Giles Farnaby


Giles Farnaby

Infobox musical artist
Name = Giles Farnaby


Img_capt =
Background = non_performing_personnel
Born = Circa 1563,
probably either Truro, Cornwall, or London, England
Died = November 1640 (aged about 77); buried St Giles Cripplegate,
London, England
Genre = Renaissance music
Occupation = Composer, organist and virginalist
Years_active = Late 16th century to early 17th century

Giles Farnaby (c. 1563 – November 1640) was an English composer and virginalist of the Renaissance period.

Life

Giles Farnaby was born about 1563, perhaps in Truro, Cornwall, England or near London. His father, Thomas, was a "Cittizen and Joyner of London", and Giles may have been related to Thomas Farnaby (c. 1575–1647), the famous schoolmaster of Kent. But it was his cousin Nicholas Farnaby (c. 1560–1630), who may have turned him to music. Nicholas was a virginal maker, at this time a generic word that included the entire family of plucked keyboard instruments: the harpsichord, virginal, muselar and doubtless the clavichord, and it is for these instruments that Farnaby's compositions are best known. Like his father however, Giles trained as a joiner or cabinet-maker, starting his apprenticeship in about 1583, and gave this trade as his occupation for most of his life.

He married Katherine Roane on 28 May 1587, and first lived in the parish of St. Helen's, Bishopsgate, in London. The couple had a daughter, Philadelphia, baptised on 8 August 1591, when the Farnabys moved to the neighbouring parish of St. Peter's, Westcheap, and later a son, Richard Farnaby (1594 - 1623). After Philadelphia's premature death, prior to 1602, the Farnabys had three more children: a son Joy (1599), a daughter, also baptised Philadelphia (1602), and a last son, Edward (1604).

In spite of his social background, hardly suited at this time to a university education, he graduated from the University of Oxford on 7 July 1592, receiving a Bachelor’s degree in music. This was the very same day that John Bull, his eminent fellow composer to be, obtained his degree: Bull evidently knew Farnaby, and influenced his musical style considerably.

In 1602 the family moved to Aisthorpe in Lincolnshire, where they remained until at least 1610. Farnaby obtained a position in the household of Sir Nicholas Saunderson of Fillingham, as music teacher to his children. By 1614 the Farnabys had returned to London, registered at Grub Street, Cripplegate in 1634, where Giles died in 1640 and was buried on 25 November.

Works

Farnaby is considered one of the great English virginalists, together with William Byrd, John Bull, Orlando Gibbons, Peter Philips and Thomas Tomkins among others. Unlike them however, he is the only one not to have been a professional musician.

His best known works are included in the Fitzwilliam Virginal Book, which contains 52 of his pieces. Notable among them are 11 fantasias, a wonderful and technically demanding set of variations called "Woody-Cock", and short but charming descriptive pieces such as "Giles Farnabys Dreame", "His Rest", "Farnabyes Conceit" and "His Humour". There are also four pieces by his son, Richard. In addition to his keyboard compositions, Farnaby also composed madrigals, canzonets and psalms.

Notes

* The Penguin Cafe Orchestra recorded a song entitled "Giles Farnaby's Dream" in 1978.
* In 1973 an LP called Giles Farnaby's Dream Band was released on Argo Records. The band consisted of a one-off collaboration between three respected British early music ensembles: St. George's Canzona, Trevor Crozier's Broken Consort and the choral group The Druids. Backing them were three jazz musicians: Jeff Clyne (bass guitar), Dave MacRae (electric piano) and Trevor Tomkins (drums).

References

*"Giles & Richard Farnaby: Keyboard Music", in "Musica Britannica" XXIV, Stainer & Bell. Ltd., 1974. Contains entire keyboard works and biography.

External links

*ChoralWiki
*WIMA|idx=Farnaby|name=Giles Farnaby
*IMSLP|id=Farnaby%2C_Giles|cname=Giles Farnaby


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Giles Farnaby — (* 1560 à Truro, Cornwall † Londres, 25 novembre 1640) est un compositeur anglais. Il est surtout connu par sa production pour le virginal : il est l un des nombreux virginalistes et madrigalistes anglais qui illustrèrent la musique anglaise …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giles Farnaby — Giles (auch: Gilles) Farnaby (* 1562 in London ; † 25. November 1640 ebenda) war ein englischer Komponist. Farnabys genaues Geburtsdatum ist unbekannt. Erstmals erwähnt wurde er anlässlich seiner Hochzeit im Jahre 1587. Nach seiner… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Farnaby — Giles (auch: Gilles) Farnaby (* 1562 in London ; † 25. November 1640 ebenda) war ein englischer Komponist. Farnabys genaues Geburtsdatum ist unbekannt. Erstmals erwähnt wurde er anlässlich seiner Hochzeit im Jahre 1587. Nach seiner Ausbildung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Farnaby —   [ fɑːnəbɪ], Giles, englischer Komponist, * um 1563, begraben in London 25. 11. 1640; wurde 1592 in Oxford Baccalaureus der Musik; er und sein Sohn Richard (* um 1594) gehören zu den ältesten englischen Klavierkomponisten. Farnaby komponierte… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Farnaby, Giles — ▪ English composer born c. 1560, Truro, Cornwall, Eng. died 1640, London       English composer of virginal music and madrigals who ranks with the greatest keyboard composers of his day.       Farnaby was said to have come from the family of the… …   Universalium

  • Richard Farnaby — Richard Farnaby, né en 1594, mort vers 1623, est un compositeur anglais, fils de Giles Farnaby auprès duquel il apprit la musique. Il fut engagé par Sir Nicholas Saunderson[Contradiction !][Quand ?], à Fillingham près de Lincoln, pour ensei …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fitzwilliam Virginal Book — Le Fitzwilliam Virginal Book est le plus important recueil de musique pour le virginal ou le clavecin en Angleterre à la fin du XVIe siècle et au début du XVIIe siècle. Selon la tradition apocryphe le compilateur est Francis Tregian… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fitzwilliam virginal book — Le Fitzwilliam Virginal Book est le plus important recueil de musique pour le virginal ou le clavecin en Angleterre à la fin du XVIe siècle et au début du XVIIe siècle. Selon la tradition apocryphe le compilateur est Francis Tregian… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fitzwilliam Virginal Book — The Fitzwilliam Virginal Book is a primary source of keyboard music from the late Elizabethan and early Jacobean periods in England, i.e., the late Renaissance and very early Baroque. It takes its name from Viscount Fitzwilliam who bequeathed… …   Wikipedia

  • Fitzwilliam Virginal Book — Das Fitzwilliam Virginal Book ist die umfangreichste historische Sammlung der Cembalo Musik des späten 16. und frühen 17. Jahrhunderts in England. Sie wurde vermutlich vom Komponisten Francis Tregian (1574–1619) zusammengestellt.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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