- Treaty of Ryswick
The Treaty of Ryswick or Ryswyck was signed on 20 September 1697 and named after Ryswick (now known as Rijswijk) in the Dutch Republic. The treaty settled the Nine Years' War, which pitted France against the Grand Alliance of England, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire and the United Provinces.
Negotiations started in May. The French representatives had their headquarters at The Hague and the allies were based in Delft: the conference taking place in between the two towns in the Huis ter Nieuwburg in Ryswick.
For the first few weeks no result was reached, so in June the two protagonists in the struggle, William III of Orange and Louis XIV of France, each appointed one representative to meet together privately. The two chosen were William Bentinck, Earl of Portland, and Marshal Boufflers, and they soon drew up the terms of an agreement, to which, however, the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I and Charles II of Spain would not assent. But in a short time Spain gave way, and on 20 September a treaty of peace was signed between France and the three powers, England, Spain and the United Provinces. William then persuaded Leopold to make peace, and a treaty between France and the Holy Roman Empire was signed on the following 30 October.
The basis of the peace was that all towns and districts seized since the Treaty of Nijmegen (1679) should be restored. Then France surrendered Freiburg, Breisach and Philippsburg - to the Holy Roman Empire, although she kept Strasbourg. On the other hand, she was granted Saint-Domingue (later to become Haiti) and regained Pondicherry (after paying the Dutch a sum of 16,000 pagodas) and Nova Scotia, while Spain recovered Catalonia, and the barrier fortresses of Mons, Luxembourg and Kortrijk. The Duchy of Lorraine, which for many years had been in the possession of France, was restored to Leopold Joseph, a son of Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine, and the Dutch were to be allowed to garrison some of the chief fortresses in the Spanish Netherlands, including Namur and Ypres. Louis undertook to recognize William III as king of England, and promised to give no further assistance to James II of England; he abandoned his interference in the electorate of Cologne and also the claim which he had put forward to some of the lands of the Electoral Palatinate.
The War of the Grand Alliance also played out in North America, where it was called King William's War. The French colonies of Acadia and New France (Canada), along with their Native allies (notably Abenaki, Pennacook, and Huron), fought with the Northern English colonies and their Native allies (notably Iroquois and Mohawk). The Treaty of Ryswick returned the territorial borders to where they had been before the war (status quo ante bellum). The Iroquois nation, deserted by their English allies, continued to make war on the French colonies until 1701.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- "The History of Haiti and the Haitian Revolution". City of Miami. http://www.ci.miami.fl.us/haiti2004/history.htm. Retrieved 2007-08-22.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Treaty of Ryswick — treaty which ended the King William s War and returned all territory to its prewar status (signed in 1697 by France, England, Spain, and the Netherlands) … English contemporary dictionary
Ryswick, Treaty of — Concluded in 1697; brought peace between Great Britain and France. Provided for the mutual restoration of all places taken by either party during the war; the appointment of commissioners to determine their respective rights in Hudson Bay;… … The makers of Canada
Barrier Treaty — The Barrier Treaties were the names of three agreements signed and ratified during the War of Spanish Succession.FirstThe first Barrier Treaty (also known as the Treaty of Den Haag or the Treaty of The Hague [Myers, p. 799. By the first barrier… … Wikipedia
Nine Years' War — For the Irish war, see Nine Years War (Ireland). Nine Years War Siege of Namur, June … Wikipedia
Louis XIV of France — Louis XIV and Louis Quatorze redirect here. For other uses, see Louis XIV (disambiguation) and Louis Quatorze (disambiguation). Sun King and Le Roi Soleil redirect here. For the Beatles song, see Sun King (song). For the French musical, see Le… … Wikipedia
Second Stadtholderless Period — The Second Stadtholderless Period or Era ( nl. Tweede Stadhouderloze Tijdperk) is the designation in Dutch historiography of the period between the death of stadtholder William III on March 19 [This is the date from the Gregorian calendar that… … Wikipedia
Haiti — Republic of Haiti République d Haïti (French) Repiblik Ayiti … Wikipedia
French India — Infobox Former Country native name = Établissements français de l Inde conventional long name = French India common name = India continent = moved from Category:Asia to South Asia region = South Asia country = India empire = France status =… … Wikipedia
History of Puducherry — The History of Puducherry can be traced back to 1st century. Early periodThe Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, of the 1st century, mentions a marketplace named Poduke or Poduca (ch. 60), which G.W.B. Huntingford identified as possibly being… … Wikipedia
Palatinate-Zweibrücken — County Palatine of Zweibrücken Pfalz Zweibrücken State of the Holy Roman Empire ← … Wikipedia