Illegalism

Illegalism

:"Not to be confused with the concept of "popular illegalisms" created by Michel Foucault in "Discipline and Punish"."

Illegalism is an anarchist philosophy that developed primarily in France, Italy, Belgium, and Switzerland during the early 1900s as an outgrowth of anarchist individualism. The illegalists openly embraced criminality as a lifestyle.

Illegalism first rose to prominence among a generation of Europeans inspired by the unrest of the 1890s, during which Ravachol, Émile Henry, Auguste Vaillant, and Caserio committed daring crimes in the name of anarchism, in what is known as propaganda of the deed.

Influenced by theorist Max Stirner's egoism, the illegalists broke from anarchists like Clément Duval and Marius Jacob who justified theft with a theory of la reprise individuelle ("Eng: individual reclamation"). Instead, the illegalists argued that their actions required no moral basis - illegal acts were taken not in the name of a higher ideal, but in pursuit of one's own desires.

France's Bonnot Gang was the most famous group to embrace illegalism.

Criticism

Advocacy of illegalism proved to be highly controversial and was contested within the anarchist milieu, particularly by those who favored anarcho-syndicalism over individual actions disconnected from the labor movement. Many socialists argued that illegalism replicated the mentality of capitalism and represented a turn towards nihilism.

Following his arrest for harbouring members of the Bonnot Gang, Victor Serge, once a forceful defender of illegalism became a sharp critic. In "Memoirs of a Revolutionary", he describes illegalism as "a collective suicide". [" [http://www.marxists.org/archive/serge/1945/memoirs/ch01a.htm Memoirs of a Revolutionary] ", by Victor Serge] Similarly, Marius Jacob reflected in 1948, "I don't think that illegalism can free the individual in present-day society... Basically, illegalism, considered as an act of revolt, is more a matter of temperament than of doctrine." [ [http://recollectionbooks.com/siml/library/illegalistsDougImrie.htm The "Illegalists"] , by Doug Imrie (published by )]

Contemporary individualist and egoist anarchists such as Fred Woodworth (editor and publisher of the journal "The Match!"), Joe Peacott and Larry Gambone are also highly critical of illegalism on grounds that it is unethical.

References

See also

* Insurrectionary anarchism
* Post-left anarchy
* Propaganda of the deed

Further reading

*
*
* " [http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/sartre/1972/illegalisme.htm On Illegalism and Ultra-Leftism] ". Philippe Gavi, J-P Sartre, & Pierre Victor. Gallimard, Paris, 1974
* [http://www.archive.org/details/bonnot_gang "The Bonnot Gang: The Story of the French Illegalists"]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • History of anarchism — Part of the Politics series on Anarchism …   Wikipedia

  • Anarchist schools of thought — Part of the Politics series on Anarchism …   Wikipedia

  • Individualism — Part of a series on Individualism …   Wikipedia

  • Propaganda of the deed — (or propaganda by the deed , from the French propagande par le fait ) is a concept that promotes physical violence against political enemies as a way of inspiring the masses and catalyzing revolution. It is based on the principles of anarchy and… …   Wikipedia

  • Anarchist communism — Not to be confused with Libertarian communism or Libertarian Communism (journal) . Part of a series on Anarcho C …   Wikipedia

  • Bonnot Gang — The Bonnot Gang ( La Bande à Bonnot ) was a French criminal anarchist group that operated in France and Belgium during the Belle Époque, from 1911 to 1912. Comprised of individuals who identified with the emerging illegalist milieu , the gang… …   Wikipedia

  • Clément Duval — (1850 – 1935) was a famous French anarchist and criminal. His ideas concerning individual reclamation were greatly influential in later shaping illegalism. Duval served as a member of the fifth infantry battalion in the Franco Prussian War, where …   Wikipedia

  • Liste des théories philosophiques — Les écoles de philosophie ont eu des théories philosophiques variées, elles sont listées ci dessous. Sommaire : Haut A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Absolutism  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Anarcho-capitalism — Part of the Politics series on Anarchism …   Wikipedia

  • Emma Goldman — Goldman circa 1911 Full name Emma Goldman Born June 27, 1869(1869 06 27) Kovno, Russian Empire Died May 14 …   Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»