Slovak koruna


Slovak koruna

Infobox Currency
currency_name_in_local = slovenská koruna sk icon
image_1 = Slovak Crown 01.jpg
image_title_1 = 20, 200, 500 korún
image_2 = Coin 1sk small.jpg
image_title_2 = 1 koruna
iso_code = SKK
using_countries = flag|Slovakia
inflation_rate = 2.0%
inflation_source_date = " [http://www.nbs.sk/PRESS/PR070315.HTM National Bank of Slovakia] ", March 2007
ERM_since = 28 November 2005
euro_replace_cash = 1 January 2009
ERM_fixed_rate = 30.1260 Sk1
ERM_band = 15%
subunit_ratio_1 = 1/100
subunit_name_1 = halier
symbol = Sk
symbol_subunit_1 = h
plural_slavic = Y
used_coins = 50 h, 1 Sk, 2 Sk, 5 Sk, 10 Sk
used_banknotes = 20 Sk, 50 Sk, 100 Sk, 200 Sk, 500 Sk, 1000 Sk, 5000 Sk
issuing_authority = National Bank of Slovakia
issuing_authority_website = www.nbs.sk
footnotes =

  1. The rate has changed twice. See article for details.

The Slovak koruna ( _sk. slovenská koruna) is the currency of Slovakia since February 8, 1993. The ISO 4217 code is "SKK" and the local abbreviation is "Sk". The koruna was also the currency of the WWII Slovak Republic between 1939 and 1945. Both koruna were subdivided into 100 "halierov" (abbreviated as "hal." or simply "h", : "halier"). The abbreviation is placed behind the numeric value. Slovakia will switch their currency from the koruna to the euro on January 1, 2009, at a rate of 30.1260 korún to the euro.

In the Slovak language, "koruna" and "halier" are used in their genitive forms, i.e., "koruny" or "korún" and "halierov", after numerals, unless the preposition or other circumstances require another case. "Koruny" [ [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/lo.html#Econ CIA - The World Factbook -- Slovakia] . 15 May 2007; accessed 19 May 2007.] appears after the numbers ending in 2, 3 or 4, with "korún" being used after other numbers.

WWII koruna

The koruna (Slovak: "koruna slovenská", note the different word ordering from the modern koruna) was the currency of the Slovak Republic from 1939 to 1945. The Slovak koruna replaced the Czechoslovak koruna at par and was replaced by the reconstituted Czechoslovak koruna, again at par. Its abbreviation was "Ks".

Initially, the Slovak koruna was at par with the Bohemian and Moravian koruna, with 10 korún = 1 Reichsmark. This was changed, on October 1, 1940, to a rate of 11.62 Slovak korún = 1 Reichsmark, with the value of the Bohemian and Moravian currency unchanged against the Reichsmark.

Coins

In 1939, coins were introduced in denominations of 10 halierov, 5 and 20 korún, with 20 and 50 halierov and 1 koruna added in 1940. The 10 and 20 halierov were bronze, the 50 halierov and 1 koruna cupro-nickel, the 5 korún nickel and the 20 korún was silver. In 1942, zinc 5 halierov were introduced and aluminium replaced bronze in the 20 halierov. Aluminium 50 halierov followed in 1943. Silver 10 and 50 korún were introduced in 1944.

Compared to the pre-war Czechoslovak koruna, the Slovak koruna coins had an additional 50 Ks, the silver content of the 10 and 20 Ks coins was reduced from 700 to 500 ‰ and all but 5 Ks shrank in physical sizes. The designers were Anton Hám, Andrej Peter, Gejza Angyal, Ladislav Majerský and František Štefunko. Coins were minted in the Kremnica Mint.

Banknotes

In 1939, Czechoslovak notes for 100, 500 and 1000 korún were issued with SLOVENSKÝ ŠTÁT overprinted on them for use in Slovakia. That year also saw the introduction of 10 and 20 korún notes by the government. In 1940, the Slovak National Bank (Slovenska Národná Banka) introduced 50, 100 and 1000 korún notes, followed by 500 korún in 1941 and 5000 korún in 1944. The government introduced 5 korún notes in 1945.

Besides Slovak, the denomination was also written in German, Rusyn and Hungarian on the back of the banknotes.

Modern koruna

In 1993, the newly independent Slovakia introduced its own koruna, replacing the Czechoslovak koruna at par.

Coins

Coin image box 2 singles
header = 1 Slovak koruna 1996
image_left =

image_right=

caption_left = Coat of arms
caption_right = Madonna with child
width_left = 90
width_right = 90
position = right
margin = 0
In 1993, coins were introduced in denominations of 10, 20 and 50 halierov, 1, 2, 5 and 10 korún. The 10 and 20 halierov coins were taken out of circulation on 31 December 2003.

The obverse of the coins feature the Coat of Arms of Slovakia, with motifs from Slovak history are on the reverses.
*10 h - Octagonal wooden belfry from Zemplin (early 19th century A.D.)
*20 h - the Kriváň peak in the High Tatras
*50 h - Renaissance polygonal tower of Devín Castle-0,02 Euro
*1 Sk - Gothic wooden sculpture of the Madonna with child (A.D. 1500)-0,03 Euro
*2 Sk - Earthen sculpture of the sitting Venus (4th millennium B.C.")-0,07 Euro
*5 Sk - Reverse of a Celtic coin of Biatec (1st century B.C.)-0,17 Euro
*10 Sk - Bronze cross (11th century A.D.)-0,33 Euro

Banknotes

In 1993, banknotes were issued in denominations of 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 korún. These were produced by affixing stamps bearing the arms of Slovakia and the denomination to Czechoslovak banknotes.

Later in 1993, regular type banknotes were introduced in the same denominations, with 5000 korún notes added in 1994. The main motifs on the obverses of the banknotes represent important people living in the territory of the present Slovakia in various historical eras. On the reverses, these motifs are completed by depicting places where these people lived and were active.
*20 Sk - Pribina, the first known Slovak ruler of the Principality of Nitra, located in present-day Slovakia(0,66 Euro)
*50 Sk - Saints Cyril and Methodius, the first Slav missionaries(1,66 Euro)
*100 Sk - The Madonna from the Altar of Birth in St. Jacob's Church at Levoča(3,32 Euro)
*200 Sk - Anton Bernolák, linguist, author of one of the first versions of Slovak literary language(6,64 Euro)
*500 Sk - Ľudovít Štúr, Slovakian nationalist linguist, founder of the current Slovak literary language(16,6 Euro)
*1000 Sk - Andrej Hlinka, eminent personality, politician in the beginning of the 20th century(33,19 Euro)
*5000 Sk - Milan Rastislav Štefánik, diplomat, politician, soldier and astronomer, co-founder of Czechoslovakia.(165,97 Euro)

Historical exchange rates

The graph shows the value of the euro in koruna from 1999 to 2005. As may be seen, the currency has been strengthening as Slovakia's economy has done the same. The koruna joined the ERM II on 28 November 2005 at the rate of € = 38.4550 Sk with a 15% band. [cite news | title= Slovak Koruna Included in the ERM II | url= http://www.nbs.sk/PRESS/PR051128.HTM | publisher= National Bank of Slovakia | date=2005-11-28 | accessdate=2007-03-17 ] [cite web | author= European Commission | url= http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/euro/world/euro_world_6_en.htm | title= Exchange Rate Mechanism II (ERM II) | accessdate=2007-03-17 ] On 17 March 2007, this rate was readjusted to 35.4424 Sk with the same band, an 8.5% increase in the value of the koruna. [cite news | author = Radoslav Tomek and Meera Louis | title= Slovakia, EU Raise Koruna's Central Rate After Appreciation | url= http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601087&sid=aiS3SZQS4WPM&refer=home | publisher= Bloomberg | date=2007-03-17 | accessdate=2007-03-17 ] On the same day, 1 euro traded at 33.959 Sk. The central rate of koruna was then adjusted once more on 28 May 2008 to 30.1260 with no change in the band. [cite news | author = Radoslav Tomek and Meera Louis | title = Slovakia Wins EU Approval to Let Koruna Strengthen | url = http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601085&sid=a8LKIYWhk98s&refer=europe | publisher= Bloomberg | date=2008-05-28 | accessdate=2008-05-29 ] For the moment, the Slovak government has been content to let the koruna gain value.

ee also

* Bohemian and Moravian koruna
* Czech koruna
* Czechoslovak koruna
* Slovak euro coins
* Economy of Slovakia

References

*numis cite SCWC | date=1991
*numis cite SCWPM | date=1994
*cite book | author=Biľak, M. - Jízdný, M. | title=Zberatelský katalóg mincí Československa | publisher=Československá Numizmatická Spoločnosť, Pobočka Košice | year=1988

External links

Standard numismatics external links
world_coin_gallery_1_url = Slovakia
world_coin_gallery_1_name = Slovakia
banknote_world_1_url = slovakia
banknote_world_1_name = Slovakia
dollarization_1_url =
dollarization_1_name =
gfd_1_url = Slovakia
gfd_1_name = Slovakia
gfd_data_1_url = 5346
gfd_data_1_name = Slovakia Korun
show_gfd_excel = Y


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