Teófilo Braga


Teófilo Braga

Infobox Officeholder
honorific-prefix =
name =Teófilo Braga
honorific-suffix =


imagesize =160px
caption =
order =
office =President of the Provisional Government of the Portuguese Republic
term_start =October 6, 1910
term_end =August 24, 1911
monarch =
president =
predecessor =King Manuel II
(as head of state)
António Teixeira de Sousa
(as head of government)
successor =Manuel de Arriaga
(as the 1st President of Portugal)
João Chagas
(as head of government)
order2 =2nd
office2 =President of Portugal
term_start2 =May 29, 1915
term_end2 =October 15, 1915
predecessor2 =Manuel de Arriaga
successor2 =Bernardino Machado
birth_date =birth date|1843|2|24|mf=y
birth_place =Ponta Delgada, Azores Islands, Portugal
death_date =death date and age|1924|1|28|1843|2|24|mf=y
death_place =Lisbon, Portugal
party =Portuguese Republican Party
(later Democratic Party)
spouse = Maria do Carmo Xavier
relations =
children = Joaquim, Maria da Graça and Teófilo Braga (all died young)
residence =
alma_mater =University of Coimbra
occupation =Lecturer of Literature
Writer
profession =
religion =


website =
footnotes =

Joaquim Teófilo Fernandes Braga, commonly known as Teófilo (sometimes Theophilo) Braga (pronounced|tiˈɔfilu ˈbɾagɐ; Ponta Delgada, Azores, February 24 1843-Lisbon, January 28 1924), was a Portuguese politician, writer and playwright. His debut in literature was "Folhas Verdes" (Green Leaves). He graduated in Law from the University of Coimbra and soon departed to Lisbon in 1872 where he taught literature. Of his literary career one can find book on history of literature, ethnography (mainly his search on popular stories and tradicional songs), poetry, fiction and philosophy.

He married in 1878 Maria do Carmo Xavier (Porto, November 14, 1841 - September 14, 1911), sister of Júlio de Matos, and had three children, all of whom died young: Joaquim, who died in childhood, Maria da Graça and Teófilo Braga.

Politics

Teófilo Braga became active in Portuguese politics in 1878, when he ran for deputy representing the federalist republicans. He occupied many posts in the structure of the Portuguese Republican Party. On January 1 1910 he became an effective member of the Politics Directory of the party joining Basílio Teles, Eusébio Leão, José Cupertino Ribeiro and José Relvas.

On August 28 1910 he was elected deputy for Lisbon and on October 5 of the same year, with the Proclamation of the Republic, he became President of the Provisional Government. His political career ended after serving briefly as President of the Republic, replacing Manuel de Arriaga between May 29 and August 4 1915. He is buried at the Jerónimos Monastery in Belém, near Lisbon.

Bibliography

Poetry

* Visão dos Tempos (1864)
* Tempestades Sonoras (1864)
* Torrentes (1869)
* Miragens Seculares (1884)
* Poesia do Direito ( 1865 )

Fiction

* Contos Fantásticos (1865)
* Viriato (1904)

Essays

* As Teorias Literárias - Relance sobre o Estado Actual da Literatura Portuguesa (1865)
* História da Poesia Moderna em Portugal (1869)
* História da Literatura Portuguese (Introdução) (1870)
* História do Teatro Português (1870-1871) - 4 volumes
* Teoria da História da Literatura Portuguesa (1872)
* Manual da História da Literatura Portuguesa (1875)
* Bocage, sua Vida e Época (1877)
* Parnaso Português Moderno (1877)
* Traços gerais da Filosofia Positiva (1877)
* História do Romantismo em Portugal (1880)
* Sistema de Sociologia (1884)
* Camões e o Sentimento Nacional (1891)
* História da Universidade de Coimbra (1891-1902) - 4 volumes
* História da Literatura Portuguesa (1909-1918) - 4 volumes

Antologies and researches

* Antologias: Cancioneiro Popular (1867)
* Contos Tradicionais do Povo Português (1883)

ee also

* List of Presidents of Portugal
* List of Prime Ministers of Portugal
* Portuguese First Republic
* History of Portugal
* Timeline of Portuguese history (First Republic)
* Politics of Portugal
* Culture of Portugal
*

Ancestors

Persondata
NAME=Braga, Teófilo
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=Joaquim Teófilo Fernandes Braga
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Portuguese president
DATE OF BIRTH=February 24, 1843
PLACE OF BIRTH=Ponta Delgada, São Miguel Island, Azores Islands, Portugal
DATE OF DEATH=January 28, 1924
PLACE OF DEATH=Lisbon, Portugal


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Look at other dictionaries:

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