Dinkelsbühl


Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
View of the old town from the church tower
View of the old town from the church tower
Coat of arms of Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl is located in Germany
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Dinkelsbühl
Coordinates 49°4′15″N 10°19′10″E / 49.07083°N 10.31944°E / 49.07083; 10.31944Coordinates: 49°4′15″N 10°19′10″E / 49.07083°N 10.31944°E / 49.07083; 10.31944
Administration
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Middle Franconia
District Ansbach
Lord Mayor Dr. Christoph Hammer (CSU)
Basic statistics
Area 75.19 km2 (29.03 sq mi)
Elevation 442 m  (1450 ft)
Population 11,482 (31 December 2010)[1]
 - Density 153 /km2 (396 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate AN
Postal code 91550
Area code 09851
Website dinkelsbuehl.de
Mixed Imperial City of Dinkelsbühl
Paritätische Reichsstadt Dinkelsbühl
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
Stem duchy of Franconia
1351–1802
Capital Dinkelsbühl
Government Republic
Historical era Middle Ages
 - City founded before 1083
 - Gained Reichsfreiheit 1351
 - Peace of Augsburg September 25, 1555
 - Thirty Years' War 161848
 - Peace of Westphalia 1648
 - Mediatised to Bavaria 1802

Dinkelsbühl is a historic city in Bavaria, Germany and a former Free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire. Now it belongs to the district of Ansbach, north of Aalen.

Contents

History

Fortified by the emperor Henry V, Dinkelsbühl received in 1305 the same municipal rights as Ulm, and obtained in 1351 the position of a Free Imperial City. Its municipal code, the Dinkelsbühler Recht, published in 1536, and revised in 1738, contained a very extensive collection of public and private laws.

During the Protestant Reformation, Dinkelsbühl was notable for being — eventually along only with Ravensburg, Augsburg and Biberach an der Riß — a Mixed Imperial City (German: Paritätische Reichsstadt) where the Peace of Westphalia caused the establishment of a joint Catholic–Protestant government and administrative system, with equality offices (German: Gleichberechtigung) and a precise and equal distribution between Catholic and Protestant civic officials. This status ended in 1802, when these cities were annexed by the Kingdom of Bavaria

Every summer Dinkelsbühl celebrates the city's surrender to Swedish Troops during the Thirty Years' War. This reenactment is played out by many of the town's residents. It features a whole array of Swedish troops attacking the city gate and children dressed in traditional garb coming to witness the event. Paper cones full of chocolate and candy are given as gifts to children. This historical event is called the "Kinderzeche" and can in some aspects be compared with the "Meistertrunk" in Rothenburg. The name is derived from the German word for "child", and is called such because of the legend that a child saved the town from massacre by the Swedish Troops during the surrender. The legend tells that when the Swedish army besieged the town, a teenage girl took the children for begging the general for mercy. The Swedish general had recently lost his young son to illness, and a boy who approached him so closely resembled his own son that he decided to spare the town.

The film, "The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm" (1962), was filmed on location in Dinkelsbühl.

Main sights

Dinkelsbühl is still surrounded by the old medieval walls and towers. There exist a lot of outstanding attractions. The image of this town is very typical for a German town of the 15th to early 17th century.

  • St. George's Minster is a beautiful masterpiece of the gothic style in the late 15th century ( by Nikolaus Eseler )
  • St. Paul's, now a Protestant church, was rebuilt in the 19th century in the style of the far late Roman architectural style.

Originally it was part of a former monastery.

  • the Castle of the Teutonic Order, with a rococo chapel
  • The so-called Deutsches Haus, the ancestral home of the counts of Drechsel-Deufstetten, is a fine specimen of the German renaissance style of wooden architecture.
  • situated in front of the Minster is the monument to Christoph von Schmid (1768-1854), a 19th century writer of stories for the young
  • Museum of the 3rd Dimension, the former city mill
  • the former Historical Museum, is showing historical findings and reconstructions of ancient houses of the city. Since 2008 the complete museum has a new domicile in the so called "Steinerne Haus" from the 14th century. The official name is now: "house of history". The presentation is complete new.
  • the church of St. Vincent, 2 km outside the city

People from Dinkelsbühl

Stefan Reuter, football world champion in 1990, was born in Dinkelsbühl in 1966.

Gallery

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dinkelsbühl — Dinkelsbühl …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dinkelsbuhl — Dinkelsbühl Dinkelsbühl …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dinkelsbühl — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Dinkelsbühl es una ciudad antigua de Baviera, Alemania. Se encuentra ubicada en el distrito de Ansbach, al norte de Aalen. Historia La ciudad fue fortificada por el emperador Enrique V, y en 1305 se le otorgaron a la …   Wikipedia Español

  • Dinkelsbühl — Dinkelsbühl, unmittelbare Stadt im bayr. Reg. bez. Mittelfranken, im Virngrund, an der Wörnitz und der Staatsbahnlinie Nördlingen Dombühl, 441 m ü. M., noch mit Mauern und Türmen umgeben, hat 2 evangelische und 2 kath. Kirchen, ein Standbild des… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dinkelsbühl — Dinkelsbühl, 1) Landgericht im baierischen Kreise Mittelfranken, 41 QM. mit 12,650 Ew.; 2) Stadt darin im Virngrunde, an der Wernitz, Sitz des Landgerichts, Forstamt, Lateinische Schule, katholische Pfarrkirche; Fabriken für Wollhandschuhe u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Dinkelsbühl — Dinkelsbühl, Bezirksstadt im bayr. Reg. Bez. Mittelfranken, im Virngrunde, an der Wörnitz, (1900) 4573 E., Amtsgericht, Ringmauer, Schloß; gilt als älteste Stadt Frankens (928 befestigt); 1351 1802 deutsche Reichsstadt …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dinkelsbühl — Dinkelsbühl, bayer. Stadt in Mittelfranken an der Wernitz im fruchtbaren Virngrunde mit 5400 E., welche Ackerbau, Viehzucht, Brauerei und einige Fabrikation betreiben. D. hat eine sehenswerthe kathol. Kirche, eine neue protestant., Progymnasium.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Dinkelsbühl — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dinkelsbühl — Dịnkelsbühl,   Stadt im Landkreis Ansbach, Bayern, 443 m über dem Meeresspiegel an der Wörnitz, 11 400 Einwohner; Theater, Berufsfachschule für Musik; Historisches Museum, Museum Dritte Dimension; kleinere Industriebetriebe, reger Fremdenverkehr …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Dinkelsbühl — 1. In Dinkelsbühl kann man unterm Thor eine Kuh mit dem Schwanze aus Schwabenland ins Frankenland schleudern. *2. Er ist nicht weiter als nach Dinkelsbühl auf den Saumarkt gekommen …   Deutsches Sprichwörter-Lexikon


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