Wangen im Allgäu


Wangen im Allgäu

Infobox German Location
image caption=A satellite photo of Wangen.
image photo=Wangen allgaeu aerial photo.jpg
Art = Stadt
Wappen = Wangen im Allgäu Wappen.jpg
lat_deg = 47 |lat_min = 41 |lat_sec = 9
lon_deg = 9 |lon_min = 50 |lon_sec = 3
Lageplan =
Bundesland = Baden-Württemberg
Regierungsbezirk = Tübingen
Landkreis = Ravensburg
Höhe = 556
Fläche = 101.28
Einwohner = 27157
Stand = 2005-09-30
PLZ = 88239
PLZ-alt = 7988
Vorwahl = 07522
Kfz = RV
Website = [http://www.wangen.de/ www.wangen.de]
Bürgermeister = Michael Lang
Bürgermeistertitel = Oberbürgermeister

Wangen im Allgäu is a historic city in southeast Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It lies north-east of Lake Constance in the Westallgäu. It is the second-largest city (Population: 27,157 in 2005) in the Ravensburg district and is a nexus for the surrounding communities. From 1938 to 1972, Wangen was the county seat of the Wangen rural district.

Geography

Wangen in Allgäu lies on the north bank of the upper Argen River. The lower Argen flows past northwest Wangen and unites southwest of the city with the upper Argen. The city today is shaped by its historical town center as well as by numerous nearby districts.

Neighboring municipalities

Several settlements border Wangen. Their names are as follows: Amtzell, Vogt, Kißlegg, Argenbühl, and Achberg (Ravensburg district), Hergatz and Hergensweiler (Lindau district), and Neukirch (Bodensee district).

History

Infobox Former Country
native_name = "Reichsstadt Wangen"
conventional_long_name = Imperial City of Wangen
common_name = Wangen
continent = Europe
region = Alps
country = Germany
era = Middle Ages
status = City-state
empire = Holy Roman Empire
government_type = Republic
year_start = 1286
year_end = 1802
event_pre = City founded
date_pre = before 815
event_start = Gained "Reichsfreiheit"
date_start =
event1 = Joined Swabian League
date_event1 = 1349
event2 = Became a protectorate
spaces|4of St Gallen
date_event2 =
1477–88
event_end = Mediatised to Bavaria
date_end =
event_post = Ceded to Württemberg
date_post = 1810
p1 = Duchy of Swabia
image_p1 =
s1 = Kingdom of Bavaria
flag_s1 = Flag of Bavaria (lozengy).svg
capital = Wangen
latd=47 |latm=41 |latNS=N |longd=9 |longm=50 |longEW=E
footnotes =
The city was first mentioned in 815 under the name "Wangun" in a monastery document.

In 1217, Emperor Fredrick II declared in a document that Wangen should remain in royal hands. In 1286, King Rudolph I granted Wangen the status of free imperial city.

During the late Middle Ages, the city's growth was amplified by its central location at the crossroads between Ravensburg, Lindau, Leutkirch, and Isny and the growing trade through the Alps.

Wangen's production and export of manufactured goods, particularly scythes and canvas, gave the city a tremendous positive trade balance. This surplus money was used to acquire lands outside of the city walls, thus giving Wangen a safeguard against economic fluctuations.

During the German Mediatisation, in 1802, Wangen lost its status as a Free City and was incorporated into the Kingdom of Bavaria; it later changed hands in 1810 to the Kingdom of Württemberg.

In 1936, the city was officially named "Wangen in Allgäu"

From 1938 up unto its dissolution and integration into the Ravensburg district in 1972, Wangen was the capital of the Wangen rural district. In 1973, Wangen was officially designated by the Baden-Württemberg state government to Großen Kreisstadt (large district town) due to its population having reached 20,000.

In 1999, the largest flood in the most recent 50 years of Wangen's history completey flooded the lower city. The city was again flooded in 2006 by the upper Argen River.

During the 2006 FIFA World Cup, the national team of Togo stayed in Wangen.

Main sights

Despite several major fires in 1539, 1793, and 1858, the old part of the town remains a juxtaposition of architectural elements ranging from those of the early middle ages to those of the late baroque era.

The "Oberstadtkirche St. Martin "("St Martin's Upper City Church") is one of Wangen's oldest buildings. The church was already present in the 9th century; it was renovated numerous times in the following years. It contains both Romanesque and Gothic architecture.

The Ravensburg Gate is the city's prime landmark. It was first mentioned in 1472, but was probably changed to its current appearance in 1608. The building is decorated with Renaissance-era artwork. Similarly aged relics of the old city include the Lindau Gate and the Pfaffenturm tower.

The local history museum, "Heimatmuseum in der Eselmühle", was opened in 1974 in a former mill acquired by the city in 1969. The museum displays the original mechanisms of the mill in addition to a collections from various spans of the city's history.

Population growth

¹ Census

Politics

Local council

As of the June 13, 2004 elections, the Wangen city council has 33 members from four different political parties (CDU, FWV, GOL, SPD).

Mayors since 1804

* 1804–1810: Franz Josef von Bentele
* 1811–1819: Mathias Tschugg
* 1819–1826: Rudolf Salis
* 1826–1829: Martin Schnitzer
* 1829–1847: Christian Nepomuk Weber
* 1847–1859: Leopold Wocher
* 1860–1894: Jacob Trenkle
* 1894–1922: Rudolf Trenkle
* 1922–1933: Fritz Geray
* 1933: Gottlob Pfeiffer (provisional)
* 1933–1939: Dr Friedrich Wilhelm Erbacher
* 1939: Heinrich Fischer (provisional)
* 1939–1942: Carl Speidel (on behalf of Heinrich Fischer)
* 1942–1945: Max Steinegger (provisional)
* 1945: Karl Geiger (provisional)
* 1945: Franz Büchele (provisional)
* 1945–1946: Josef Max Kraus (provisional)
* 1945–1968: Wilhelm Uhl
* 1968–2001: Dr Jörg Leist
* 2001–present: Michael Lang

ister/Twin cities

* La Garenne-Colombes, France
* Prato, Italy.

Economics and infrastructure

Wangen was once a center of the German textile industry before the decline of German textile manufacturing.

Inter-city transportation

Wangen lies on the A96 Autobahn between Lindau and Memmingen, in addition to federal highways 18 and 32. The town is part of the AulendorfKißlegg – Wangen - HergatzLindau and UlmMemmingenKißlegg – Wangen – HergatzLindau train lines. It lies on the bus route between Ravensburg and Tettnang. The city also belongs to the Bodensee–Oberschwaben public transportation association.

Education

Wangen has a Gymnasium ( [http://www.rng-wangen.de/ Rupert-Neß-Gymnasium] ), a Realschule ( [http://www.realschule-wangen.de/ Johann-Andreas-Rauch-Realschule] ), two Hauptschulen ( [http://www.avg-schule.de/ Anton-von-Gegenbaur-Schule] and Hauptschule Karsee), a special school (Martinstorschule), two combined secondary and elementary schools (GHS Niederwangen and Prassberg-Schule), and six elementary schools (Berger-Höhe-Schule, Deuchelried, Grundschule im Ebnet, Leupolz, Neuravensburg, and Schomburg).

The Wangen district has two vocational schools ( [http://www.gsw.rv.bw.schule.de/ Friedrich-Schiedel-Schule] and [http://www.kswangen.de/ Kaufmännischen Schule Wangen] ), in addition to the [http://www.heinrich-bruegger-schule.de/ Heinrich-Brügger-Schule] medical school.

Media

Wangen is serviced by the "Schwäbische Zeitung" newspaper as well as the local EURO 3 television station.

Governmental

Wangen is the seat of a local tax office. It has a district court, which belongs to the Ravensburg regional court district, which in turn belongs to the Stuttgart court district.

Other

* From 1943 to 1945, Wangen served as the backdrop for the propaganda movie "Quax in Fahrt"
* From April 14 to May 13, 2004, the city and its surrounding areas served as a setting for the "Tatort" television series.
* The Wangen "Juze Tonne e. V" is the oldest youth club in Germany
* The "Jugendmusikschule in Wangen" is the largest school of music in Baden-Württemberg.

ee also

* Swabia
* Allgäu

External links

* [http://www.wangen.de/ http://www.wangen.de/] de icon
* [http://www.wangenonline.de/ http://www.wangenonline.de/] de icon


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