Mehmed I


Mehmed I
Osmanli-nisani.svg    Mehmed I
Ottoman Sultan
Tughra of Mehmed I.JPG
Reign 1413–May 26, 1421
Period Rise of the Ottoman Empire
Full Name Mehmed I Çelebi
Predecessor Interregnum
Successor Murad II
Royal House House of Osman
Dynasty Ottoman Dynasty

Mehmed I Çelebi (Ottoman: چلبی محمد, Mehmed I or Mehmed Çelebi) (1382, Bursa – May 26, 1421, Edirne, Ottoman Empire) was a Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (Rûm) from 1413 to 1421. He was one of the sons of Bayezid I and Valide Sultan (1403) Devlet Hatun (who was the daughter of Yakub Shah of Germiyanids. He was also the descendant of Mevlana Celaleddin-i Rumi, as Rûmi's granddaughter Mutahhara Hatun (the daughter of Sultan Veled) was related to Yakub Shah).

Contents

His reign

After the Ottoman Interregnum, when Mehmed stood as victor in 1413, he crowned himself sultan in Edirne. He restored the empire, moved the capital from Bursa to Edirne, and conquered parts of Albania, the Jandarid emirate, and the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia from the Mamelukes. Taking many of his achievements into consideration, Mehmed is widely known as the "second founder" of the Ottoman Empire.

Mehmed I with his dignitaries. Ottoman miniature painting, kept at Istanbul University.


His death

Reign of Mehmed I, as Sultan of the re-united empire, had lasted only eight years. But he had been an independent prince for nearly the whole preceding period of eleven years that passed between his father's captivity at Ankara and his own final victory over his brother Musa Çelebi at Chamurli.

He was buried in Bursa, in a mausoleum erected by himself near the celebrated mosque which he built there, and which, from its decorations of green porcelain, is called the Green Mosque. Mehmed I also completed the vast and magnificent mosque at Bursa, which his grandfather Murad I had commenced, but which had been neglected during in reign of Bayezid. Mehmed founded in the vicinity of his own mosque and mausoleum two other characteristic institutions, one a school, and one a refectory for the poor both of which he endowed with royal munificence.

His wives

  1. Sheh-Zade Kumru Hatun: The granddaughter of a Pasha from Amasya
  2. Valide Sultan Emine Hatun, daughter of Suleyman Bey, ruler of Dulkadirids, third consort, which marriage served as an alliance between the Ottoman's and this buffer state, mother of Murad II


Further reading

  • Harris, Jonathan, The End of Byzantium. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2010. ISBN 978 0 30011786 8
  • Imber, Colin, The Ottoman Empire. London: Palgrave/Macmillan, 2002. ISBN 0 333 613872

References

  • Incorporates text from History of Ottoman Turks (1878)
Mehmed I
Born: 1382 Died: May 26, 1421
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Bayezid I
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
1413 – May 26, 1421
Succeeded by
Murad II

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mehmed II. — Mehmed II. (‏محمد بن مراد‎ / Meḥemmed[1] b. Murād; * 30. März 1432 in Edirne; † 3. Mai 1481 bei Gebze), genannt ‏ابو الفتح‎ / Ebū ʾl Fetḥ /‚Vater der Eroberung‘ und später ‏فاتح‎ / Fātiḥ /‚ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mehmed — (modern Turkish: Mehmet) is the most common Turkish form of the Arabic name Muhammed (Muhammed and Muhammet are also used, though less commonly), it was originally spelled Mehemed, losing a vowel over time. It is the most common Turkish male… …   Wikipedia

  • Mehmed V — Ottoman Sultan and Caliph (full titles) Reign 27 April 1909 – 3 July 1918 Sword girding 10 May 1909 …   Wikipedia

  • Mehmed II — Fatih Sultán del Imperio Otomano Mehmed II. Obra de Gentile Bellini Reinado 1444 1445 (primer período) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mehmed V — Mehmed V. Mehmed V. Reşad (* 2. November 1844; † 3. Juli 1918) war von 1909 bis 1918 Sultan des Osmanischen Reiches. Er folgte seinem Bruder Abdülhamid II. nach, der von den Jungtürken zum Rücktritt gezwungen worden war. Mehmed V. war ein Sohn… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mehmed V. — Mehmed V. Mehmed V. Reşad (* 2. November 1844 in Istanbul; † 3. Juli 1918) war von 1909 bis 1918 Sultan des Osmanischen Reiches. Er folgte seinem Bruder Abdülhamid II. nach, der von den Jungtürken zum Rücktritt gezwungen worden war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mehmed V — Titre 35e Sultan Ottoman 27 avril 1909 – …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mehmed VI — 36e sultan ottoman Règne juillet 1918 1er novembre 1922 & …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mehmed I — Sultán del Imperio Otomano Reinado 1413 1421 Nombre real Mehmed Çelebi Nacimiento ¿1389? …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mehmed I. — Mehmed I., osmanische Miniatur des 16. Jahrhunderts Sultan Çelebi Mehmed (* 1389 in Bursa; † 26. Mai 1421 in Adrianopel) war Sultan des Osmanischen Reiches von 1413 bis 1421. Nach den Wirren des Interregnums gelang es ihm, die osmanische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mehmed V — Mehmed V. Mehmed V (2 de noviembre de 1844 – 3 de julio de 1918), sultán del Imperio otomano. También se lo conoce como Mohammed V, Mehmed V Reşad (o Reşat) o Reshid Effendi. Fue el 39º sultán otomano, y se le atribuye haber sido el 99º califa… …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.