.S. Mexico border in the south to the Mackenzie River delta along the Arctic Ocean in… …   Universalium

  • Great Falls (Missouri River) — Great Falls of the Missouri River Black Eagle Falls and Dam in 1988 Location Cascade County, Montana, USA Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Great Moments With Mr. Lincoln — était une attraction conçue par Walt Disney et son équipe de WED Enterprises pour le pavillon de l état d Illinois à la Foire internationale de New York 1964 1965. Elle fut ensuite déménagée à Disneyland et ouvrit le 18 juillet 1965 le lendemain… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Great moments with mr. lincoln — était une attraction conçue par Walt Disney et son équipe de WED Enterprises pour le pavillon de l état d Illinois à la Foire internationale de New York 1964 1965. Elle fut ensuite déménagée à Disneyland et ouvrit le 18 juillet 1965 le lendemain… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln — Localisation Parc : Disneyland Zone : Main Street USA Lieu : Anaheim,   …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Great Salt Lake Council — serves northern Utah.Districts*City Creek District *Cottonwood District *Deseret Peak District *Eagle Peaks District *East Millcreek District *Farmington Bay District *Golden Eagle District *Granger District *Granite Trail District *Indian… …   Wikipedia

  • Great Lakes Council (Boy Scouts of America) — For the Australian local government area, see Great Lakes Council. Great Lakes Council Owner Boy Scouts of America …   Wikipedia