- House of Leiningen
Leiningen is the name of an old German family whose lands lay principally in Alsace, Lorraine and the Palatinate. The first count of Leiningen about whom anything certain is known was a certain Emich II (d. before 1138), whose family became extinct in the male line when Count Frederick, a Minnesinger, died about 1220. Frederick's sister, Liutgarde, married Simon II, count of Saarbrücken, and Frederick, one of their sons, inheriting the lands of the counts of Leiningen, took their arms and their name. Having increased its possessions the Leiningen family was divided about 1317 into two branches; the elder of these, whose head was a landgrave, died out in 1467. On this event its lands fell to a female, the last landgrave's sister Margaret, wife of Reinhard, lord of Westerburg, and their descendants were known as the family of Leiningen-Westerburg. Later this family was divided into two branches, those of Alt-Leiningen-Westerburg and Neu-Leiningen-Westerburg, both of which are represented today.
Meanwhile the younger branch of the Leiningens, known as the family of Leiningen-Dagsburg, was flourishing, and in 1560 this was divided into the lines of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hartenburg, founded by Count Johann Philip (d. 1562), and Leiningen-Dagsburg-Heidesheim or Falkenburg, founded by Count Emicho (d. 1593). In 1779 the head of the former line was raised to the rank of a prince of the Empire. In 1801 this family was deprived of its lands on the left bank of the Rhine by France, but in 1803 it received ample compensation for these losses. A few years later its possessions were mediatized, and they are now included mainly in Baden, but partly in Bavaria and in Hesse.
A former head of this family, Prince Emich Charles, married Maria Louisa Victoria, princess of Saxe-Coburg; after his death in 1814 the princess married Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, a younger son of George III, by whom she became the mother of Queen Victoria. In 1910 the head of the family was Prince Emich (b. 1866).
The family of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Heidesheim was divided into three branches, the two senior of which became extinct. At present it is represented by the counts of Leiningen-Guntersblum and Leiningen-Heidesheim, called also Leiningen-Billigheim and Leiningen-Neidenau.
- Prince of Leiningen
- Princess of Leiningen
- Brinckmeier, Genealogische Geschichte des Hauses Leiningen (Brunswick, 1890–1891)
- Ingo Toussaint: Die Grafen von Leiningen. Jan Thorbecke Verlag, Sigmaringen 1982. ISBN 3-7995-7017-9
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Leiningen-Westerburg — 1467 1547 Capital Circle Bench Leiningen Union of Leiningen and Westerburg 1467 Divided into Westerburg Leiningen Leiningen and Westerburg Leiningen Westerburg … Wikipedia
Leiningen — may refer to:*Leiningen, Germany *House of Leiningen *Leiningen, the protagonist of the 1938 short story, Leiningen Versus the Ants … Wikipedia
House of Nassau-Weilburg — Country Nassau, Luxembourg Ancestral house House of Nassau, House of Bourbon Parma … Wikipedia
Leiningen Versus the Ants — Infobox short story | name = Leiningen Versus the Ants title orig = translator = author = Carl Stephenson country = Germany language = English series = genre = Short story published in = Esquire publication type = Magazine publisher = media type … Wikipedia
House of Vasaborg — The House of Vasaborg was a noble family of Sweden and a branch of the House of Vasa. Origins King Gustav II Adolf of Sweden had an illegitimate son called Gustav Gustavsson that was ennobled with the surname af Vasaborg in 1637. Queen Christina… … Wikipedia
Carl, 3rd Prince of Leiningen — Carl 3rd Prince of Leiningen Carl, 3rd Prince of Leiningen Prince of Leiningen Reign 4 July 1814 – 13 November 1856 Predecessor … Wikipedia
Alexandra, Princess of Leiningen — Infobox Hanoverian Royalty|highness|consort name = Princess Alexandra title = Princess of Leiningen imgw = full name = Alexandra Irene Margaretha Elisabeth Bathildis titles = HRH The Princess of Leiningen HRH Princess Andreas of Leiningen HRH… … Wikipedia
Andreas, 8th Prince of Leiningen — Infobox Person name = Andreas, 8th Prince of Leiningen image size = caption = birth name = birth date = birth date and age|1955|11|27 birth place = Frankfurt, Hesse, Germany death date = death place = death cause = title = HSH The Prince of… … Wikipedia
Prince Hermann Friedrich of Leiningen — Prince Hermann of Leiningen (born April 16, 1963) is the younger son of Prince Karl of Leiningen and of his wife Princess Marie Louise of Bulgaria. Hermann was born in Toronto, Canada as Hermann Friedrich Fernando Roland. Through his mother… … Wikipedia
Westerburg-Leiningen-Leiningen — 1547 1635 Capital Circle Bench Leiningen Partitioned from Leiningen Westerburg 1547 ext. 1635 Leiningen Westerburg was an historic state of the Holy Roman Emp … Wikipedia