August Dillmann


August Dillmann
Christian Friedrich August Dillmann
Head and torso portrait in black and white.  Depicts a light-haired man in dinner jacket and bow tie, wearing thin wire-rimmed spectacles.
Born April 25, 1823(1823-04-25)
Illingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Died July 7, 1894(1894-07-07) (aged 71)
Occupation Orientalist and biblical scholar
Nationality German
Education University of Tübingen

Signature Dr. A. Dillman

Christian Friedrich August Dillmann (April 25, 1823 – July 7, 1894) was a German orientalist and biblical scholar.

Contents

Life

The son of a Württemberg schoolmaster, he was born at Illingen. He was educated at the University of Tübingen, where he became a pupil and friend of Heinrich Ewald, and studied under Ferdinand Christian Baur, though he did not join the new Tübingen school. For a short time he worked as pastor at Gersheim, near his native place, but he soon came to feel that his studies demanded his whole time.

He devoted himself to the study of Ethiopic manuscripts in the libraries of Paris, London and Oxford, and this work caused a revival of Ethiopic study in the 19th century. In 1847 and 1848 he prepared catalogues of the Ethiopic manuscripts in the British Museum (now the British Library) and the Bodleian Library at Oxford. He then set to work upon an edition of the Ethiopic bible.

Returning to Tübingen in 1848, in 1853 he was appointed professor extraordinarius. Subsequently he became professor of philosophy at the University of Kiel (1854), and of theology in Giessen (1864) and Berlin (1869).

Works

In 1851 he had published the Book of Enoch in Ethiopian (German, 1853), and at Kiel he completed the first part of the Ethiopic bible, Octateuchus Aethiopicus (1853–1855). In 1857 appeared his Grammatik der äthiopischen Sprache (2nd ed. by Carl Bezold, 1899); in 1859 the Book of Jubilees; in 1861 and 1871 another part of the Ethiopic bible, Libri Regum; in 1865 his great Lexicon linguæ aethiopicæ; in 1866 his Chrestomathia aethiopica.

Always a theologian at heart, he returned to theology in 1864. His Giessen lectures were published under the titles, Ursprung der alttestamentlichen Religion (1865) and Die Propheten des alten Bundes nach ihrer politischen Wirksamkeit (1868). In 1869 appeared his Commentar zum Hiob (4th ed. 1891) which stamped him as one of the foremost Old Testament exegetes.

His renown as a theologian was mainly founded on the series of commentaries, based on those of August Wilhelm Knobel's Genesis (Leipzig, 1875); Exodus und Leviticus, 1880; Numeri, Deuteronomium und Josua, with a dissertation on the origin of the Hexateuch, 1886; Jesaja, 1890. In 1877 he published the Ascension of Isaiah in Ethiopian and Latin. He. was also a contributor to Daniel Schenkel's Bibellexikon, Brockhaus's Conversationslexikon, and Johann Jakob Herzog's Realencyklopädie. His lectures on Old Testament theology, Vorlesungen über Theologie des Allen Testamentes, were published by Kittel in 1895.

References

External links


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  • August Dillmann — Christian Friedrich August Dillmann (* 25. April 1823 in Illingen; † 4. Juli 1894 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Orientalist und Theologe. Er war ein Sohn des Schulmeisters Elias Dillmann (1794–1877) und ein Bruder von Christian Heinrich Dillmann… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Christian Friedrich August Dillmann — (* 25. April 1823 in Illingen; † 4. Juli 1894 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Orientalist und Theologe. Er war ein Sohn des Schulmeisters Elias Dillmann (1794–1877) und ein Bruder von Christian Heinrich Dillmann (1829–1899). Inhaltsverzeichnis 1… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • August Wilhelm Karl Knobel — (* 7. Februar 1807 in Tschecheln bei Sorau; † 25. Mai 1863 in Gießen) war ein protestantischer Theologe. Knobel war der Sohn eines Landwirts. Seine intellektuelle Begabung wurde am Gymnasium in Sorau früh erkannt und durch seine Lehrer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DILLMANN, AUGUST° — (1823–1894), German Orientalist, Bible scholar, and theologian. Dillmann first studied Bible and theology and concentrated on Ethiopic studies at the universities of London, Paris, and Oxford in 1846–48. At Tuebingen he became professor… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Dillmann — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alfred Dillmann (1849 1924), Polizeipräsident und Vordenker des Antiziganismus August Dillmann (1823–1894), deutscher Orientalist und Theologe Christian Heinrich Dillmann (1829–1899), deutscher Pädagoge… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • August Knobel — August Wilhelm Karl Knobel (* 7. Februar 1807 in Tschecheln bei Sorau; † 25. Mai 1863 in Gießen) war ein protestantischer Theologe. Knobel war der Sohn eines Landwirts. Seine intellektuelle Begabung wurde am Gymnasium in Sorau früh erkannt und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dillmann — Dillmann, August, hervorragender Theolog und Orientalist, geb. 25. April 1823 zu Illingen in Württemberg, gest. 4. Juli 1894 in Berlin, widmete sich schon als Student der Theologie zu Tübingen (1840–45) orientalischen Studien, wurde 1848 Repetent …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dillmann — Dịllmann,   Christian Friedrich August, Orientalist und protestantischer Theologe, * Illingen 25. 4. 1823, ✝ Berlin 4. 7. 1894; Professor in Kiel, Gießen und Berlin, wurde zum Begründer der modernen äthiopischen Philologie. Er verfasste auch… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Karl August Knobel — August Wilhelm Karl Knobel (* 7. Februar 1807 in Tschecheln bei Sorau; † 25. Mai 1863 in Gießen) war ein protestantischer Theologe. Knobel war der Sohn eines Landwirts. Seine intellektuelle Begabung wurde am Gymnasium in Sorau früh erkannt und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Christian Heinrich Dillmann — (* 30. Dezember 1829 in Illingen; † 18. Dezember 1899 in Stuttgart) war Pädagoge und Schulreformer. Die Realgymnasien in Württemberg entstanden auf seine Initiative hin. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Leistungen 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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