Asperges


Asperges

:"For the autism spectrum disorder, see Asperger syndrome."

Asperges is a name given to the rite of sprinkling a congregation with holy water. The name comes from the first word in the 9th verse of Psalm 51 in the Latin translation, the Vulgate, which is sung during the Traditional form of the rite, except during Eastertide. The 51st Psalm is also one of the antiphons that may be sung in the rite under the Mass of Paul VI.

Mass of Paul VI

"On Sundays, especially in Eastertide, the blessing of holy water and sprinkling with it may be carried out in memory of baptism ... If the rite is performed within Mass it takes the place of the usual penitential act at the beginning of the Mass" (Roman Missal "Ordo ad faciendam et aspergendam aquam benedictam", 1).

In the Roman Catholic Church, the priest blesses the water with one of the three prayers proposed (one of which is reserved for Eastertide). He may also bless salt and put it in the water, if local conditions or custom of the people favours doing so. Then he takes a sprinkler (called in Latin and sometimes in English an "aspersorium", [
* During Eastertide
** and But other suitable hymns are permitted.

Traditional Form

Where the 1962 Missal is used, the "Asperges" is done before the principal Mass on Sunday. The "Asperges" is so called from the words intoned at the beginning of the ceremony, taken from Psalm 51, throughout the year except at Eastertide, when "Vidi aquam", with Psalm 117, is intoned. It precedes every other ceremony that may take place before the Mass, such as the blessing of palms or of candles. It is performed by the celebrant priest wearing vestments of the liturgical color of the day. It is omitted when the Blessed Sacrament is exposed, though many rubricists think that the sprinkling of the altar only, not of the congregation, should then be omitted. After intoning the antiphon the priest recites the psalm "Miserere" or "Confitemini", according to the season, sprinkling first the front and platform of the altar, then himself, next the ministers and choir, and lastly the congregation, usually walking through the main part of the church, though he need not go beyond the gate of the sanctuary or choir. The ceremony has been in use at least from the tenth century, growing out of the custom of early antiquity of blessing water for the faithful on Sundays. Its object is to prepare the congregation for the celebration of the Mass by moving them to sentiments of penance and reverence suggested by the words of the 51st psalm, or by impressing on them that they are about to assist at the sacrifice of our redemption as suggested in the psalm used at Easter time.

Both the "Asperges" and the "Vidi aquam" are structured like the Introit of the Tridentine Mass: 1st verse (which includes Alleluias in Eastertide), 2nd verse (always from the Psalms), Gloria Patri (omitted in Passiontide), and then the 1st verse again.

Eastern Orthodox

In the Eastern Orthodox Church and those Eastern Catholic Churches which follow the Byzantine Rite, the sprinkling of holy water takes place on numerous occasions. The most important is on the Great Feast of Theophay (Epiphany) following the Great Blessing of Waters at the end of the Divine Liturgy. [Citation
last =Kallistos (Ware)
first =Bishop
author-link =Timothy Ware
last2=Mary
first2=Mother
author2-link=
contribution =
year =1969
publication-date=1984
title =The Festal Menaion
editor-last =
editor-first =
editor-link=
edition=
volume =
series =
pages =55ff
place =London
publisher =Faber and Faber
id =
isbn =0-571-11137-8
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] The Great Blessing takes place twice: once on the Eve of the feast, and once on the day of the feast. At both blessings, the priest sprinkles the entire temple (church building) and the faithful. He then begins the process of going to each family's home to sprinke it with the blessed "Theophany water".

Some monasteries and churches have the tradition of blessing holy water and sprinkling on the first day of each month. There are also several feast days during the year when sprinkling with holy water is prescribed, such as Bright Friday (Friday in Easter Week), the Feast of the Procession of the Cross on the first day of the Dormition Fast, and the Feast of Mid-Pentecost (25 days after Easter), when the fields are blessed with holy water. Certain ceremonies will also call for the blessing of holy water, such as the consecration of a church.

The form of aspergillum (holy water sprinkler) may differ from place to place. The Greek Orthodox will use a "randistirion" which is a standing vessel with a tapered lid. The tip of the lid is pierced with small holes, from which the holy water is sprinkled. The Russian Orthodox will use a whisk made of cotton, straw or hair from which the holy water is flung.

The blessing takes place at a holy water font or baptismal font which has been placed in the center of the temple. There are two types of blessings: the Great Blessing of Waters (used on Theophany) and the Lesser Blessing of Waters (used at other times). After blessing the holy water, the priest will bless himself and drink some of the holy water. He then stands next to the holy water font holding a blessing cross in his left hand and the aspergillum in his right. Each of the clergy and faithful come forward, drink a little of the newly-blessed holy water and then kiss the cross in the priest's hand as he sprinkles them on the head with holy water. During this process, the choir will chant hymns, which differ depending upon the type of blessing being celebrated. He will also sprinkle the sanctuary and the entire church.

External links

* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01793a.htm Asperges] from "The Catholic Encyclopedia"
* [http://www.transfigcathedral.org/faith/Bulgakov/0016.pdf Holy Theophany of the Lord God and our Savior Jesus Christ] from "Handbook for Church Servers", by S. V. Bulgakov
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=56eGD-eo85E Video of the 'Vidi Aquam' before Mass] and Introit 'Jubilate Deo omnis terra' from 3rd Sunday after Easter.

References

*1911
*CE


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • aspergès — [ aspɛrʒɛs ] n. m. • 1352; lat. asperges « tu aspergeras » ♦ Liturg. cathol. Goupillon qui sert à l aspersion. ⇒ aspersoir. ♢ (1535) Moment de l office où le prêtre fait l aspersion d eau bénite. ● aspergès nom masculin (latin asperges, tu… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Asperges me — est le nom d une antienne grégorienne. La première partie de cette antienne (Asperges me ... dealbabor) est le verset 9 du Psaume 51. La deuxième partie (Miserere mei ... Tuam) est le verset 3 de ce même Psaume. Elle est chantée chaque dimanche… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Asperges — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Asperges, canto introductorio a la misa dominical de la religión católica. Extraido del salmo 50,9 3 y por el cual los fieles piden a Dios ser purificados para así ser dignos de participar en el rito de la eucaristía …   Wikipedia Español

  • Asperges — • The rite of sprinkling the congregation with holy water before the principal Mass on Sunday Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Asperges     Asperges      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • asperges — ASPERGES. s. m. (On pronon. l S finale.) Goupillon à jeter de l eaubénite. Présenter l aspergès. Dans cette acception, il est du style familier. Il se dit aussi Du temps où se fait la cérémonie de jeter de l eau bénite. On en est à l aspergès …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • asperges — 1550s, from L. asperges, 2nd person singular future indicative of aspergere to scatter, strew upon, sprinkle, from ad to (see AD (Cf. ad )) + spargere to sprinkle (see SPARSE (Cf. sparse)). The word is taken from the phrase Asperges me, Domine,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • aspergés — Aspergés. s. m. Goupillon à jetter de l eau beniste. Jetter de l eau beniste avec l aspergés. On dit fig. Donner de l aspergés à quelqu un, pour dire, Le moüiller, luy jetter de l eau par divertissement. Il est bas …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • asperges — (Del lat. asperges, rociarás, primera palabra de esta antífona). 1. m. coloq. Antífona que dice el sacerdote al rociar con agua bendita el altar y la congregación de fieles. 2. coloq. hisopo (ǁ utensilio usado en las iglesias). 3. coloq. hisopo… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Asperges me — ist der Name eines gregorianischen Chorals, der zur Austeilung des Weihwassers gesungen wird. Obwohl er auch heute noch im deutschen Gesangbuch (Gotteslob) der römisch katholischen Kirche Kirche zu finden ist, wird er wenig verwendet. Dies liegt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • asperges — s. m. 2 núm. 1. Aspersão de água benta. 2. O mesmo que hissope. 3. capa de asperges: capa que o sacerdote veste durante a aspersão da água benta. = PLUVIAL   ‣ Etimologia: forma da segunda pessoa do singular do presente do indicativo latim… …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Asperges — [äs per′jez΄, ə spʉr′jēz΄] n. [2d pers. sing., fut. indic. of L aspergere: see ASPERSE] R.C.Ch. 1. [also a ] the sprinkling of altar, clergy, and people with holy water before High Mass 2. a hymn sung during this ceremony, beginning Asperges me …   English World dictionary