:"For the machine used to make joints using wooden biscuits or plates, see Biscuit joiner"

A jointer (also known in the UK and Australia as a planer or surface planer, and sometimes also as a buzzer or flat top) is a woodworking machine used in woodworking to produce a flat surface on a board.

The jointer derives its name from its primary function of producing flat edges on boards prior to joining them edge-to-edge to produce wider boards. The use of this term probably arises from the name of a type of hand plane, the jointer plane, which is also used primarily for this purpose.


Fundamentally, a jointer consists of two parallel tables, a moveable fence which is normally set perpendicular to the tables, and a cutter head which is typically driven by an electric induction motor. (Older machines were driven by belts from line shafts.)

The two tables are referred to as the "infeed" (table from which the work piece is fed into the machine) and "outfeed" (table to which the work piece is fed as it leaves the machine). The work piece to be planed flat is placed on the infeed table and passed over the cutter head to the outfeed table.

The cutter head contains two or more knives which are honed to a very sharp edge. The knives are arranged radially in the cylindrical cutter head such that their cutting edges protrude from the cutter head so that they will come into contact with the board being cut as the cutter head spins. The cutter head's axis of rotation is parallel to the table surfaces and perpendicular to the feed direction. The knives cut into the board in the direction opposite to the feed.

The infeed and outfeed tables can be raised or lowered independently of each other and in relation to the cutter head although the outfeed table is normally set so that it is level with the knives when at the top dead centre of the rotation of the cutter head. The infeed table is adjusted so that it is lower than the outfeed table and this gives the depth of cut.

Jointers for home workshops usually have a 4-6 inch (100-150mm) width of cut. Larger machines, often 8-16 inches (200-400mm), are used in industrial settings.


In operation, the board to be jointed is held with its face against the fence and the edge to be jointed resting on the infeed table. The board is fed across the cutter head and onto the outfeed table. The knives in the revolving cutter head remove an amount of material and the relationship of the two tables and the fence keeps the board oriented in such a way that the result is an edge which is flat along its length and perpendicular to the board's face.

A jointer may also be used to flatten the face of a board, in which case the sole focus is to produce a flat surface on the face of the board and the fence is not used. This procedure is often performed prior to edge jointing so that the board has a flat reference face for subsequent operations.

To straighten a piece of bowed timber, the guard is temporarily swung out of the way. The machine is switched on and the timber is slowly lowered to the machine table, with the concave side down. A few cuts are made out of the red section "A".The timber is turned end for end and the same procedure is done to the section "B". This is repeated as required with the operator sighting along the length of the timber from time to time to check on straightness of the timber. When the timber is almost straight, the guard is replaced and the last cut is made in the normal way.

Twisted material is treated in a similar way. The operator lays the timber on the bed of the machine and rocks it slowly from side to side to estimate the amount of twist. If there is, say, 20mm of twist in the board, he holds the board level and takes 10mm off one end, then repeats it for the other end.

Jointers are also used for making rebates (also known as rabbets in North America) in finished timber. The fence is set to the width of the rebate and the infeed table is set to the depth. A jointer that is used for rebating has the outside ends of its blades also sharpened and set with a small clearance from the cutter head.

A jointer cannot be used to create a board of even thickness along its length. For this task, after jointing one face, a thickness planer is used. Thickness planers and jointers are often combined into one machine, with the work piece passing underneath the same rotating blade for thicknessing, but in the opposite direction.

Linguistic note

The term "planer" is an acceptable synonym for "jointer" in the UK and Australia, but not in North America, where the former term refers exclusively to a thickness planer.

ee also

* Thickness planer

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • jointer — ● jointer verbe transitif (de joint 1) Dans le travail des cuirs, réunir deux pièces placées bord à bord. Rapprocher et coller les bords de deux feuilles de placage. ⇒JOINTER, verbe trans. Synon. de joindre (v. ce mot I B 1). La fenêtre jointait… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jointer — Joint er, n. 1. One who, or that which, joints. [1913 Webster] 2. A plane for smoothing the surfaces of pieces which are to be accurately joined; especially: (a) The longest plane used by a joiner. (b) (Coopering) A long stationary plane, for… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • jointer — [join′tər] n. 1. a person or machine that joints 2. a long plane used in jointing boards 3. a triangular device with an edge, fastened to a plow beam 4. a tool for finishing mortar joints, as of brickwork …   English World dictionary

  • jointer — noun Date: 1678 one that joints; especially any of various tools used in preparing wood (as for a joint) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • jointer — /joyn teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that joints. 2. a tool or machine used in making joints. 3. Agric. a device with a triangular head, used with a plow to bury trash. 4. Law Obs. a man who holds a jointure. [1645 55; JOINT + ER1] * * * …   Universalium

  • jointer — noun a) One that joints b) Any of various tools used to construct or finish joints, especially …   Wiktionary

  • jointer — n. hand tool used to form the edges of boards into joints, long plane (Carpentry); tool used for pointing cement or mortar in brickwork (Construction) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • jointer — noun 1》 a plane for preparing a wooden edge for joining to another. 2》 a tool for pointing masonry and brickwork. 3》 a person who joints pipes or wires …   English new terms dictionary

  • jointer — n. (Carpentry.) Jointing plane …   New dictionary of synonyms

  • jointer — joint·er …   English syllables

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