Baltimore Clipper

Baltimore Clipper

Baltimore Clipper is the colloquial name for fast sailing ships built on the south-eastern seaboard of the United States of America, especially at the port of Baltimore, Maryland. It is most commonly applied to two-masted schooners and brigantines.

Baltimore clippers were first built as small, fast sailing vessels for trade around the coastlines of the United States and the Caribbean Islands. Their hull-lines tended to be very sharp, with a "V"-shaped cross-section below the waterline and strongly raked stem, stern posts, and masts. The origins of the type are unknown but certainly hulls conforming to the concept were being built in Jamaica and Bermuda (the hull of the Bermuda sloop, designed for the open ocean, was broader than the Jamaican and deeper than the American) by the late 1600s and by the late 1700s were popular both in Britain and the United States.

They were especially suited to moving low-density, high value perishable cargoes such as slaves, and in that trade operated as far afield as the west coast of Africa. Similar vessels were built as privateers during the War of Independence and the War of 1812, and as pilot boats. The famous yacht America, derived from the lines of a New York pilot boat, was conceptually not far removed the Baltimore clipper. Many such vessels went to Australia during the Australian gold rush, or after being seized as slavers and sold.

One particularly famous Baltimore Clipper, and one of the last of the type in commercial service, was the schooner "Vigilant" that traded around the Danish Caribbean islands for over a century before sinking in a hurricane on September 12, 1928. She was believed to have been built in the 1790s.

A modern replica of an early 19th century Baltimore Clipper was the ill-fated "Pride of Baltimore" and her replacement "Pride of Baltimore II".


*cite book |last=Chapelle |first=Howard Irving |authorlink=Howard I. Chapelle |year=1988 |title=The Baltimore Clipper |isbn=9780486257655 |publisher=Dover Publications |location=New York |oclc=17728233 21231590
*cite book |last=Chapelle |first=Howard Irving |authorlink=Howard I. Chapelle |year=1983 |title=The search for speed under sail, 1700-1855 |isbn=9780393031270 |publisher=Norton |location=New York |oclc=13835078

External links

* [ Rootsweb: Excerpt of "Tidewater Triumph", by Geoffrey Footner.] Describing development of the Baltimore Clipper (large chapter on Bermuda sloops and role of Bermudian boatbuilders).

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Baltimore clipper — a small, fast American sailing vessel of the early 19th century, having a sharp hull form and two masts with a pronounced rake and carrying a brig or schooner rig. [1815 25, Amer.] * * * ▪ ship  small, fast sailing ship developed by Chesapeake… …   Universalium

  • baltimore clipper — noun Usage: usually capitalized B Etymology: from Baltimore, Maryland : a fast sharp hulled ship of usually less than 200 tons built chiefly between 1830 and 1850 on Chesapeake Bay and usually having sharply raked masts and a brig or schooner rig …   Useful english dictionary

  • clipper ship — clipper (def. 4). * * * Classic sailing ship of the 19th century, renowned for its beauty, grace, and speed. Apparently originating with the small, swift coastal packet known as the Baltimore clipper, the true clipper evolved first in the U.S. (с …   Universalium

  • Baltimore, Maryland — Baltimore  Cet article concerne la ville du Maryland. Pour les autres significations, voir Baltimore (homonymie). Baltimore …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Baltimore (Maryland) — Baltimore  Cet article concerne la ville du Maryland. Pour les autres significations, voir Baltimore (homonymie). Baltimore …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clipper — This article is about the 19th century sailing ships. For other uses, see Clipper (disambiguation). Clipper Ship Lightning an American clipper ship of the 1850s …   Wikipedia

  • Baltimore — Cet article concerne la ville du Maryland. Pour les autres significations, voir Baltimore (homonymie). 39° 17′ 11″ N 76° 36′ 54″&# …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clipper City (schooner) — The 1984 replica of the Clipper City Career (USA) …   Wikipedia

  • clipper — [ klipɶr ] n. m. • 1845; mot angl. « qui coupe (les flots) » ♦ Anciennt Voilier fin de carène. ♢ Avion de transport transocéanique. ● clipper nom masculin (anglais clipper, de to clip, fendre) Navire de commerce du XIXe s. conçu pour la vitesse… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Clipper Gap, California — Clipper Gap   Unincorporated community   …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.