- Rehabilitation (Soviet)
Rehabilitation ( _ru. реабилитация) in the context of Soviet or
Russian topics is often a linguistic false cognateused to translate the Russian term "reabilitatsiya" as applied to convicted persons (as opposed to the political rehabilitationof party officials). The term was designed to be used in place of " exoneration" or " exculpation", to avoid implications of State's culpability in unjust persecution.
Rehabilitation of the victims of Soviet repressions
Mass rehabilitation of the started after the death of
Joseph Stalin. Initially, in 1953, it was in the form of amnestyfor those who had been sentenced for a term of at most 5 years. The regular release of political prisoners from Gulaglabor camps started in 1954. This release became coupled with exonerations after Khrushchev's denunciation of Stalinismin his 1956 speech " On the Personality Cult and its Consequences".
In most cases, the persons were released with the phrase: "due to the lack of a proof of guilt", rather than "due to the lack of a criminal matter". Many rehabilitations occurred posthumously.
Adler, N. "The Gulag Survivor: Beyond the Soviet System". New Brunswick, USA/London: Transaction Publishers, 2002.
Iakovlev, A. (ed.) "Reabilitatsiia: politicheskie protsessy 30-50-kh godov". Moscow: Politizdat, 1991.
Smith, K. "Remembering Stalin’s Victims: Popular Memory and the End of the USSR". Cornell University Press, 1996.
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