Druzhina, Drużyna or Družyna (Russian and Ukrainian: Дружи́на, Druzhýna literally a "fellowship") in the medieval history of Slavic Europe was a retinue in service of a chieftain, also called knyaz. The name is derived from the Slavic word drug (друг) with the meaning of "companion, friend". 
In early Rus a druzhina helped the a prince administer his principality and constituted the area’s military force. The first members of a druzhina in Rus Khaganate were the Varangians, whose princes established control there in the 9th century. Soon members of the local Slavic aristocracy as well as adventurers of a variety of other nationalities became druzhinniki. The druzhina organization varied with time and survived in one form or another until the 16th century.
The druzhina was composed of two groups: the senior members, later known as boyars, and the junior members. The boyars were the prince’s closest advisers who also performed higher state functions. The junior members constituted the prince’s personal bodyguard and were common soldiers. Members were dependent upon their prince for financial support, but they served the prince freely and had the right to leave him and join the druzhina of another prince. As a result, a prince was inclined to seek the goodwill of his druzhina by paying the druzhinniki wages, shared his war booty and taxes with them, and eventually rewarded the boyars with landed estates, complete with rights to tax and administer justice to the local population.
Archeological findings at cemeteries in the vicinity of the castle of Ostrów Lednicki, near Poznan, has proven the presence of Norsemen in the area around 10th century, suggesting[says who?] that they played an important part the druzhina of Mieszko I, the de facto founder of the Polish state. Mieszko would later marry his daughter Świętosława (Sigrid) to the Danish king Sweyn Forkbeard. Mieszko's daughter would later give birth to Cnut the Great, king of Denmark, Sweden, Norway and conqueror of England. It is likely that the Polish-Norse relationship was a result of earlier trade and cooperation.
- ^ http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=droog
- ^ Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
- ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/172216/druzhina
- ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/317574/Kievan-Rus/
- ^ http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Druzhina
- ^ "Ibrāhīm ibn Ya‛qūb al-Isrā’īlī al-Ṭurṭūshī," by Lutz Richter-Bernburg, in: The Oxford Companion to World Exploration, David Buisseret, editor-in-chief, 2 vols., Oxford UP 2007, I:402b-403b
Garðaríki Names in italics are settlements whose Norse names are not recorded Volkhov-Volga trade route Dvina-Dnieper trade route Other locations Varangians · Kylfings · Rus' · Slavs · Merya · Bulgars · Khazars
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Druzhina — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Una druzhina (en ruso, дружина, druzhina), en la historia de los primeros eslavos orientales, fue una sección de tropas selectas para servicio particular de un caudillo, llamado más tarde knyaz. Sus funciones… … Wikipedia Español
druzhina — ▪ Russian history in early Rus, a prince s retinue, which helped him to administer his principality and constituted the area s military force. The first druzhinniki (members of a druzhina) in Rus were the Norse Varangians, whose princes… … Universalium
Druzhina — Droujina Droujina (en russe : Дружина) est un village russe, situé dans la république de Sakha (en Sibérie). Il est situé sur le fleuve Indiguirka. Portail de la Russie Ce document provient de « Droujina » … Wikipédia en Français
druzhina — … Useful english dictionary
Druzhina (disambiguation) — Druzhina may refer to: Druzhina, in the history of early East Slavs was a detachment of select troops in personal service of a chieftain, later knyaz Druzhina, Sakha Republic, a village in the Sakha Republic, Russia, a port on the Indigirka River … Wikipedia
Druzhina, Sakha Republic — For other uses of Druzhina , see Druzhina (disambiguation). Druzhina (Russian: Дружина) is a village in Abyysky Ulus of the Sakha Republic, Russia, a port by the left bank of the Indigirka River. It is located about 2,800 km northeast of… … Wikipedia
Voluntary People's Druzhina — ( ru. Добровольная Народная Дружина, Д НД, Dobrovolnaya Narodnaya Druzhina, DND) variously translated as Voluntary People’s Guard, People’s Volunteer Squads, People s Volunteer Militia, etc. were voluntary detachments for maintaining public order … Wikipedia
Maria Nikiforova — Maria Grigor evna Nikiforova Maria Nikiforova. Its origin unclear, this photo is believed to have been taken in Yelizavetgrad (c. 1918).[ … Wikipedia
Russkaya Pravda — Ruskaya Pravda ( ru. Русская правда, Russkaya Pravda ; Archaic: Правда Роська, Pravda Ros ka ; uk. Руська Правда, Rus ka Pravda ) was the legal code of Kievan Rus and the subsequent Rus principalities during the times of feudal division. While it … Wikipedia
Battle of Zawichost — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Zawichost date= June 19, 1205The Annals of Jan Długosz p. 153] or October 14, 1205 place=Zawichost, Poland result=Major victory for Lesser Poland combatant1=Lesser Poland combatant2=Galicia Volhynia… … Wikipedia