- Sancho II of Castile
He was the eldest son of
Ferdinand I of Castileand Sancha of León. His maternal grandparents were Alfonso V of Leonby Elvira Mendes.
He married ca 1065 Alberta ..., without issue.
In 1068, Sancho defeated his cousins
Sancho IV of Navarreand Sancho of Aragón in the War of the Three Sanchos. He reconquered Bureba, Alta Rioja, and Álavawhich his father had given to Sancho of Navarre's father, García, in return for aid against Bermudo III of León. In that year, he defeated Alfonso, his brother, at Llantada, but he soon teamed up with him to conquer Galicia. They succeeded (1071) and partitioned it, but Sancho then turned on Alfonso. With the aid of his alférez El Cid, he defeated Alfonso at Golpejera(1072). He then forced him into exile in Toledo and took over León as king.
His sister Urraca, Lady of Zamora, held that city against him, as the Leonese were strongly opposed to his presence. It was consequently a Zamoran noble who finally put and end to Sancho's campaigning success. Vellido Dolfos entered Sancho's camp as a pretendant deserter, separating Sancho from his guard as if to tell him the secrets of the Zamoran defence, and assassinated him.
He was succeeded in his kingdoms by the brother he displaced, Alfonso.
Finally, mention should be made of the part these events play in the Cantar de Mío Cid.
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