Infobox Ethnic group

caption = "Sibo military colonists", picture drawn by Henry Lansdell during his visit to today's Qapqal Xibe County in 1882
group = Xibe resize|75%|(Sibe, Sibo, Xibo)
population = 188,000
regions = flag|Chinanbsp|2(Xinjiang· Liaoning· Jilin)
languages = Xibe
religions = Tibetan Buddhism, Shamanism
related = Manchu

The Xibe (.


The Xibe originally lived on the Nonni and Songhua river valleys in central Manchuria. They are known as one of the nine states that were defeated by Nurhaci in the Battle of Gure in 1593. They were under loose domination of the Khorchin Mongols even after the Khorchin came under the control of the Manchu Qing Dynasty.

The Xibe started to make direct contact with the Qing Dynasty when it conducted military campaigns against Russia. They provided logistical support to the Qing. In 1692, the Khorchin dedicated the Xibe, the Gūwalca and the Daur to the Kangxi Emperor in exchange for silver. The Xibe was incorporated into the Eight Banners and were stationed in Qiqihar and other cities in Manchuria.

After conquering Eastern Turkestan, the Qianlong Emperor garrisoned part of the Xibe there in 1764 to defend the new frontier. They formed a community in the Qapqal region south of the Ili River.


The traditional dress of the Xibe was similar to the traditional dress of the Manchus. Nowadays almost all the Xibe wear Western clothing and the traditional clothing is worn by elders during festivals.

Traditionally, the Xibe were divided into "hala", clans consisting of people who shared the same surname. Until modern times, the dwellings of the Xibe housed up to three different generations from a same family, since it was believed that while the father was alive no son could break the family clan and to leave the house.


The Xibe in northeast China speak Chinese as their first language. In Xinjiang, descendants of the Qing dynasty military garrison preserve their language, which is an innovative dialect of the Manchu. Unlike the Manchu language, the Xibe language is reported to have eight vowel distinctions as opposed to the six found in Manchu, differences in morphology, and a complex kind of vowel harmony. The general vocabulary and structure of Xibe has not been affected as much by the influence of Chinese as Manchu has been. However, there are a number of Chinese loanwords, and a large body of sociological terminology, such as "gəming" (revolution) and "gungshə" (commune), have been borrowed from Chinese and incorporated into the everyday vocabulary of the language. They use the Xibe script, a slightly revised Manchu script.

* The Xibe believe that they are descendants of the Xianbei.
* Dr. Pamela Kyle Crossley, Professor of History at Dartmouth College, asserts that the Russians named Siberia after the Sibe/Xibe.Fact|date=February 2007


* Wu Yuanfen, Zhao Zhiqiang. 1981. "Xibozu xiqian gaishu" [A general account of the westward migration of the Xibo] . "Minzu yanjiu" 2:22-29.
* Ramsey, S. Robert. 1987. "The Languages of China". Princeton University Press, Princeton New Jersey ISBN 0-691-06694-9
* "C. G. Mannerheimin Valokuvia Aasian-Matkalta 1906-1908 (Photographs By C. G. Mannerheim From His Journey Across Asia 1906-1908)", (Otava, Keuruu: 1990) ISBN: 9511113577. Contains photographs of Xibe/Xibo and other ethnic groups.

Ethnic groups in China

External links

* [http://www.sibeculture.com/ Sibe Culture (in Chinese)]
* [http://www.atarn.org/xibe_manchu/xibe.htm Website on Xibe archery]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Xibe — Otros nombres Xibo, sibo, sibe. Población total 188.000 (aproximada) Idioma Idioma xibe Religión Politeísmo, chamanismo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Xibe — Cet article concerne le peuple xibe. Pour la langue xibe, voir Xibe (langue). Les provinces du Xinjiang, du Jilin et du Liaoning Les xibe (錫伯 Xíbó) sont l une des 56 minorités ethniques v …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Xibe — Die Xibe (auch Sibe, Sibo, Xibo; chinesisch 锡伯族 Xíbózú) sind eine der 55 offiziell anerkannten Minderheiten der Volksrepublik China. Nach der letzten Volkszählung im Jahr 2000 zählen sie 188.824 Menschen. Sie leben vor allem in Liaoning …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Xibe — Los Xibe son uno de los 56 grupos étnicos oficialmente reconocidos por el gobierno de la República Popular China. Su población aproximada en el año 2004 era de unas 188.000 personas que habitan principalmente en la Región autónoma Uigur de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Xibe — ISO 639 3 Code : sjo ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Xibe language — language name=Xibe nativename=ᠰᡞᠪᡝ sibe [IPA|ɕivə] [Li 1986: 1] states=China region=Xinjiang speakers=30,000 familycolor=Altaic fam1=Altaic [Gordon, 2005 ( [http://www.ethnologue.com/show family.asp?subid=90009 Altaic] )] (disputed) fam2=Tungusic …   Wikipedia

  • Xibe (langue) — Cet article concerne la langue xibe. Pour le peuple xibe, voir Xibe. Xibe Parlée en  Chine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Qapqal Xibe Autonomous County — Sibo military colonists , picture drawn during Henry Lansdell visit to today s Qapqal County in 1882 Qapqal Xibe Autonomous County (simplified Chinese: 察布查尔锡伯自治县; traditional Chinese: 察布查爾錫伯自治縣; pinyin: Chábùchá ěr Xíbó Zìzhìxiàn …   Wikipedia

  • Comte autonome xibe de Qapqal — Xian autonome xibe de Qapqal Chábùchá ěr xībó Zìzhìxiàn (Çapçal Şibe Aptonom Nahiyisi) · 察布查尔锡伯自治县 (چاپچال شىبە ئاپتونوم يېزىسى) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Comté Autonome Xibe De Qapqal — Xian autonome xibe de Qapqal Chábùchá ěr xībó Zìzhìxiàn (Çapçal Şibe Aptonom Nahiyisi) · 察布查尔锡伯自治县 (چاپچال شىبە ئاپتونوم يېزىسى) …   Wikipédia en Français

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.