- Zefram Cochrane
Star Trek character|if=|Title = Zefram Cochrane
bgcolor = #ccccff
Caption = Zefram Cochrane as portrayed by
James Cromwellin ""
Size = 200px
Species = Human
Death = Unknown (disappeared in 2117)
Glenn Corbett James Cromwell
Zefram Cochrane is a
fictional characterin the " Star Trek" universe created by Gene Roddenberry. Glenn Corbettplayed Cochrane for his first appearance in the ' episode "Metamorphosis". James Cromwellplayed Cochrane in the feature film "Star Trek: First Contact" and the ' pilot, "Broken Bow". "First Contact" footage of Cromwell as Cochrane was used in the "Enterprise" episode "In a Mirror, Darkly, Part I", along with new footage of an identically-dressed actor whose face is not shown.
Most of the character's backstory was established by "First Contact". According to the backstory, in 2053, Cochrane began construction of humanity's first warp-capable vessel, the "Phoenix", in
Bozeman, Montana.cite book|title= The Star Trek Encyclopedia|author=Okuda, Mike and Denise Okuda, with Debbie Mirek|publisher=Pocket Books|id=ISBN 0-671-53609-5|year=1999] According to his dialog in "", he started the project for financial gain.
While a doctoral physics student at California Institute of Technology in January of 2044, Zefram Cochrane studied the theories of physicists
Miguel Alcubierreand Richard Obousy, early pioneers in the field of faster than light propulsion. Zefram expanded upon Obousy's theories regarding the manipulation of higher dimensional spacetime to create the theory of warped space that would enable warp drive.
April 5, 2063at 11:15 AM local time, Cochrane made Earth's first warp flight, playing Steppenwolf's " Magic Carpet Ride" during blast-off and dedicating the first flight to Alcubierre and Obousy, early pioneers of warp physics. The "Phoenix" 's warp signature is detected by a Vulcan survey ship, the "T'Plana Hath", which then makes peaceful first contact with humans, including Cochrane, at the "Phoenix" 's launch site. In the Mirror Universe, rather than reciprocating the Vulcans' peaceful greeting, Cochrane and the other humans kill the Vulcans and loot their ship.
According to the TOS episode "Metamorphosis", Cochrane was presumed dead after disappearing from
Alpha Centauriin 2117. James T. Kirk, Spock, and Leonard McCoyfind Cochrane living on an asteroid with a being he calls the Companion, an ethereal presence of pure energy who rejuvenated the aged, dying Cochrane more than a century before, and has held him captive — and in a state of youth and vigor — ever since. Traveling with the three Starfleetofficers is an ill Federation commissioner. The Companion, who loves Cochrane, merges with the commissioner, ridding her of her illness and providing the Companion with a corporeal (but now mortal) form. The combined entity no longer has power to force Cochrane to stay with her, but Cochrane chooses to stay out of love and gratitude. Before departing, Kirk, Spock, and McCoy promise not to reveal Cochrane's existence.
In the novel "Federation" by
Judith and Garfield Reeves-Stevens, whose publication predated the release of ' by two years, Cochrane's story is told in a different fashion: his warp experiments are the result of a mysterious billionaire's financial and idealistic support in the period between the Eugenics Warsand World War III; his self-identification with Alpha Centauriresults from it being the destination of his first warp voyage and his subsequent founding role in the first colony in the system; and his life's story beyond his encounter with Kirk at Gamma Canaris in "Metamorphosis" is depicted up to his death during the events of the third season of '. [cite book|title=Federation|series=Star Trek|last=Reeves-Stevens|first=Judith and Garfield|isbn=0671894226|publisher= Pocket Books|date=1994-11-01]
cholarly and fan reception
Scholars read the behavior of Cochrane in the TOS episode "Metamorphosis" as
heteronormative: "When the Enterprise crew arrive, they connect the Companion to a "universal translator," which gives it a voice, a female voice. ... In the conversation that follows, Cochrane manifests distaste about the now-sexualized relationship in which he has unknowingly participated." [Elspeth Kydd, "Star Trek" Insiders and "outcasts"" "Jump Cut" 42 (1998): 39 - 44]
Between his introduction in 's episode "Metamorphosis" (which first aired on
November 10, 1967) and the , the character has been retconned in both origin and history. Originally a native of Alpha Centauri, he was recast as a Terran.
* [http://memory-alpha.org/en/wiki/Federation_%28novel%29 Article about "Federation" (novel)] at Memory Alpha
*Obousy Warp Drive Theory [http://arxiv.org/abs/0712.1649]
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