Altanbulag, Selenge


Altanbulag, Selenge

Altanbulag ( _mn. Алтанбулаг, "golden spring") is a sum (district) of Selenge Province in northern Mongolia. It is in located about 25 km from the provincial capital of Sükhbaatar, on the border with Russia. Altanbulag is the location of the Altanbulag Free Trade Zone ( _mn. Алтанбулаг худалдааны чөлөөт бүс, "Altanbulag khudaldaany Chölööt büs").

History

Altanbulag began as a trading outpost across the Kyakhta River from the Russian town of Kyakhta during Qing Empire rule of Mongolia. On 13 March 1921, a Soviet-backed People’s Provisional Government of Mongolia was established at Altanbulag. This government went on to oust the government of Roman Ungern von Sternberg and later formed the Mongolian People's Republic in 1924.

Names

Today, the town is known as Altanbulag in both the Mongolian and Buryat languages.

During the Qing dynasty, the town was known as Maimachen ( _ru. Маймачен) in Russian, which derived from the Chinese name "Mǎimàichéng" (買賣城, "trading town"). In Mongolian, it was known as Övör Khiagt (Өвөр Хиагт, "South Kyakhta").

External links

* [http://www.altanbulag.mn/ Altanbulag Free Trade Zone]


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