Ji (halberd)


Ji (halberd)

The ji (zh-cp|戟|"jǐ"), the Chinese halberd, was used as a military weapon in one form or another from at least as early as the Shang dynasty until the end of the Qing dynasty. They are still used for training purposes by many Chinese martial arts. The "ji" resembles a Chinese spear for the most part, with a small crescent blade attached to the head and a red horsehair tassel where the head is fixed to the shaft. It was a relatively common infantry weapon, especially in its common Bronze Age variant known as the dagger-axe, although it was used by cavalry and charioteers as well. There were several types of "ji", e.g. with a rectangular, serrated blade instead of the crescent-formed one, or spear tips with two curved blades attached (see the center halberd in illustration).

They have two or three sharp points of attack, the side blade or blades and the tip, plus often a rear counter weight that could be used to strike the opponent. The way the side blades are fixed to the main spear pole differs, but usually there are empty spaces between the pole and the side blade. The wielder could strike with the shaft, with the option of then pulling the halberd back to hook with a side blade; or slap his opponent with the flat side of the halberd blade to knock him off his horse.


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  • Halberd — Hal berd (h[o^]l b[ e]rd; 277), n. [F. hallebarde; of German origin; cf. MHG. helmbarte, G. hellebarte; prob. orig., an ax to split a helmet, fr. G. barte a broad ax (orig. from the same source as E. beard; cf. Icel. bar[eth]a, a kind of ax,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Halberd-shaped — Hal berd shaped ( sh[=a]pt ), a. Hastate. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • halberd — late 15c., from M.Fr. hallebarde (earlier alabarde, 15c.), from M.H.G. halmbarte broad axe with handle, from halm handle (see HELM (Cf. helm)) + barte hatchet, possibly from P.Gmc. *bardoz beard, also hatchet, broadax. Alternative etymology… …   Etymology dictionary

  • halberd — (also halbert) ► NOUN historical ▪ a combined spear and battleaxe. ORIGIN High German helmbarde, from helm handle + barde hatchet …   English terms dictionary

  • halberd — [hal′bərthal′bərd] n. [LME haubert < OFr hallebarde & MDu hellebaerde, both < MHG helmbarte < helm, handle, staff (see HELM2) + barte, an ax, var. of bart, BEARD] a combination spear and battle ax used in the 15th and 16th cent.: also… …   English World dictionary

  • Halberd — A halberd (also called halbert or Swiss voulge) is a two handed pole weapon that came to prominent use during the 14th and 15th centuries. Possibly the word halberd comes from the German words Halm (staff), and Barte (axe). The halberd consists… …   Wikipedia

  • halberd — /hal beuhrd, hawl , hol /; formerly /haw beuhrd/, n. a shafted weapon with an axlike cutting blade, beak, and apical spike, used esp. in the 15th and 16th centuries. Also, halbert /hal beuhrt, hawl , hol /; formerly /haw beuhrt/. [1485 95;… …   Universalium

  • halberd — UK [ˈhælbɜː(r)d] / US [ˈhælbɜrd] noun [countable] Word forms halberd : singular halberd plural halberds a weapon used in the past that was a spear with the head of an axe added to it …   English dictionary

  • halberd — noun A hand weapon consisting of a long pole fitted with a metal head; the head consists of a blade similar to an axe and usually a spike or hook.<! It seems that this article would benefit of attention of somebody who really knows what hes… …   Wiktionary

  • Halberd — A polearm weapon with an axe blade ( for slicing ) one one side balanced by a hook (for hooking and pulling the enemy) on the other side. It also had a point (for thrusting) at the very top. A weapon that emerged along with the glaive and… …   Medieval glossary

  • halberd willow — iešmalapis karklas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Gluosninių šeimos dekoratyvinis augalas (Salix hastata), paplitęs Europoje, Azijoje ir Šiaurės Amerikoje. atitikmenys: lot. Salix hastata angl. halberd willow šaltinis Valstybinės lietuvių… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)


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