- Edgar Bainton
Edgar Leslie Bainton (
14 February 1880– 8 December 1956) was a British composer, most celebrated for his church music. Easily his most famous piece is the liturgical anthem "And I saw a new heaven", but during recent years Bainton's other musical works - for decades neglected - have become increasingly often heard in the concertrepertoire.
Early life and career
Bainton was born in Hackney,
London, the son of the Revd George Bainton, a Congregational minister, and his wife, Mary Cave. Bainton later moved with his family to Coventryand he showed early signs of musical ability playing the piano; he was nine years old when he made his first public appearance as solo pianist. He was awarded a music scholarship to King Henry VIII Grammar School in Coventry in 1891, and in 1896, he won an open scholarship to the Royal College of Musicto study theory with Henry Walford Davies. In 1899 he received a scholarship to study composition with Sir Charles Villiers Stanford. At college he met and became friends with George Dyson, William Harrisand especially Rutland Boughton, whose friendship and support continued throughout Bainton's career. Bainton kept a notebook listing nearly all his compositions, the first entry is his first known surviving work, "Prelude and Fuguein B Minor for piano", written in 1898.
In 1901 Bainton became piano
professorat the Newcastle upon TyneConservatory of Music. He became involved in the local musical scene, composing, playing and conducting and in 1905, he married a former student, Ethel Eales, with whom he had two daughters. He became the Principal of the Conservatory in 1912, and acquired property for its expansion. The family lived in Stocksfield, near Hexham, Bainton would take long country walks, frequently accompanied by Wilfred Gibson, who introduced Bainton into the literary circle surrounding Gordon Bottomley. Bainton set many of Bottomley's poems and wrote an operato one of his lyric dramas. He introduced his local area to previously unknown works by Gustav Holst, Ralph Vaughan Williamsand Arnold Baxamongst others. He developed friendships with poet George Dodds, and cathedral organist, William Ellis.
Prisoner-of-war and freedom
In the summer of 1914 Bainton visited
Germanyto attend the Bayreuth Festival, but was arrested after war broke out and as a male enemy alien of military age he was interned at a camp at Rühleben, near Berlin, where he remained for the next four years. Bainton was put in charge of all the music at the camp and became acquainted with Ernest Macmillan, Edward Clarkand Arthur Benjamin, amongst other later successful musicians. He maintained many of these friendships throughout his career. In March 1918 his health deteriorated and he was sent to The Hagueto recuperate. Following the Armistice, he became the first Englishman to conduct the Amsterdam Concertgebouw Orchestra in two concerts of British music before returning to England.
Bainton's life returned to normal and he resumed work at the Conservatory. His choral works became features of the
Three Choirs Festivals. Touring Australiaand Canadafrom April 1930 to January 1931, he took a break from composing, and from August to December 1932 he visited India, giving a piano recital for the Indian Broadcasting Company. The noted poet and musician Rabindranath Tagoremade him a guest in Calcuttaand introduced him to Indian music. In 1933, Sir Edward Bairstow awarded him an honorary Doctor of Music at Durham University.
New South Wales State Conservatorium of Musicwas impressed by his display of skills in 1930, and offered him the directorship in the Summer of 1933. Accordingly, in 1934 Bainton and his family started a new life in Australia.
Bainton conducted the choral and orchestral classes at the Conservatorium, and founded the Opera School. He introduced Australia to such new works as
Elgar's Symphony No. 2 in 1934 and The Dream of Gerontiusin 1936. Coinciding with Bainton's arrival in Sydney were moves to form a permanent professional orchestra for the Australian Broadcasting Commission, the New South Wales Symphony Orchestra (later the Sydney Symphony). Bainton conducted their inaugural concert in 1934.
Music previously unheard in Australia was introduced by him, such as
Arnold Bax's Third Symphony, works by Claude Debussy, Jean Sibelius, Frederick Delius, and William Waltonamongst others. At the Conservatorium he taught Australian composers including Miriam Hyde.
At his peak in 1944, the premiere production by the Conservatorium Opera School of Bainton's opera "The Pearl Tree", received acclaim from the press and public alike. An additional night's performance was given due to demand, at which a bust of Bainton was unveiled in the foyer. Because of work regulations, Bainton retired aged 65, but continued to conduct (temporarily with the
New ZealandOrchestra), and performed lecture tours in Canada. In 1956, a heart attack severely affected his health - his wife had died not long beforehand - and on the morning of 8 Decemberhe died on the beach at Point Piper, New South Wales.
* "String Quartet in A Major"
* "Sonata for Cello and Piano".
* "Qunitet for Piano and Strings" Op.9.
* "String Quartet" Op.26
Chorus and Orchestra
* "The Blessed Damozel" (lyrics by
Dante Gabriel Rossetti) Op.11 (with mezzo-soprano and baritone soloists).
* "Sunset at Sea" Op.20 (lyrics by Reginald Buckley), for chorus and orchestra
* "The Vindictive Staircase" Op. 29 (lyrics by W.W. Gibson), a Humoreske for chorus and orchestra
* "A Song of Freedom and Joy" (lyrics by
Edward Carpenter), Op.24 for chorus and orchestra
* "The Tower" (lyrics by Robert Nichols), for chorus and orchestra
* "The Dancing Seal" (lyrics by W.W.Gibson), a Humoreske for chorus and orchestra
* "A Hymn to God the Father" (lyrics by
John Donne), for chorus and orchestra
* "Mignon's Requiem" (lyrics by
Goetheand Carlyle), for boys' voices, chorus and orchestra
* "The Transfiguration of Dante" Op.18, for soloists, chorus and orchestra
* "To The Name above every name", (lyrics by
Richard Crashaw), for soprano, chorus and orchestra
* "And I Saw a New Heaven"
* "Fantasia on the plainsong melody Vexilla Regis"
* "Fiat Lux" for "4-part chorus S.A.T.B."
* "Who can number the Sands of the Sea?" for "S.A.T.B."
* "Open Thy Gates"
* "Christ in the Wilderness"
* "The Heavens Declare Thy Glory"
Songs and part songs
* "Two Songs" for Baritone and Orchestra Op. 13 (Lyrics: Edward Carpenter)
* "An English Idyll" (Lyrics:
Neville Cardus) for Baritone and Orchestra.
* "Sweet Nightingale" - English folk song, arranged Bainton
* "Music for a Tragedy"
* "Music for film; 'Bush Policemen"'
* "Four Dances: Morris Dance, Minuet, Pavane, Valse" Op. 21
* "Celtic Sketches: Sea-Sorrow, Sea Rapture, Pharais" Op.23
Symphonies and orchestral works
* "Symphony no. 1 'Before Sunrise"' for Contralto Solo, Chorus and Orchestra
* "Symphony no. 2 in D Minor
* "Symphony no. 3 in C Minor
* "Symphony in B flat 'A Phantasy of Life and Progress"' Op. 5
* "Symphonic Poem: 'Pomplia"'
* "Symphonic Poem: 'Paracelsus' (After Browning)" Op. 8
* "Suite: The Golden River" Op. 16
* "Overture-Phantasy: 'Prometheus"' Op. 19
* "Three Pieces for Orchestra; Elegy, Intermezzo and Humoresque".
* "Concerto Fantasia" for Piano and Orchestra
* "Pavanne, Idyll and Baccanal" for Strings
* "Rhapsody: Epirhalamion"
* "Eclogue for Orchestra"
"Listen to music sample."
*"""Problems listening to the files See ".
* Jones, Michael, 'Bainton, Edgar Leslie (1880-1956)', "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography",
Oxford University Press, 2004. Online database article number 58729.
* [http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A070147b.htm Bainton, Helen, 'Bainton, Edgar Leslie (1880 - 1956)'] , "Australian Dictionary of Biography", Volume 7,
Melbourne University Press, 1979, pp. 146-147.
* [http://www.musicweb-international.com/bainton/ The Edgar Bainton (UK) Society]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Edgar Bainton — Edgar Leslie Bainton est un compositeur anglais né le 14 février 1880 à Londres et décédé le 8 décembre 1956 à Sydney (Australie). Principalement connu pour sa musique religieuse et le motet And I saw a new heaven ( Et je vis un nouveau ciel ),… … Wikipédia en Français
Edgar Bainton — Edgar Leslie Bainton (* 14. Februar 1880 in London; † 8. Dezember 1956 in Sydney) war ein britischer Komponist, Dirigent, Pianist und Pädagoge. Bainton erhielt im Alter von 16 Jahren ein Klavier Stipendium am Royal College of Music in London.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bainton — ist der Name von: Edgar Bainton (1880–1956), englischer Komponist Roland H. Bainton (1894–1984), US amerikanischer Kirchenhistoriker Geografisches: Bainton (Cambridgeshire) zwischen Peterborough und Stamford, Lincolnshire Bainton (Yorkshire) bei… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bainton — could be*Edgar Bainton (1880–1956), an English composer *Bainton, Cambridgeshire between Peterborough and Stamford *Bainton, East Riding of Yorkshire near Driffield *Bainton, Oxfordshire … Wikipedia
Bainton — /ˈbeɪntən/ (say bayntuhn) noun Edgar Leslie, 1880–1956, British born pianist, composer and conductor in Australia … Australian English dictionary
Liste der Biografien/Bad–Bak — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sydney Conservatorium of Music — Established 1916 Type Public Dean Kim Walker … Wikipedia
Melba, Australian Capital Territory — Melba Canberra, Australian Capital Territory Population: 3,267 (2006 census) … Wikipedia
Symphonies — Symphonie Pour les articles homonymes, voir Symphonie (homonymie). Une symphonie est une composition instrumentale savante, de proportions généralement vastes, comprenant plusieurs mouvements joints ou disjoints, et faisant appel aux ressources… … Wikipédia en Français
Liste de compositeurs ayant écrit des symphonies — Article principal : Symphonie. Cette liste présente les compositeurs ayant écrit au moins deux symphonies Compositeur Nombre de symphonies Siècle d activité principale Abe !Komei Abe 002 !2 20 !XXe siècle … Wikipédia en Français