- Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan
company_type = Public (tsx|POT, nyse|POT)
company_slogan = Helping Nature Provide
foundation = 1975
location = flagicon|Canada
Saskatoon, SK, Canada
key_people = William J. Doyle
num_employees = 4,879 (2008)cite web |url=http://zenobank.com/index.php?symbol=POT&page=quotesearch |title=Company Profile for Potash Corp of Saskatchewan Inc (POT) |accessdate=2008-10-09]
industry = Materials
homepage = [http://www.potashcorp.com/ http://www.potashcorp.com/]
The Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan Inc. (tsx|POT, nyse|POT), today generally referred to as PotashCorp, is a Canadian corporation based in
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. The company is the world's largest potashproducer and the second and third largest producer of nitrogen and phosphate, three primary crop nutrients used to produce fertilizer.  At the end of 2007, the company controlled 22% of the world's potash production capacity, 2% of nitrogen production capacity and 6% of phosphate supply. 
The company was created by the
government of Saskatchewanin 1975. In 1989 it became a publicly traded company and the government of Saskatchewan sold off its shares and today no longer owns any of the firm. It is by far the world's largest producer of potash, producing 23% of the world's supply. It also controls almost all of the world's unused supply, and has long deliberately held back production to keep potash prices high. It is also the world's largest fertilizerproducer. It is the third largest phosphateproducer and fourth largest nitrogenproducer.
The Saskatchewan potash industry began in the 1950s and 1960s. The government saw it as a promising new field and granted large subsidies to the new projects, mainly by American companies. However, this led to overproduction and when a global potash glut began in the late 1960s the industry almost collapsed. The Liberal government of the province introduced an emergency plan setting up quotas and a
price floorin 1969. This plan was popular among the companies, which could now charge monopoly prices. The NDP government that was elected in 1971 in Saskatchewan was dissatisfied with this plan as the huge profits went to the companies rather than the government, and it wasn't sustainable in the long term. In 1974 the government passed a new potash regulation scheme, that included a reserve tax. This plan was resisted by the potash producers, and its constitutionality was challenged. Thus in 1975 the provincial government established the Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan as a government crown corporation.
In November 1975 the province announced its intention to take part of the potash industry into public ownership. The government offered to negotiate with the producers, and many of them agreed to sell to the government. Over the next several years PCS bought mines around Saskatchewan, and eventually came to control 40% of domestic production. Public ownership drew the ire of the
United Statesgovernment, which criticised the provincial government for buying Americans' assets and creating a monopoly. In the 1980s the Commerce Department accused the corporation of dumping and imposed massive duties on all potash imports to the United States.
In the early 1980s the company struggled a lot, and lost money for several years accumulating an $800 million debt. In 1989 the Conservative government decided to privatize it by selling the company to private investors. During the 1990s PotashCorp expanded by buying up a number of American potash companies including
Potash Company of America, Florida Favorite Fertilizer, Texasgulf, and Arcadian Corporation. Today it owns assets across Canada, the United States, and also in Brazil and the Middle East. By March 2008, due to rising potash prices it had become one of the most valuable companies in Canada by market capitalization, valued at almost C$63 billion.
Prices of fertilizer, particularly potash, increased more that 200% in FY 2007 on global food crisis and increased use of biofuels. [ [http://www.iirgroup.com/researchoracle/show/issue/704 Rising food demand on back of rising population and increased use of biofuels drive significant increase in potash prices:Research Oracle] ]
PotashCorp has been blamed for the loss of well water for over 50 homes due to water inflow at their
Penobsquis, New Brunswickmine. Despite pleas from local residents a water system is being supplied by the Province of New Brunswickwith only 10% of the costs being covered by PotashCorp. [ [http://telegraphjournal.canadaeast.com/search/article/288807 telegraphjournal.com - MLA calls PotashCorp's actions slap in face to property owners ] ]
PotashCorp has also raised the ire of people in the Sussex area over a proposed new brine line that will transport the water from this flooding mine, and water from a new mine out to the
Bay of Fundy. The proposed route is adjacent to the aquifer, and well protection fields for the Town of Sussex, and the Village of Sussex Corner. [ [http://telegraphjournal.canadaeast.com/search/article/259560 Geologist warns about threat to water source. Tammy Scott-Wallace, "Saint John Telegraph-Journal", accessed April 24, 2008] ]
* [http://www.potashcorp.com/ Official site]
* [http://www.innovation.cc/books/chapter04.htm Story of the creation of PCS]
* [http://www.iirgroup.com/researchoracle/show/issue/704 IIR Research on Potash Corp]
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