- Foreign Affairs
name = Foreign Affairs
format = Scholarly Journal
foundation = 1922
Council on Foreign Relations
circulation = 200,000
headquarters = New York
James F. Hoge, Jr.
website = [http://www.foreignaffairs.org http://www.foreignaffairs.org]
"Foreign Affairs" is an influential American
journalon international relationspublished by the Council on Foreign Relations(CFR) six times annually. The CFR is a private-sector group established in New York Cityin 1921, with the mission of promoting understanding of foreign policy and America’s role in the world.
The Council on Foreign Relations was originally composed of 75 members of mainly academic and professional backgrounds. In its first year, the Council sought discourse mainly in meetings at their headquarters in New York City. However the members of the Council wished to seek a wider audience and in 1922 began publishing "Foreign Affairs".
The Council named Professor
Archibald Cary Coolidgeof Harvard Universityas the journal's first editor. As Coolidge was unwilling to move from Bostonto New York, Hamilton Fish Armstronga Princeton alumnus and a European correspondent of the " New York Evening Post" (now known as the "New York Post") was appointed as a co-editor and was sent to work in New York to handle the mechanical work of publishing the journal. Armstrong chose the light blue color to be the cover of the journal and had his two sisters, Margeret and Helen, design the logo (the man on the horse on the upper left hand side of each cover - now in the middle) and the lettering respectively.
The journal "Foreign Affairs" continued the "
Journal of International Relations" (which ran from 1910 to 1922), which in turn continued the " Journal of Race Development" (which ran from 1911 to 1919) (Weber).
Pre-World War II
The lead article in the first issue of "Foreign Affairs" was written by former Secretary of State under
Theodore Roosevelt's Administration Elihu Root. In the initial article Root wrote that the United States had become a World powerand as such that the general population needed to be better informed about international matters. John Foster Dulles, then a lawyer from New York who would later become Secretary of State under Dwight D. Eisenhower, also wrote an article in the initial issue of "Foreign Affairs" regarding the difficulties surrounding war reparations placed on Germany after the First World War. [ [http://www.foreignaffairs.org/about/history2 History of Foreign Affairs] ]
"Foreign Affairs" published a series of articles in 1925 by prominent
African Americanintellectual W.E.B. DuBois. DuBois, a personal friend of Armstrong, wrote mainly about race issues and imperialism. Although in the early days of publication the journal did not have many female authors, in the late 1930s American journalist for " Time Magazine" Dorothy Thompsonwould contribute articles. [ [http://www.foreignaffairs.org/about/history3 History of Foreign Affairs] ]
Cold War Era
George F. Kennanpublished his doctrine of containmentin the July 1947 issue of "Foreign Affairs".]
The journal rose to its greatest prominence after
World War IIwhen foreign relationsbecame central to United States politics, and the United States became a powerful actor on the global scene. Several extremely important articles were published in "Foreign Affairs", including the reworking of George F. Kennan's " Long Telegram", which first publicized the doctrine of containmentthat would form the basis of American Cold Warpolicy.
Louis Halle, a member of the U.S. Policy Planning Staff, also wrote an influential article in “Foreign Affairs” in 1950. His article, “On a Certain Impatience with Latin America”, created the anticommunist intellectual framework that justified U.S. policy towards Latin America in the
Cold Warera. Halle’s article described that the encouragement of democracy in postwar Latin America had ended. He demonstrated disgust over Latin America’s inability to assume autonomy and to become democratic. His rationalization towards Latin America was later used to justify U.S. efforts to overthrow the Communist Guatemalan government. [Schoultz, Lars. (1998). "Beneath the United States: A History of U.S. Policy toward Latin America", London: Harvard University Press, pp. 341-342.]
Eleven different Secretaries of State of the U.S.A. have written essays in "Foreign Affairs."
Post-Cold War Era
Since the end of the Cold War, and especially after the
September 11, 2001 attacks, the journal's readership has grown significantly.
It was in "Foreign Affairs" that
Samuel P. Huntingtonpublished his influential " Clash of Civilizations" article.
In the November/December 2003 issue of "Foreign Affairs",
Kenneth Maxwellwrote a review of Peter Kornbluh's book "The Pinochet File: A Declassified Dossier on Atrocity and Accountability", which gave rise to a controversy about Henry Kissinger's relationship to the regime of Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochetand to Operation Condor. Maxwell claims that key Council on Foreign Relationsmembers, acting at Kissinger's behest, put pressure on "Foreign Affairs" editor, James Hoge, to give the last word in a subsequent exchange about the review to William D. Rogers, a close associate of Kissinger's, rather than to Maxwell; this went against established "Foreign Affairs" policy. [ [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A56719-2005Feb26.html A Plot Thickens] from the Washington Post]
Then-opposition leader and former Ukrainian Prime Minister
Yulia Tymoshenkocaused a stir by publishing an article entitled "Containing Russia" in the May-June 2007 issue of "Foreign Affairs" accusing Russiaunder Vladimir Putinof expansionism and urging the rest of Europe to stand against him; Russian foreign minister Sergei Lavrovwrote an article in response, but he withdrew it, citing "censorship" from the "Foreign Affairs" editorial board. Tymoshenko's party went on to win the 2007 elections and became Prime Minister once again.
The immediate past managing editor of "Foreign Affairs" was
Fareed Zakaria, now the editor of "Newsweek International". The current managing editor is Gideon Rose, an expert on international conflict and the Middle East.
Since its inception, "Foreign Affairs" has had a fairly long book review section. The section originated after Coolidge asked his colleague at Harvard,
William L. Langer, a historian and World War Iveteran, to run the section. Langer initially had full control over the section and did the reviews entirely by himself. A month before the reviews were due the office in New York would ship approximately one hundred books to Langer to be reviewed and within approximately two weeks he would return the reviews for the section.
By the late 1930s, the review section had been broken down into several subsections. In the magazine's current incarnation (as of April 2006), a few longer reviews, usually written by well-known figures in the field of foreign policy, begin the section, followed by a subsection titled "Recent Books on International Relations" with shorter half-page-long reviews written by eminent academics. The section's final page shows the top fifteen best selling books on U.S. foreign policy and international affairs according to
Barnes and Noble's online book sales. [ [http://www.foreignaffairs.org/about/history3 History of Foreign Affairs] ]
*Weber, Eugen. "Half-Brother to the World" [Review of "A Nation Among Nations: America's Place in World History" by Thomas Bender, Hill and Wang, 2006] , "The American Scholar", Vol. 75, No. 3, (Sum. 2006), pp. 123-126.
* [http://www.foreignaffairs.org "Foreign Affairs"] Official Site
* [http://www.cfr.org/ "Council on Foreign Relations"] Official Site
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Look at other dictionaries:
Foreign Affairs — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Foreign Affairs es una revista norteamericana de relaciones internacionales, publicada por el Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) bimensualmente. El CFR es un grupo del sector privado establecido en Nueva York en 1921 … Wikipedia Español
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Foreign Affairs — est un bimestriel, mondialement connu, publié à New York, par le Conseil des relations étrangères, depuis 1922 et diffusé à environ 100 000 exemplaires en 2004. Il traite de politique étrangère et de relations internationales. Il a été fondé … Wikipédia en Français
foreign affairs — noun plural : matters relating to foreign countries : affairs other than domestic; especially : matters having to do with international relations and with the interests of the home country in foreign countries see foreign office * * * activities… … Useful english dictionary
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foreign affairs — noun Foreign affairs is used before these nouns: ↑ministry … Collocations dictionary
foreign affairs — foreign af fairs n [plural] politics, business matters etc that affect or concern the relationship between your country and other countries … Dictionary of contemporary English
foreign affairs — for′eign affairs′ n. gov activities and affairs of a nation arising from its dealings with other nations • Etymology: 1605–15 … From formal English to slang
foreign affairs — /fɒrən əˈfɛəz/ (say foruhn uh fairz) plural noun international relations; activities of a nation arising from its dealings with other nations. Also, external affairs … Australian English dictionary