- String orchestra
A string orchestra is understood as an
orchestracomposed solely of instruments of the violin family. These instruments are the violin, the viola, the violoncello and the double bass(the last sometimes considered an anomaly because of its resemblance to the violfamily.). String orchestras can be of chamber orchestra size ranging from between 12 and 21 musicians (6,5,4,4,2 = 21) sometimes performing without a conductor, or consist of the entire string section of a large symphony orchestra which could have 60 musicians (16,14,12,10,8 = 60). A twentieth century development has been the reappearance, minus continuo, of the concerto grosso pitting of soloists against the full ensemble.
The repertoire is graced with several works by
Mozart(including Eine kleine Nachtmusik) and Haydnwhich dispense with the baroque basso continuo. Some of these works are problematic when it comes to deciding whether they are for orchestra or string quartet. Particularly in Haydn's early works it is argued that the inversions of harmony from the occasional crossings of the bass and viola line imply a double bass; the question is not settled, however.
Important 20th century works have been written for string orchestra by
Béla Bartók(Divertimento), Stravinsky (Apollon Musagète), Witold Lutoslawski(Funeral Music) (Muzyka zalobna, 1958), Benjamin Britten( Simple Symphony), and Malcolm Williamson(Symphony No. 7). Sir Michael Tippettwrote a Concerto for Double String Orchestra and Ralph Vaughan Williamswrote a Partita for Double String Orchestra. Composers that have written a " Serenadefor Strings" for string orchestra include Tchaikovsky, Antonín Dvořák, Josef Sukand Edward Elgar. Mendelssohn also wrote a number of symphonies for string orchestra.
Sometimes works originally written for string quartet are arranged for string orchestra.
Samuel Barber's Adagio for Strings, Alban Berg's 3 Pieces from his Lyric Suite, Arnold Schoenberg's Second String Quartet and the sextet Verklärte Nacht, John Corigliano's Second String Quartet and Jean Sibelius's Andante Festivo for string orchestraare examples, though a timpani is also added in the Sibelius piece. The work Shaker Loopswritten in 1978 for septet then arranged in 1983 for string orchestra by the American composer John Coolidge Adamshas become a popular addition to the repertoire in recent times.
Other works for string orchestra
*Giovanni Albini - Una teoria della prossimità (2006)
Samuel Barber- Adagio for Strings
Richard Strauss- Metamorphosenfor 23 solo strings
Christopher Culpo- 3 visages
Edvard Grieg- Holberg Suite(originally written for piano then arranged for string orchestra)
Gustav Holst- St Paul's Suite
Nigel Keay- Serenade for Strings
Aulis Sallinen- Aspects of the Funeral March of Hintriki Peltoniemi (originally written for string quartet then arranged for string orchestra)
*Dimitri Tchesnokov - Réminiscence d'après la symphonie pour cordes
Robin Toan- dans la nuit (2006)
*Anthony Watson - Prelude and Allegro for Strings (1960)
Edward Elgar- Introduction and Allegro for Strings (1904-1905)
Ernest Bloch- Concerto Grosso No. 2
Malcolm Williamson- "Epitaphs for Edith Sitwell" (1966/72), "Ode for Queen Elizabeth" (1980), "Lento for Strings" (1985)
* [http://artofthestates.org/cgi-bin/instsearch.pl?inst=string%20orchestra Art of the States String orchestra works for string orchestra by American composers]
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Look at other dictionaries:
string orchestra — /strɪŋ ˈɔkəstrə/ (say string awkuhstruh) noun an orchestra which normally consists of violins, violas, cellos, and double basses … Australian English dictionary
string orchestra — noun an orchestra playing only stringed instruments • Hypernyms: ↑orchestra … Useful english dictionary
string orchestra — noun A music group consisting solely of stringed instruments … Wiktionary
string orchestra — musical ensemble made up of only stringed instruments (violins, cellos, etc.) … English contemporary dictionary
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Divertimento for String Orchestra (Bartók) — Divertimento for String Orchestra Sz.113 BB.118 is a three movement work composed by Béla Bartók in 1939, scored for full orchestral strings. Paul Sacher, a Swiss conductor, patron, impresario, and the founder of the Basel Chamber Orchestra… … Wikipedia
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