Horwich Works


Horwich Works

Horwich railway works was built in 1886 by the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway in Horwich, near Bolton, in the North West of England when it moved from its original works at Miles Platting.

Early production

The first engine was a 2-4-2 tank engine designed by John Aspinall. This locomotive was No. 1008 which is now preserved at the National Railway Museum. By 1899 a further 677 locomotives were built, and another 220 under Henry Hoy.

In 1901, the Aspinall-designed 'Atlantic' 4-4-2 express locomotive was introduced and, by 1907 Horwich produced its thousandth engine, a four cylinder compound 0-8-0.

Takeover

In 1923 when the railway became part of the LMS, its Chief Mechanical Engineer was George Hughes who remained at Horwich. In 1926 he was responsible for a 2-6-0 locomotive which had an unusual appearance for the time, which became known as the "Horwich Crab." It was extremely successful - about 245 were built, and many lasted into the 1960s. Three of the four future Chief Mechanical Engineers of the post-grouping railways learned their craft at Horwich: Nigel Gresley, Henry Fowler and Richard Maunsell, as well as Alliott Verdon-Roe who went on to found the Avro aeroplane company.

During World War II, the works built nearly 500 Cruiser, Centaur and Matilda tanks.

Nationalisation and closure

After the of 1948, twenty new BR standard class 4 2-6-0 tender engines were built. The last steam engine was built at Horwich in 1957 and the last locomotive (number 48756) overhauled on May the 4th 1964. Horwich did continue as a works for other rolling stock up to 1983. The foundry and the spring shop continued in use after this date, though the work force was reduced from 1400 to 300. In this form it was sold by BREL to the Parkfield Group in 1988. The rail connection was finally removed in 1989.

The site is now an industrial estate, appropriately named "Horwich Loco", with most of the buildings still in use.

ee also

*Horwich

References

* Simmons, J., (1986) "The Railway in Town and Country," Newton Abott: David and Charles
* Larkin, E.J., Larkin, J.G., (1988) "The Railway Workshops of Great Britain 1823-1986," Macmillan Press
* Railway Magazine 1964 P600 (last overhauled loco)


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Horwich (disambiguation) — Horwich may mean:*Horwich, a town in Greater Manchester **Horwich Parkway railway station **Horwich RMI F.C., the former name of an English football club **Horwich Works, a former locomotive works*LMS Horwich Mogul, a steam locomotive*Horwich End …   Wikipedia

  • Horwich — infobox UK place latitude= 53.593 longitude= 2.559 official name= Horwich population= 19,312 (2001 Census) os grid reference= SD639114 london distance= convert|177|mi|km|0|abbr=on SE civil parish= Horwich metropolitan borough= Bolton metropolitan …   Wikipedia

  • Melton Constable Railway Works — Recent view of the erecting shop …   Wikipedia

  • Crewe Works Railway — Coordinates: 53°05′38″N 2°26′06″W / 53.094°N 2.435°W / 53.094; 2.435 …   Wikipedia

  • Derby Works — The North Midland and later Midland workshop in 2006 The Midland Railway Locomotive Works, known locally as the loco comprised a number of British manufacturing facilities in Derby building locomotives and, initially, rolling stock in Derby, UK …   Wikipedia

  • Paul Horwich — (born 1947) is a British analytic philosopher at New York University, whose work includes writings on causality, truth, and meaning. Horwich earned his PhD from Cornell University; his thesis advisor was Richard Boyd. He has previously taught at… …   Wikipedia

  • Cowlairs railway works — The former Cowlairs Locomotive Works at Carlisle Street, Springburn in April 1970 …   Wikipedia

  • LMS Hughes Crab — Power type Steam Designer George Hughes Builder LMS Horwich Works (70), LMS …   Wikipedia

  • Locomotives of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway — Locomotives of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway. The L YR Locomotive Works were originally at Miles Platting, Manchester, from 1889 being at Horwich. Constituent companies The L YR came into being in 1847 when the Manchester and Leeds Railway …   Wikipedia

  • LMS Stanier Mogul — Infobox Locomotive powertype=Steam name = LMS Stanier Mogul designer = William Stanier builder = LMS Crewe Works builddate = 1933–1934 totalproduction = 40 whytetype = 2 6 0 uicclass = 1 Ch gauge = RailGauge|ussg leadingsize =… …   Wikipedia


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.