Rehabilitation (Soviet)


Rehabilitation (Soviet)

Rehabilitation ( _ru. реабилитация) in the context of Soviet or Russian topics is often a linguistic false cognate used to translate the Russian term "reabilitatsiya" as applied to convicted persons (as opposed to the political rehabilitation of party officials). The term was designed to be used in place of "exoneration" or "exculpation", to avoid implications of State's culpability in unjust persecution.

Rehabilitation of the victims of Soviet repressions

Mass rehabilitation of the started after the death of Joseph Stalin. Initially, in 1953, it was in the form of amnesty for those who had been sentenced for a term of at most 5 years. The regular release of political prisoners from Gulag labor camps started in 1954. This release became coupled with exonerations after Khrushchev's denunciation of Stalinism in his 1956 speech "On the Personality Cult and its Consequences".

In most cases, the persons were released with the phrase: "due to the lack of a proof of guilt", rather than "due to the lack of a criminal matter". Many rehabilitations occurred posthumously.

Further reading

Adler, N. "The Gulag Survivor: Beyond the Soviet System". New Brunswick, USA/London: Transaction Publishers, 2002.

Iakovlev, A. (ed.) "Reabilitatsiia: politicheskie protsessy 30-50-kh godov". Moscow: Politizdat, 1991.

Smith, K. "Remembering Stalin’s Victims: Popular Memory and the End of the USSR". Cornell University Press, 1996.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rehabilitation — or Rehab may refer to: * Rehabilitation and Research Centre for Torture Victims *Drug rehabilitation, for dependency on psychoactive substances such as alcohol, prescription drugs, and illicit drugs such as cocaine, heroin or amphetamines *Fire… …   Wikipedia

  • Soviet political repression — Soviet political repressions was a de facto and de jure system of prosecution of people who were or perceived to be enemies of the Soviet system. From the beginning its theoretical basis were the theory of Marxism about the class struggle and the …   Wikipedia

  • Soviet historiography — is the history of the academic study of history as written by scholars of the Soviet Union. [It is not the history of the Soviet Union. See definitions of historiography for more details.] Soviet history mostly served to promote Communist… …   Wikipedia

  • Soviet–Japanese Neutrality Pact — Soviet Japanese Neutrality Pact, 13 April 1941 …   Wikipedia

  • Rehabilitation Project Force — Infobox Organization size = 200px caption = RPF Members in Los Angeles name = Rehabilitation Project Force formation = January 1974 type = Rehabilitation for Scientology status = Non profit purpose = headquarters = Hemet, California, USA leader… …   Wikipedia

  • Soviet invasion of Poland — This article is about the invasion in 1939. For the Soviet invasion of Poland in 1920, see Polish Soviet War. Soviet invasion of Poland Part of the invasion of Poland in World War II …   Wikipedia

  • Soviet Union in World War II — Stalin, U.S.President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill at the Tehran Conference, November 1943 …   Wikipedia

  • Soviet space program conspiracy accusations — The Lost Cosmonauts, or Phantom Cosmonauts, are cosmonauts who allegedly entered outer space, but whose existence has never been acknowledged by either the Soviet or Russian space authorities. Proponents of the Lost Cosmonauts theory concede that …   Wikipedia

  • List of Soviet agents in the United States — List of Soviet agents in the United StatesThis is a list of spies who worked for the Soviet Union, Warsaw Pact nations, and Soviet aligned countries in the United States. The list is based on categorization of .Czechoslovakia (StB)*Karl Koecher,… …   Wikipedia

  • Drug rehabilitation — Intervention ICD 9 CM 94.64 Drug rehabilitation (often drug rehab or just rehab) is a term for the processes of medical and/or psychotherapeutic treatment, for dependency on psychoactive substances such as alcohol, prescription drugs, and so… …   Wikipedia