Gypsy Rose Lee


Gypsy Rose Lee

Infobox actor
name = Gypsy Rose Lee


caption = Gypsy Rose Lee in the film "Stage Door Canteen" (1943)
birthname = Rose Louise Hovick
birthdate = birth date|1911|1|8
location = Seattle, Washington
deathdate = death date and age|1970|4|26|1911|2|9
deathplace = Los Angeles, California
yearsactive = 1937 - 1969
spouse = Robert Mizzy (m.1937)
William Kirkland (1942-1944)
Julio De Diego (m.1948)
awards = Walk of Fame - Motion Picture
6351 Hollywood Blvd

Gypsy Rose Lee (also known as Rose Louise Hovick and Louise Hovick) (born January 8 1911 [ [http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5686 Historylink.org] ] – April 26 1970) was an American actress, burlesque entertainer and writer whose 1957 memoir, written as a monument to her mother, was made into the stage musical and film "".

Early life

Gypsy was born as Rose Louise Hovick in Seattle, Washington in 1911, although her mother later shaved three years off both of her daughters' ages. She was initially known by her middle name, Louise. Her mother, Rose Thompson Hovick, married John Olaf Hovick, who was a newspaper advertising salesman. Her sister, Ellen June Hovick (better known as actress June Havoc), was born in 1913.

After their parents divorced, the girls earned the family's money by appearing in vaudeville where June's talent shone while Louise remained in the background. At the age of 13, June married a boy in the act named Bobby Reed, whom Mama Rose had arrested and met at the police station with a hidden gun. She pulled the trigger but the safety was on and Bobby was freed. June left the act and went on to a brief career in marathon dancing before giving birth to April Reed around 1930.

Career success

Louise's singing and dancing talents were insufficient to sustain the act without June. Eventually, it became apparent that Louise could make money in burlesque, which earned her legendary status. Her innovations were an almost casual strip style, compared to the herky-jerky styles of most burlesque strippers (she emphasized the "tease" in "striptease") and she brought a sharp sense of humor into her act as well. She became as famous for her onstage wit as for her strip style, and—changing her stage name to Gypsy Rose Lee—she became one of the biggest stars of Minsky's Burlesque, where she performed for four years. She was frequently arrested in raids on the Minsky brothers' shows.

She eventually traveled to Hollywood, where she was billed as Louise Hovick. Her acting was generally panned, so she returned to New York City and invested in film producer Michael Todd (1909-1958). She eventually appeared as an actress in many of his films.

Trying to describe what Gypsy was (a "high-class" stripper), H. L. Mencken coined the term "ecdysiast". Her style of intellectual recitation while stripping was spoofed in the number "Zip!" from Rodgers and Hart's "Pal Joey", a play in which her sister June appeared. Gypsy can be seen performing an abbreviated version of her act (intellectual recitation and all) in the 1943 film "Stage Door Canteen".

In 1941, Gypsy Rose Lee authored a mystery thriller called "The G-String Murders" which was made into the 1943 film "Lady of Burlesque" starring Barbara Stanwyck. While some assert this was in fact ghost-written by Craig Rice, there are also those who suggest that there is more than sufficient written evidence in the form of manuscripts and Lee's own correspondence to prove she wrote a large part of the novel herself under the guidance of Rice and others, including her friend and mentor, the editor George Davis. [Tippins, Sherill. "February House: The Story of W. H. Auden, Carson McCullers, Jane and Paul Bowles, Benjamin Britten, and Gypsy Rose Lee, Under One Roof in Brooklyn. Houghton Mifflin Company Publishing, 2005."] [Hubin, Allen J. "Crime Fiction, 1749-1980: A Comprehensive Bibliography. New York: Garland Publishing Inc., 1984, p. 243] Lee's second murder mystery, "Mother Finds a Body", was published in 1942.

Relationships

While she worked at Minsky's, Gypsy Rose Lee had relationships with an assortment of characters from comedian Rags Ragland to Eddy Braun. In Hollywood, she married Arnold "Bob" Mizzy on August 25, 1937 at the insistence of the film studio. Gypsy was at one time in love with Michael Todd, and in 1942 in an attempt to make him jealous, she married William Alexander Kirkland. They divorced in 1944. While married to Kirkland, she gave birth to a son fathered by Otto Preminger; he was named Erik Lee and has been known successively as Erik Kirkland, Erik de Diego and Erik Preminger. Gypsy Lee was married for a third time in 1948 to Julio de Diego, but they also eventually divorced. She also had a public affair with writer Carson McCullers.

Gypsy and June, who also became successful in performance, continued to get demands for money from their mother, who had opened a lesbian boardinghouse in a ten-room apartment on West End Avenue in New York City. This property and a farm in Highland Mills, New York, had been rented for Mother Rose by Gypsy Lee. Mother Rose shot and killed one of her guests (according to Erik Preminger, she killed her own lover, who had made a pass at Gypsy) at the boardinghouse. This incident was explained as a suicide. As Mother Rose was dying of colon cancer, her final words, in 1954, were for Gypsy Lee: "Wherever you go... I'll be right there. When you get your own private kick in the ass, just remember: it's a present from me to you."

Later years

With their mother dead, the sisters now felt free to write about her without risking a lawsuit. Gypsy's memoirs, titled "Gypsy", were published in 1957 and were taken as inspirational material for the Jule Styne, Stephen Sondheim, and Arthur Laurents musical "". June Havoc didn't like the way she was portrayed in the piece, but she was eventually persuaded (and paid) not to oppose it for her sister's sake. The play and the subsequent movie deal assured Gypsy a steady income. The sisters became estranged. June, in turn, wrote "Early Havoc" and "More Havoc", relating her version of the story.

Gypsy Rose Lee went on to host a morning San Francisco KGO-TV television talk show, "Gypsy". She was diagnosed in 1969 with metastatic lung cancer, which prompted her to reconcile with June before her death. "This is my present, you know," she reportedly told June, "my present from Mother".

The walls of her Los Angeles home were adorned with pictures by Joan Miro, Pablo Picasso, Marc Chagall, Max Ernst and Dorothea Tanning, all of which were reportedly gifts to her by the artists themselves. Like Picasso, she was a supporter of the Popular front movement in the Spanish Civil War and raised money for charity to alleviate the suffering of Spanish children during the conflict.

Death

Gypsy Rose Lee died of cancer in Los Angeles in 1970. She is buried in Inglewood Park Cemetery in Inglewood, California.

Filmography

*"You Can't Have Everything" - 1937
*"Ali Baba Goes to Town" - 1937
*"Sally, Irene and Mary" - 1938
*"Battle of Broadway" - 1938
*"My Lucky Star" - 1938
*"Stage Door Canteen" - 1943
*"Belle of the Yukon" - 1944
*"Babes in Bagdad" - 1952
*"Screaming Mimi" - 1958
*"Wind Across the Everglades" - 1958
*"The Stripper" - 1963
*"The Trouble with Angels" - 1966
*"Around the World of Mike Todd" - 1968

Television

*"Think Fast" - 1949
*"The Gypsy Rose Lee Show" - 1958
*"Who Has Seen the Wind?" - 1965
*"Gypsy" - 1965
*"Batman" - 1966
*"The Pruitts of Southampton" - 1966
*"The Over-the-Hill Gang" - 1969
*"The Hollywood Squares" - 1969

Bibliography

*"Gypsy, A Memoir" - 1957
*"The G-String Murders" (novel) - 1942
*"Mother Finds a Body" (novel) - 1942
* "The Naked Genius" (play) -1943
*"Doll Face" - 1945 (play)

References

External links

* [http://www.sjsondheim.com/RoseJune.html "Rose and June"]
*imdb name|id=0497346|name=Gypsy Rose Lee
* [http://216.254.10.116/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5686 Gypsy Rose Lee at Washington State History Online Encyclopedia]
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a-jEKVq38bY Gypsy Rose Lee on You Tube]


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  • Gypsy Rose Lee — en Stage Door Canteen (1943) Nombre real Rose Louise Hovick Nacimiento 8 de enero de 1911 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gypsy Rose Lee — Gypsy Rose Lee. Gypsy Rose Lee, de son vrai nom Rose Louise Hovick, est née à Seattle (États Unis) le 9 février 1911 et est morte du cancer le 26 avril 1970 à Los Angeles. Elle était considérée, avec Lili St Cyr, comme l une des reines du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gypsy Rose Lee — 1956 fotografiert von Fred Palumbo Gypsy Rose Lee (eigentlich Rose Louise Hovick) (* 8. Januar 1911[1] in Seattle; † 26. April 1970 in Los Angeles) war eine US amerikanische Schauspielerin, Schriftstellerin und berühmte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gypsy Rose Lee — ➡ Lee. * * * …   Universalium

  • Gypsy Rose Lee — noun United States striptease artist who became famous on Broadway in the 1930s (1914 1970) • Syn: ↑Lee, ↑Rose Louise Hovick • Instance Hypernyms: ↑stripper, ↑striptease artist, ↑striptease, ↑stripteaser, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gypsy Rose Lee — …   Википедия

  • Gypsy Rose Lee — Louise Hovick …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Lee, Gypsy Rose — orig. Rose Louise Hovick born Jan. 9, 1914, Seattle, Wash., U.S. died April 26, 1970, Los Angeles, Calif. U.S. striptease artist. She appeared in a vaudeville act with her sister from 1919 and made her debut in a burlesque show in 1929. She… …   Universalium

  • Lee, Gypsy Rose — orig. Rose Louise Hovick (9 ene. 1914, Seattle, Wash., EE.UU.–26 abr. 1970, Los Ángeles, Cal.). Artista del desnudo estadounidense. A contar de 1919 comenzó a participar en rutinas de vodevil junto con su hermana, y debutó en un burlesque en 1929 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lee,Gypsy Rose — Lee, Gypsy Rose. 1914 1970. American burlesque entertainer who also wrote best selling mystery novels, including The G String Murders (1941). * * * …   Universalium