Alexandrian school


Alexandrian school

The Alexandrian school is a collective designation for certain tendencies in literature, philosophy, medicine, and the sciences that developed in the Hellenistic cultural center of Alexandria, Egypt around the 1st century. Alexandria was a remarkable center of learning due to the blending of Greek and Oriental influences, its favorable situation and commercial resources, and the enlightened energy of some of the Macedonian Dynasty of the Ptolemies ruling over Egypt. Much scholarly work was collected in the great Library of Alexandria during this time.

The name of "Alexandrian school" is also used to describe one of the 2 great schools of biblical interpretation in the early Christian church. They incorporated Greek Pagan philosophical beliefs from Plato's teachings into Christianity (Neoplatonism), and interpreted much of the Bible allegorically. It was established in Alexandria, in the late 2nd century. Many scholars regard Clement as the founder of the Alexandrian school of Christian theology, which emphasized the divine nature of Christ.Fact|date=February 2007

ee also

*Antiochian school
*Catechetical School of Alexandria


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  • alexandrian school — noun Usage: usually capitalized A Etymology: Alexandrian (I) 1. : the school of literature, science, and philosophy that flourished at Alexandria while that city was ruled by the Greeks and the Romans 2. : an ante Nicene school of patristic …   Useful english dictionary

  • Alexandrian School — The school of Platonism coupled with Christian elements that flourished in Alexandria for the two centuries before the city was captured by Arabs in 642. Its most famous member was Hypatia …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Alexandrian school —    This term refers to the theology associated with Alexandria (Egypt) since the second century. The principal theologians associated with this school (Clement of Alexandria, Origen, Athanasius, Cyril of Alexandria) emphasized the divinity of… …   Glossary of theological terms

  • School of Antioch — The School of Antioch was one of the two major centers of the study of biblical exegesis and theology; the other was the catechetical school of Alexandria. This group was known by this name because the advocates of this tradition were based in… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexandrian — is either: * an adjective referring to a place called Alexandria, as in Alexandrian text type * a person from and/or inhabiting a city called Alexandria * a member of a group of Alexandrians, equally associated with Alexandria, as an Ancient… …   Wikipedia

  • Catechetical School of Alexandria — The Catechetical School of Alexandria (founded c.a. 190) was and is a place for the training of Christian theologians and priests in Alexandria. The teachers and students of the school (also known as the Didascalium) were influential in many of… …   Wikipedia

  • Dogmatic school — The Dogmatic school of medicine (Dogmatics, or Dogmatici, Greek: Δογματικοί) was an ancient school of medicine in ancient Greece and Rome. They were the oldest of the medical sects of antiquity. They derived their name from dogma, a philosophical …   Wikipedia

  • Peripatetic school (The) — The Peripatetic school1 Robert W.Sharples THE HISTORY OF THE SCHOOL AND OF ARISTOTLE’S WRITINGS The history of Peripatetic philosophy after Aristotle falls into two phases, divided by the renewal of interest in the works we now possess after… …   History of philosophy

  • Fathers of the Church — • The word Father is used in the New Testament to mean a teacher of spiritual things, by whose means the soul of man is born again into the likeness of Christ: Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Fathers of the Church      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • patristic literature — Body of literature that comprises those works (excluding the New Testament) written by Christians before the 8th century. It refers to the works of the Church Fathers. Most patristic literature is in Greek or Latin, but much survives in Syriac… …   Universalium


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