Tumen River


Tumen River

Coordinates: 42°25′47″N 130°36′41″E / 42.42972°N 130.61139°E / 42.42972; 130.61139

Tumen River
Location Tumen-River.png
Location of the Tumen River
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 圖們江
Simplified Chinese 图们江
Korean name
Chosŏn'gŭl 두만강
Hancha 豆滿江
Manchu name
Manchu Tumen1.png
(Tumen ula)
Mongolian name
Mongolian Түмэн гол, Tümen gol
Russian name
Russian Туманная река, Tumannaya Reka

The Tumen River is a 521 km-long river that serves as part of the boundary between China, North Korea, and Russia, rising in Mount Baekdu and flowing into the Sea of Japan.

The river flows in northeast Asia, on the border between China and North Korea in its upper reaches, and between North Korea and Russia in its last 17 kilometers (11 mi) before entering the Sea of Japan. The river forms much of the southern border of Jilin Province in Northeast China and the northern borders of North Korea's North Hamgyong and Yanggang provinces. Baekdu Mountain on the Chinese-North Korean border is the source of the river,[1] as well as of the Yalu River (which forms the western portion of the border of North Korea and China).

The name of the river comes from the Mongolian word tümen, meaning "ten thousand" or a myriad. This river is badly polluted by the nearby factories of North Korea and China; however, it still remains a major tourist attraction in the area. In Tumen, Jilin, China, a riverfront promenade has restaurants where patrons can gaze across the river into North Korea.[1] Russian name of river is Tumannaya, literally meaning foggy.

In 1995, the People's Republic of China, Mongolia, Russia, and South Korea, signed three agreements to create the Tumen River Economic Development Area. [2]

Important cities on the river are Hoeryong, Namyang and Onsong in North Korea, Tumen and Nanping in China.

Refugee crossing

The Tumen has been used for years by North Korean refugees defecting across the Chinese border. Most refugees from North Korea during the 1990s famine crossed over the Tumen River, and most recent refugees have also used it.

Although the Tumen is heavily patrolled by armed guards of North Korea, the river is considered the preferred way to cross into China because, unlike the swift and deep Yalu River which runs along most of the border between the two countries, the Tumen is shallow and narrow.[1] "It is easily crossed in spots on foot or by swimming," according to a 2006 article in The New York Times.[1]

Defectors who wish to cross the Tumen often ignore its pollutants and dangerous border patrol, and spend weeks if not months or years waiting for the perfect opportunity to cross.

"Long, desolate stretches of the Chinese-North Korean border are not patrolled at all," according to a New York Times article.[1]

Refugees seldom cross the Tumen into Russia as its government patrols its short stretch of the river more actively than China does its, and the refugees have no large ethnic Korean community in which to hide (see also North Koreans in Russia).[1]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f [1] Onishi, Norimitsu, "Tension, Desperation: The China-North Korean Border", October 22, 2006. Much of the information cited in this footnote comes from the captions to the large illustrated map published with the newspaper article and available online with it.
  2. ^ HighBeam Research - Article: Accord on Tumen River Area Development to Be Signed.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tumen River — River, eastern Asia. It forms the northeastern frontier of North Korea with China and Russia. It originates on Mount Paektu, North Korea s highest mountain, and flows generally north and northeast before turning southeast to enter the Sea of… …   Universalium

  • Tumen, Jilin — Tumen (zh cp|c=图们|p=Túmén; Korean: 도문 Domun or 투먼 Tumeon) is a county level city in Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, within Jilin province of northeastern China. Of its 136,000 inhabitants, approximately 78,000 (or 57%) are of Korean descent …   Wikipedia

  • Tumen (Fluss) — Tumen Tumen Jiang, Tumennaja, Tumangang Lage des Tumen in Ostasien DatenVorlage:Infobox Fluss/GKZ fehlt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tumen (rivière) — Tumen (fleuve) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tumen. Tumen Caractéristiques Longueur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tumen (disambiguation) — Tumen may refer to one of the following.*Tumen, a Turkic and Mongol military unit of 10,000 people *TouMen a khan yu of the Xiongnu * Tumen , Bumin Khan *Tumen River, a river in China, North Korea, and Russia *Tumen, Jilin, a city in Chinaee… …   Wikipedia

  • Tumen (fleuve) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tumen. Tumen Caractéristiques Longueur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • river — river1 riverless, adj. riverlike, adj. /riv euhr/, n. 1. a natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite course or channel or series of diverging and converging channels. 2. a similar stream of something other than water: a… …   Universalium

  • Tumen — /tyuu muen /, n. Pinyin, Wade Giles. a river in E Asia, flowing NE along the China North Korea border and then SE along the border between China and Russia to the Sea of Japan. ab. 325 mi. (525 km) long. Also called, Wade Giles, Tumen Chiang… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Tumen — /tyuu muen /, n. Pinyin, Wade Giles. a river in E Asia, flowing NE along the China North Korea border and then SE along the border between China and Russia to the Sea of Japan. ab. 325 mi. (525 km) long. Also called, Wade Giles, Tumen Chiang… …   Universalium

  • Tumen — geographical name river 324 miles (521 kilometers) E Asia on border between North Korea, China, & Russia flowing NE & SE into Sea of Japan …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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