GOST


GOST

GOST refers to a set of technical standards maintained by the Euro-Asian Council for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (EASC), a regional standards organization operating under the auspices of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).

History

GOST standards were originally developed by the government of the Soviet Union as part of its national standardization strategy. The word GOST (Russian: _ru. ГОСТ) is an acronym for "gosudarstvennyy standart" (Russian:" _ru. государственный стандарт"), which means "state standard".

The history of national standards in the USSR can be traced back to 1925, when a government agency, later named Gosstandart, was established and put in charge of writing, updating, publishing, and disseminating the standards. After World War II, the national standardization program went through a major transformation, which provided the necessary methodological, logistical, and technological support for the long economic expansion that lasted into the early 1980s. The first GOST standard, GOST 1 "State Standardization System", was published in 1968.

The present

After the disintegration of the USSR, the GOST standards acquired a new status of the "regional standards". They are now administered by the "Euro-Asian Council for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (EASC)", a standards organization chartered by the Commonwealth of Independent States.

At present, the collection of GOST standards includes over 20,000 titles used extensively in conformity assessment activities in 12 countries. Serving as the regulatory basis for government and private-sector certification programs throughout the Commonwealth of Independent States, the GOST standards cover energy, oil and gas, environmental protection, construction, transportation, telecommunications, mining, food processing, and other industries.

The following countries have adopted GOST standards in addition to their own, nationally developed standards:
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Because GOST standards are adopted by Russia, the largest and most influential member of the CIS, it is a common misconception to think of GOST standards as the national standards of Russia. They are not. Since the EASC, the organization responsible for the development and maintenance of the GOST standards, is recognized by ISO as a "regional standards organization", the GOST standards are classified as the "regional standards". The national standards of Russia are the GOST R standards.

Related standards

* GOST R

Examples

* GOST 7.67 - language codes
* GOST 10859 - A 1964 character set for computers, includes non-ASCII/non-Unicode characters required when programming in the ALGOL programming language.
* GOST 16876-71 - a standard for Cyrillic-to-Latin transliteration [Replaced by GOST 7.79-2000 in 2002]
* GOST 28147-89 block cipher - commonly referred to as just "GOST" in cryptography
* GOST 7396 - standard for power plugs and sockets used in Russia and throughout the Commonwealth of Independent States

Notes

See also

* Gosstandart - [http://www.gost.ru Оfficial website (in Russian)]
* Euro-Asian Council for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (EASC) - [http://www.easc.org.by Оfficial website (in Russian)]
* GOST - Ukrsepro certification - [http://en.ce-isareti.com ( Gost and UkrSepro (in English) )]
*MERT CERTIFICATE CENTERE - [http://www.gost-ukrsepro.com/eng/default.asp (Russian, Ukrainian, Kazakhstan and Belorus Quality Certificates)]
* Commonwealth of Independent States
* SZUTEST - [http://www.szutest.com (Gost and Ukrsepro certification)]
* E-Marketci - [http://www.gost-r.de (Gost certification)]
* GOST - Ukrsepro certification - [http://ru.ce-isareti.com ( Gost and UkrSepro (in Russian) )]

* GUS Expert Global provider of GOST certification services [http://www.gus-expert.com (All types of Russian export certification services)]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • göstərmə — «Göstərmək»dən f. is …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti

  • GOST R — may mean:* GOST R , an acronym for Russian National Standards * GOST R certification, a Russian national certification program for productsGOST R may also be:* GOST R Certificate of Conformity, a written confirmation that a product meets Russian… …   Wikipedia

  • gost — gȏst m DEFINICIJA 1. onaj koji dolazi nekome u posjet; posjetilac 2. onaj koji boravi u hotelu; turist 3. sport gostujuća momčad SINTAGMA visoki gost važan, ugledan gost FRAZEOLOGIJA svakog gosta tri dana dosta ne treba zlorabiti gostoprimstvo,… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • GOST 7.67 — or ISO 3166 88 is GOST standard for country codes.The standard defines country names in Russian and English language, Cyrillic three letter country codes, Latin three and two letter country codes, as well as numeric country codes. The latter… …   Wikipedia

  • gost — s. v. invitat, musafir, oaspete. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Sinonime  gost, goşti, s.m. (reg.) Musafir, oaspete. Trimis de claudia, 01.12.2005. Sursa: DAR  gost ( şti), s.m. – Oaspete, invitat. sb. gost (DAR). În Banat. – Der. gosti …   Dicționar Român

  • GOST — steht für: Gossudarstwenny Standart Gymnasiale Oberstufe (GOSt) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gost — Le nom se rencontre en pays catalan, notamment aux Baléares, où il est une aphérèse d Agost, surnom donné à celui qui est né au mois d août (ou enfant trouvé en août), ou encore nom de baptême (= Auguste). On trouve aussi des Gost en Normandie… …   Noms de famille

  • GOST — GOST, abreviatura de Gosudarstvenny Standart (Государственный Стандарт, en español: Estándar del estado) que es un conjunto de estándares internacionales del CEI, desarrollado en la antigua URSS y actualmente mantenido por el Consejo Interestatal …   Wikipedia Español

  • GOST — government standard. Термины атомной энергетики. Концерн Росэнергоатом, 2010 …   Термины атомной энергетики

  • göstərmək — f. 1. Görməsinə imkan yaratmaq; görsətmək. Evləri cərgələmə; Tikilmiş cərgələmə; Açma günəş camalın; Göstərmə hər gələnə. (Bayatı). Gah göstərdin, gah gizlətdin yanağı; Axır məni dərdə saldın, al etdin. M. P. V.. <Cahan xala:> Arşın mal… …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti


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