Old Kilpatrick


Old Kilpatrick

Coordinates: 55°55′30″N 4°27′33″W / 55.9250°N 4.4593°W / 55.9250; -4.4593

Old Kilpatrick
Scottish Gaelic: Cille Phàdraig[1]
Scots: Auld Kilpatrick[1]
Old Kilpatrick 1109.jpg
Old Kilpatrick and the Kilpatrick Hills, seen across the Forth and Clyde Canal
Old Kilpatrick is located in West Dunbartonshire
Old Kilpatrick

 Old Kilpatrick shown within West Dunbartonshire
OS grid reference NS463729
Council area West Dunbartonshire
Lieutenancy area Dunbartonshire
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Glasgow
Postcode district G60
Police Strathclyde
Fire Strathclyde
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament West Dunbartonshire
West of Scotland
List of places: UK • Scotland •

Old Kilpatrick (Scots: Auld Kilpatrick, Scottish Gaelic: Cille Phàdraig meaning "Patrick's church", Latin: Clotagenium meaning "Clyde-mouth") is a village in West Dunbartonshire, Scotland.

The village is on the north bank of the River Clyde immediately to the north of the Forth and Clyde Canal, three miles from Clydebank on the road to Dumbarton. The Great Western Road runs through Old Kilpatrick, and the next village to its west is Bowling. The modern A82 trunk road runs to the north of Old Kilpatrick, between the village and the foot of the Kilpatrick Hills. There is a myth that it was the birthplace of Saint Patrick. Saint Patrick's Well is located here.

Contents

Roman fort

The western end of the Antonine Wall was at Old Kilpatrick (the eastern end, 59 km distant was at Bridgeness on the Forth). The physical traces of the wall had been erased but the route was surveyed during the 18th century and traced to the Chapel Hill where various Roman artifacts were found.[2]

When the Forth and Clyde Canal was being dug in 1790 the remains of a bathhouse were discovered. In 1913 the foundations of the fort which had been conjectured as being in the vicinity were confirmed; in the Ravenna Cosmography, an ancient map, this site was called "Clotagenium"[3]. However it was not until 1923 and the redevelopment of the area that significant archeology was undertaken, which established the size and nature of the fort. Established around 81 AD, it occupied an area of about four acres enclosed by an outer defensive wall. Internally, buildings discovered included a praetorium (headquarters), barracks and a granary.[4] Major development precluded further significant excavation, and nothing is visible of the remains today: the remains lie beneath the houses of Gavinburn Gardens to the east, a large commercial building to the west and the A814 road to the north.

Later history

View looking south from the Kilpatrick Hills over the houses of Old Kilpatrick to the River Clyde, with Erskine Hospital clearly visible on the other side of the Clyde.

The parish system was introduced to Scotland in the 13th century. In about 1227, the church and lands of Kilpatrick were gifted to Paisley Abbey by Maldowen, Earl of Lennox. The parish remained under the supervision of the Abbey until the Reformation in 1560.[5]

At the Dissolution, the Church property fell into the possession of Lord Sempill. Eventually the lands were conferred on Claude Hamilton (a boy of ten), founder of the Abercorn family.[6] His son James Hamilton was created Lord Abercorn on 5 April 1603, then on 10 July 1606 he was made Earl of Abercorn and Lord of Paisley, Hamilton, Mountcastell and Kilpatrick.

Kilpatrick was split into two parishes - Old (Wester or West) and New Kilpatrick (also known as Easter or East) by an Act of Parliament on 16 February 1649.[7][8] This division is of note because this was a split of both the ecclesiastical and civil parishes and the wealth and stipend of the original parish was shared between the two new parishes. It was more common for new parishes to have "daughter" status, with wealth retained by the central, or cathedral church.[5]

Old Kilpatrick was created a Burgh of barony in 1697.[9] Its population tripled between 1755 and 1821 as the spinning and weaving industries developed. By 1831 the population was 5,800.[9]

Today it is close to the north end of the Erskine Bridge and is served by Kilpatrick railway station on the North Clyde Line.

There are Three public houses that are located within Old Kilpatrick,The Telstar, The Ettrick [10] and the Glen Lusset.

In 2011, the Telstar public house re-opened giving the village a total of three public houses.[11]

There used to be an annual fete but it died out in the 1990s due to poor attendance. Also at the north end of Old Kilpatrick is the local school. Gavinburn Primary School (which was bombed in WW2) where they also have many fetes annually.

The minerals edingtonite and thomsonite were first found at Old Kilpatrick.[12]

In the early 1990s a large housing estate was constructed at the edge of Old Kilpatrick, the one estate was said to double the size of Old Kilpatrick.

The local parish is St. Patrick's RC Church; the current parish priest is Fr. Francis Wilson.[13]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b List of railway station names in English, Scots and Gaelic – NewsNetScotland
  2. ^ Statistical Accounts of Scotland 1834-45 vol 8 p21
  3. ^ http://www.romanmap.com/htm/nomina/AntonineWall.htm
  4. ^ Miller, S.N. (1924) The Roman Fort at Old Kilpatrick, Glasgow Archaeological Society.
  5. ^ a b McCardel, J (1949). The Parish of New Kilpatrick. University Press Glasgow. 
  6. ^ Leicester Addis, ME (1901). The Cathedrals and Abbeys of Presbyterian Scotland. The Westminster Press. 
  7. ^ The Records of the Parliaments of Scotland to 1707, K.M. Brown et al (St Andrews University) Date accessed: 13 Sept 2011
  8. ^ History of Drumchapel
  9. ^ a b Statistical Accounts of Scotland 1834-45 vol 8 p23
  10. ^ http://www.theettrick.com/
  11. ^ http://www.glenlusset.com/about
  12. ^ Alec Livingstone, 2002, Minerals of Scotland, Edinburgh, National Museums of Scotland
  13. ^ http://www.rcag.org.uk/parishes_stpatricks_oldkilpatrick.htm

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Old Kilpatrick — Original name in latin Old Kilpatrick Name in other language Kilpatrick, Old Kilpatrick, West Kilpatrick State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 55.92241 latitude 4.45567 altitude 26 Population 3528 Date 2011 03 03 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Old Kilpatrick railway station — Old Kilpatrick Location Place Old Kilpatrick …   Wikipedia

  • Kilpatrick, Old, or West —    KILPATRICK, OLD, or WEST, a parish, in the county of Dumbarton; containing, with the late quoad sacra parish of Duntocher, and the villages of BowlingBay, Dalmuir, Dalmuir Shore, Dumbuck, Little Mill, and Milton, 7020 inhabitants, of whom 819… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Kilpatrick — is an Irish and Scottish surname. The name refers to:;Persons: *Ben Kilpatrick (1877–1912), American outlaw in the Old West, member of Butch Cassidy’s Wild Bunch gang *Carolyn C. Kilpatrick (b. 1945), American politician from Detroit, Michigan… …   Wikipedia

  • Kilpatrick — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (* 1945), US amerikanische Politikerin Hugh Judson Kilpatrick (1836–1881), US General im Sezessionskrieg und US Diplomat James J. Kilpatrick (1920–2010), US amerikanischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Kilpatrick railway station — Infobox UK station name = Kilpatrick other name = caption = code = KPT manager = First ScotRail locale = Old Kilpatrick borough = West Dunbartonshire platforms = 2 pte = SPT lowusage0203 = 56,000 lowusage0405 = 63,977 lowusage0506 = 68,119… …   Wikipedia

  • Kilpatrick, New, or East —    KILPATRICK, NEW, or EAST, a parish, partly in the county of Dumbarton, and partly in the county of Stirling, 6 miles (N. W. by N.) from Glasgow; containing, with the village of Milngavie in the latter county, and in the former the villages of… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Kilpatrick — (spr. Kilpätrick), 1) (Old K.), Kirchspiel in der schottischen Grafschaft Dunbarton; Eisengießereien Baumwollenmanufacturen, Steinkohlengruben; 4000 Ew,; römische Alterthümer; 2)(New K.), Kirchspiel ebendaselbst; 1800 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Old Market (Omaha, Nebraska) — Old Market Historic District U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. Historic district …   Wikipedia


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