PZL W-3 Sokół


PZL W-3 Sokół

Infobox Aircraft
name=PZL W-3 Sokół


caption=One of W-3 Sokół armed versions, "Airshow 2005" in Radom
type=Multipurpose utility helicopter
manufacturer=PZL-Świdnik
designer=
first flight= 16 November 1979
introduced=1985
retired=
status= In service
primary user=Polish Armed Forces
more users=Czech Air Force Myanmar Air Force
produced=
number built=~150
unit cost=
variants with their own articles =

The PZL W-3 "Sokół" (Polish for "Falcon") is a Polish medium-size, twin-engine, multipurpose helicopter manufactured by PZL-Świdnik.

Development

The W-3 "Sokół" ('Falcon') is the first helicopter to be fully designed and serial-built in Poland, and is PZL's most promising sales prospect in the near future.

Work on the project was started at WSK PZL Świdnik in 1973 by the team of Stanisław Kamiński. The Sokół made its first flight on November 16 1979, and has since been certificated in Poland, Russia, the US and Germany. Following a fairly protracted development program, low rate production of the Sokół commenced during 1985. Initial sales of the general purpose Sokół were within Poland and in the Eastern Bloc, before the collapse of Communism allowed PZL Swidnik to broaden its sales base. To do this PZL Swidnik developed the improved W3A Sokół aimed at achieving Western certification. Certification to US FAR Pt 29 standards was granted in May 1993, while German certification was granted in December of that year.

The Sokół is of conventional design and construction, with two PZL-10W turboshafts, which are based on the PZL-10S - licensed Russian designed TVD-10B turboprops that power the Polish-built An-28. Composites are used in the three-bladed tail and four-bladed main rotors.

The Sokół is offered in a number of variants and is capable of performing a typical range of helicopter missions, including passenger transport, VIP, cargo, EMS, medevac, firefighting and search and rescue.

The 100th Sokół was completed in June 1996.

Combat history

*Iraq War (March 2003-present)Since 2003 four W-3WA were used by the Independent Air Attack Group ( _pl. Samodzielna Grupa Powietrzno-Szturmowa) of the Polish forces in Iraq. One of them (serial number 360902) crashed in an accident near Karbala on 15 December 2004. Three soldiers died, three were wounded. [ [http://www.money.pl/archiwum/wiadomosci_agencyjne/pap/artykul/proces;pilota;sokola;rozbitego;w;iraku;-;wyrok;za;miesiac,2,0,229890.html Proces pilota Sokoła rozbitego w Iraku - wyrok za miesiąc ] ]

Variants

externalimage|topic=Interestinfg W-3 variants:|align=right|width=190px

http://www.lotnictwo.net/foto.php?id=123615 W-3RR Procjon #0720]

http://www.lotnictwo.net/foto.php?id=127824 W-3PSOT #0816]

http://www.airfoto.pl/index.php?module=Photos&action=Single&id_ph=52127&size=2 W-3PL "Głuszec" #0901]

http://www.lotnictwo.net/foto.php?id=112527 W-3WA #0911 Tallil Air Base, Iraq]

http://www.lotnictwo.net/foto.php?id=112668 four W-3WA Tallil Air Base, Iraq]

Civil Versions

Civil production versions.

;W-3 "Sokół":Basic civil multi-purpose version.;W-3A "Sokół":Version with certificate FAR-29.;W-3AS "Sokół":W-3 airframe converted to W-3A standard.;W-3A2 "Sokół":Version with two-axsis Smith SN 350 autopilot.;W-3AM "Sokół":Civil version with floats.

Military Versions

Military production versions.

;W-3T "Sokół":Basic (unarmed) transport variant used by Polish, Czech and Myanmar Air Force.;W-3P "Sokół":Military passenger version used by Polish Navy.;W-3S "Sokół":VIP transport version used by Polish Air Force.;W-3W "Sokół":Armed version, with twin 23mm GSz-23Ł cannon and four pylons for weapons used by Polish Land Forces.;W-3WA "Sokół":Same like W-3W but based on new W-3A airframe, used by Polish Land Forces.;W-3R "Sokół":Medical evacuation version used by Polish and Czech Air Force.;W-3RL "Sokół":Land search and rescue version used by Polish Air Force.;W-3RM "Anakonda":Navalized search and rescue version used by Polish Navy.;W-3WARM "Anakonda":Same like W-3RM but based on new W-3A airframe. Used by Polish Navy.;W-3PSOT / W-3PPD "Gipsówka":W-3PPD was a flying command centre variant (PPD stands for "Powietrzny Punkt Dowodzenia" - "Airborne Command Post"). In 2006 this variant received new digital battlefield (after modernization helicopter is able to guide artillery equipped with Topaz fire control system) and observation systems and was adopted by Polish Land Forces Aviation under new name W-3PSOT (PSOT stands for "Powietrzne Stanowisko Obserwacji Terenu" - "Airborne Observation Post"). This variant is equipped with pylons for weapons (same like in W-3W) but has no 23mm fixed canon. Used by Polish Land Forces.;W-3RR "Procjon":Radioelectronic reconnaissance version (RR stands for "Rozpoznanie Radioelektroniczne" - "Radioelectronic Reconnaissance"). Used by Polish Land Forces.

Prototypes and proposals

Prototypes and proposals that were not adopted by Armed Forces.

;W-3B "Jastrząb":Proposed armed version with guided AT rockets. Never build and never used by Polish Army.;W-3K "Huzar":Proposed armed version with guided AT rockets. Modification of Kentron company tested in South Africa in early 1990s.;W-3L "Sokół Long":Proposed stretched version seating up to 14 passengers, mockup only.;W-3MS "Sokół":Proposed gunship version;W-3U "Salamandra":Armed version, with avionics and armament from Mi-24W. Only one built, later converted into transport variant and sold to Myanmar.;W-3U-1 "Aligator":Proposed anti-submarine version.;W-3WB "Huzar":Proposed armed version with guided AT rockets. Never build and never used by Polish Army.;W-3WS "Sokół":Proposed gunship version.

Głuszec upgrade program

"Głuszec" (Polish for "Capercaillie") is a PZL W-3 upgrade program to bring Sokół to XXI century standards. The first prototype (s/n: 360901) should be delivered to Polish Land Forces Aviation this year. "Głuszec" improvements over standard W-3WA variant::* new digital avionics system:* multi-function display (MFD) based cockpit:* engines with Full Authority Digital Electronics Control (FADEC):* head-up display (HUD):* forward looking infrared (FLIR) imager:* new defense systems (IR countermeasure and Chaff/Flare dispenser):* all new electronic system integrated around new Mission Computer:* air conditioning and composite armor for pilots cabin:* new weapons: 12,7mm WKM-B machinegun in moving turret (instead of fixed 23mm canon):* new guided missiles; SPIKE ER Helicopter Weapon System:* new unguided rockets pods with 70mm rockets (compatible with Hydras):* probably new ATGMs (not confirmed):* new main rotor (first prototye 0901 is using old rotor)

;W-3PL "Sokół":New armed transport/combat support variant for Air Cavalry unit. Polish Army ordered 22 helicopters in this variant as an upgrade of existing W-3W / W-3WA airframes.

;W-3CSAR "Sokół":Special transport/search and rescue variant equipped with advanced observation and enchanted survivability systems. Polish Army ordered 4 helicopters in this variant to support (C)SAR and special operations.

Operators

Military operators

;CZE
*Czech Air Force received 11 W-3A aircraft in exchange for 10 MiG-29 fighters.;IRQ
*Iraqi Air Force received two W-3A (serialled 370912 and 370914) aircraft in 2006 but contract was rejected and both helicopters were returned to PZL Świdnik and sold to Polish Air Force.;MYA
*Myanmar Air Force received 13 aircraft - 12 W-3 and 1 W-3UT.;POL
*Polish Air Force
** "36. Specjalny Pułk Lotnictwa Transportowego"
*Polish Land Forces Aviation
** "47. Szkolny Pułk Śmigłowców"
** "66. Dywizjon Lotniczy"
** "3. Eskadra Lotnictwa Transportowo-Łącznikowego"
** "Samodzielna Grupa Powietrzno-Szturmowa" operating in Iraq.
** GROM special forces operated one W-3SP (serial 390510) aircraft.
*Polish Navy
** "1. Dywizjon Lotnictwa Marynarki Wojennej"
** "28. Eskadra Lotnictwa Marynarki Wojennej"
** "29. Eskadra Lotnictwa Marynarki Wojennej"

Law Enforcement operators

;GER
*"Police" of Saxony bought 2 W-3A (serialled 370503 and 370708 and registered respectively D-HSNA and D-HSNB) aircraft.;POL
*"Policja"
*Polish Border Guard;flag|Ras al-Khaimah
*Ras Al Khaimah Police operated W-3A (serial 370515) aircraft.;KOR
*Daegu Fire Department operated W-3A (serial 370802) aircraft.
*Choong Nam Fire Department received W-3AM (serial 370814) aircraft.

Civil operators

;ITA
*Eliwork bought one W-3AM (serial 370705, I-SOKL)and one W-3AS (serial 310314, I-SOKO) aircraft.;NGR
*Okada Air bought one W-3 (serial 310413) aircraft registered as 5N-UYI.;POL
*Heliseco
*"Lotnicze Górskie Pogotowie Ratunkowe" received W-3RL (serial 370502) aircraft.
*Petrobaltic Gdańsk bought W-3RM (serial 390513) aircraft.
*PZL Świdnik owns several aircraft for test duties.
*"Tatrzańskie Ochotnicze Pogotowie Ratunkowe" received W-3A (serial 370507) aircraft.;POR
*Helibravo operated one W-3AM aircraft registered as CS-HFA.;RUS
*PANH Company bought W-3 (serial 310801) aircraft.;RSA
*Denel operated one W-3K aircraft registered as ZU-AGU.;KOR
*Helikorea bought W-3A (serial 370509) aircraft.
*Citi Air bought W-3AM (serial 370514) aircraft.;USSR
*Aeroflot operated 20 aircraft, most were transferred to Heliseco company.;ESP
*Helibravo bought W-3A2 (serial 370508) and W-3AM (370705) aircraft.
*"Hispanica de Aviacion" bought 9 aircraft - 5 W-3AS, 3 W-3AM and 1 W-3A.;VNM
*T.C.T. Bay Dich Vu Vietnam bought W-3AM (serial 370804) aircraft.

pecifications (W-3A)

aircraft specifications

plane or copter?=copter
jet or prop?=prop

ref=

crew= 1 or 2 (pilots or pilot and flight engineer)
capacity= 12 passengers
**SAR: three medical attendants and eight rescued survivors
**Air Ambulance: four stretchers and one medical attendant
**EMS: one stretcher and medical attendants
**Executive: five or six passengers
length main= 14.21 m
length alt= 46 ft 8 in
span main= 15.70 m
span alt= 51 ft 6 in
height main= 5.14 m
height alt= 16 ft 10 in
area main= 193.6 m²
area alt= 2,034 ft²
airfoil=
empty weight main= 3,850 kg
empty weight alt= 8,488 lb
loaded weight main=
loaded weight alt=
*Max sling load weight: 2,100 kg (4,630 lb)
useful load main= kg
useful load alt= kg
max takeoff weight main= 6,400 kg
max takeoff weight alt= 14,110 lb
more general=

engine (prop)=WSKPZL Rzeszów PZL-10W
type of prop=turboshaft
number of props= 2
power main= 670 kW
power alt= 900 shp
power original=

max speed main= 260 km/h, 161 mph
max speed alt= knots
cruise speed main= 234 km/h, 145 mph
cruise speed alt= 131 knots
never exceed speed main=
never exceed speed alt=
range main= 745 km
range alt= 402 nm, 463 mi)
*Aux. fuel range: 1,290 km, 801 mi, (696 nm)
ceiling main= 5,100 m
ceiling alt= 19,680 ft
climb rate main= 10 m/s
climb rate alt= 2,008 ft/min
loading main= kg/m²
loading alt= lb/ft²
thrust/weight=
power/mass main= W/kg
power/mass alt= hp/lb
more performance=

armament=

avionics=

References

* [http://www.helicopter-database.net PZL W-3 Production List]
* [http://www.helicopter-database.net/photo.php PZL W-3 Photo Gallery]

External links

ee also

aircontent
related=

similar=
*Bell 212

lists=

sequence=
SM-1 - SM-2 - Mi-2 - PZL Kania - PZL W-3 Sokół - PZL SW-4 Puszczyk

see also=


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