- Fry family (chocolate)
The Fry family was prominent in
Englandespecially Bristol, in the Society of Friends, and in the confectionerybusiness in the 18th, 19th, and early 20th centuries.
The patriarch of the most important branch of the family was John Fry (1699?–1775) [Dates of Birth and Death of John Fry (1699?–1775) are given in a catalogue entry in the online catalogue of the Library of the Society of Friends: "Lately published (price 1s. 6d.) and sold by the author at Sutton Benger near Chippenham, Wilts; and by his sons Joseph Fry, apothecary in Bristol, and John Fry, cheesemonger in White-chapel, London: An alphabetical extract of all the annual printed epistles, which have been sent to the several quarterly-meetings of the people called Quakers, ... A proposal. As there remain, now unsold, but a few copies ... Those counties that are willing to encourage the printing a second edition, are desired to send their subscriptions to Luke Hinde, in George-yard, Lombard-street, where the subscribers will be supplied at ten-pence per book. - [London, 1765?] ." ] , a shopkeeper of
Sutton Benger, Wiltshirewho was not involved in the chocolate business; his father was Zephaniah Fry (1658–?) who joined the Society of Friends. The earliest known Fry ancestor is supposed to be Sir Richard Fry who married secondly Joan Beaufort, great granddaughter of John of Gaunt. [cite book
last = Fry
first = Theodore
title = "A brief memoir of Francis Fry, F.S.A. of Bristol"
publisher = "Barclay & Fry"
date = 1887
id = ]
His son, William Storrs Fry (1736–1808), was the father of the Joseph Fry (1777–1861) who married the prison reformer
Elizabeth Frynée Gurney (1780–1845). There is also another William Storrs Fry (circa 1806–1844) who was one of the 11 children of Joseph and Elizabeth Fry.
The start of the chocolate dynasty
John Fry's other son, Joseph Fry (1728–1787), was apprenticed to Henry Portsmouth of
Basingstokeas an apothecaryand doctor. He married Portsmouth's daughter, Anna (1719/20–1803). Joseph Fry founded a chocolatecompany called Fry, Vaughan & Co. in Bristol. He also founded Fry and Pine later Joseph Fry & Co., a typefoundry.
Joseph Fry & Co., the typefoundry, was continued by Joseph Fry's elder son,
Edmund Fry(1754–1835) [See H. R. Tedder, 'Fry, Edmund (1754–1835)', rev. A. P. Woolrich, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2004 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/10207] accessed 17 March 2007.] and renamed Edmund Fry & Co. Edmund Fry had two sons who survived to adulthood: Windover Fry (1797–1835) and Arthur Fry (1809–1878). Windover joined him in the business [Windover Fry, Typefounder was listed as bankrupt 20 July 1824in [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=LZIDAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA153&lpg=PA153&dq=fry+windover&source=web&ots=OyXQBRJfAo&sig=dkX3oSAlayBr2Hhco-BhKyen1LI&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=1&ct=result"The Bankrupt Directory" By George Elwick (1843) pg.153 (on Googlebooks)] ] . An example of a font that the firm designed is "Fry's Ornamented" [ [http://www.myfonts.com/fonts/artypes/frys-ornamented/familytree.html Fry’s Ornamented typeface] ]
Chocolate making Frys
After Joseph Fry's death in 1787 his wife, Anna Fry, took over the chocolate company and it was renamed Anna Fry & Son. The son was the first
Joseph Storrs Fry(1769–1835) who, after his mother's death, renamed the firm J. S. Fry & Sonsunder which name it became quite well known. Joseph Storrs Fry was the first to introduce factory methods into the making of chocolate and the first to use a Watt's steam engine to grind the beans.
The sons of Joseph Storrs Fry and his wife Ann Allen (1764?–1829) are
*Joseph Fry (1795–1879) ("See below")
*Francis Fry (1803–1886) ("See below")
*Richard Fry They also had four daughters. The sons all became partners in the firm.
Francis Fry (1803–1886), his interests and his family
Francis Fry was the son of Joseph Storrs Fry and his wife Ann Allen [
ODNBarticle by David J. Hall, ‘Fry, Francis (1803–1886)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/10209] , accessed 13 Sept 2007. ] .Besides the directorship of the chocolate firm, he was also involved in porcelain, typefounding, director of the Bristol Waterworks, and railways (including the Bristol and Gloucester Railway). He was also a well known collector of old Bibles. He headed the firm when it started producing the first chocolate bars in 1847.
He married Matilda Penrose (circa 1808–1888). They had four sons and three daughters including:
*Francis James Fry (1835–1886) ("See below")
*Theodore Fry ("See below").
Francis James Fry (1835–1886) - his family
F.J. Fry was the son of Francis Fry (1803–1886). He was Sheriff of Bristol in 1887. He married twice and had two daughters and four sons [F.J. Fry entry in "Who was Who".] .His daughter, Norah Cooke-Hurle born Fry (1871–1960), was an advocate of better services for people with learning difficulties. [ [http://www.bris.ac.uk/depts/NorahFry/norah.htm University of Bristol Norah Fry Research Centre: Brief biography of Norah Cooke-Hurle] ] . In 1988, the University of Bristol named their new research centre after Norah Fry, because she did so much for people with learning difficulties.
Theodore Fry - his family
Theodore Fry(1836 – 1912), was the son of Francis Fry (1803–1886). He was Liberal MP for Darlington and made baronet. His wife, Sophia Fry nee Pease (1837-1897) was a prominent philanthropist and political activist ["Times obituary" of Theodore Fry is at [http://www.dmm.org.uk/archives/a_obit15.htm Durham Mining Museum website] .] . Their son, John Pease Fry (1864-1957) [J.P. Fry entry in "Who was Who".] , the second baronet, became Chairman and managing director of Bearpark Coal & Coke of Durham
Joseph Fry and his family
Joseph Fry (1795–1879) [Note: he was not the Joseph Fry (1777 –1861), who was husband of
Elizabeth Fry] , son of the first Joseph Storrs Fry (1769–1835) and and Mary Anne Swaine (1897-1896)"The Biographical dictionary of British Quakers in commerce and industry, 1775-1920", by Edward H. Milligan, Sessions of York (2007) ISBN 978-1-85702-367-7. p191: article on Joseph Fry (1795-1879).] .were the parents of:
Joseph Storrs Fry II(1826–1913). Headed the chocolate firm after 1886 and very active in the Society of Friends. He never married but was known for his philanthropy.
Edward Fry(1827–1918), a judge on the British Court of Appeal. Edward Fry was the father of the art critic and artist Roger Fryand the social reformers, Joan Mary Fry(1862–1955), Margery Fry(1874–1958) and Ruth Fry(1878-1962). His daughter, Agnes Fry (1869-1958) compiled his biography.
Albert Fry(1830?–1903). He worked with John Fowler (1826–1864) [See ODNBarticle by Jonathan Brown, ‘Fowler, John (1826–1864)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, May 2007 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/10010] , accessed 15 Sept 2007.] to develop and manufacture a drainage plough in the mid 1800s. He founded the Bristol Wagon and Carriage Works [cite journal |quotes= |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |year= 1903 |month=April |day=24 |title=Obituary of Albert Fry |journal="The Times" |volume= |issue=37063 |pages=10|id= |url= |accessdate= ] . He was a Chairman of the Council of the University of Bristoland, along with other members of his family and of the Wills family, a major donor ["The Library of the University of Bristol, 1876-1975" by Nicholas Lee at [http://www.bris.ac.uk/is/about/what/libraries/libraryhistory-lee.doc http://www.bris.ac.uk/is/about/what/libraries/libraryhistory-lee.doc] accessed 15 Sept 2007.]
*Susan Ann Fry (1829–1917) married in 1856, as his third wife,
Thomas Peaseand was the mother of Edward Reynolds Peasewho help found the Fabian Society"The Biographical dictionary of British Quakers in commerce and industry, 1775-1920", by Edward H Milligan, Sessions of York (2007) ISBN 978-1-85702-367-7.] .
Lewis Fry(1832–1921) was the Liberal, later Liberal Unionist, MP for Bristol from 1878 until 1886 and from 1895 until 1900. He was Chairman of Parliamentary Committee on Town Holdings, 1886-1892. [Lewis Fry entry in "Who was Who"] . He was a member of the Privy Council. He was the first chairman of the Council of the University of Bristol.
*Henrietta Jane Fry (1840-1911) who married in 1862,
William Whitwell (ironfounder)and three other daughters, one of whom died in infancy .
Other members of the family
*Geoffrey Storrs Fry (1888–
13 October 1960) From 1929, the first (and last) Baronet Fry of Oare in Wiltshire. He was private secretary to Bonar Lawand Stanley Baldwin. He married Alathea Gardner, the second daughter of Lord Burghclere. [G.S. Fry's entry in "Who was Who".] ["The Times", Saturday, 15 October 1960; pg. 8; Issue 54903; col G: Obituary Sir Geoffrey Fry.] . He was the son of F.J. Fry of Cricket St Thomas in Somersetshire ["The Times", Friday, 28 May 1915; pg. 11; Issue 40866; col C: Forthcoming marriages. ] .
** [Ann] Jennifer Evelyn Elizabeth Fry (1916–2003), only child of Geoffrey and Alathea Fry. She was the wife of
Alan Ross, the poet.
Cecil Roderick Fry(1870–1952) [C.R. Fry entry in "Who was Who".] was the last member of the family to head the chocolate firm before it merged with Cadburys.
Jeremy Fry(1924–2005) was an engineer and inventor, son of Cecil Fry. Founded Rotork.
Other Quaker Frys who might or might not be related to this family are:
*Catherine Fry, mother of
Lewis Fry Richardson, mathematician
Christopher Fryborn Christopher Fry Harris (1907–2005) — playwright
"For other people with the surname "Fry" but probably NOT related to the Quaker Chocolate manufacturing Fry family "see"
* [http://www.oxforddnb.com/ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography] — Articles on Joseph Fry (1728–1787), Francis Fry (1803–1886), Edmund Fry (1754–1835), Joseph Storrs Fry (1826–1913), Edward Fry (1827–1918), and Sophia Fry née Pease.
* [http://www.bath.ac.uk/~ensegb/wag.htm Bristol Wagon & Carriage Works] (references to Albert Fry)
* [http://www.bris.ac.uk/university/history/ University of Bristol History] (references to the Fry family support in founding the university)
* [http://www.frenchay.org/frys.html Frenchay Village Museum] —
Frenchay, South Gloucestershireis where many of the Frys lived.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Fry (surname) — Fry is the surname of several people:*Abi Fry *Adam Fry (born 1985), British footballer *Adrian Fry (born 1969), British musician *Arthur Fry *Barry Fry *Bertha Fry *Birkett D. Fry *C. B. Fry (1872 1956), British sportsman, politician, writer,… … Wikipedia
Chocolate bar — A Snickers candy bar broken in half, showing a nougat, caramel and peanut interior. Candy Bar redirects here. For the American stripper, see Candy Barr. A chocolate bar is a confection in bar form comprising some or all of the following… … Wikipedia
Fry's Turkish Delight — is a chocolate bar made by Cadbury, and formerly by J. S. Fry Sons. It was launched in 1914 and consists of a rose flavoured Turkish delight surrounded by milk chocolate. It is widely marketed as being 92% fat free.The bar remains fairly popular… … Wikipedia
Chocolate — For other uses, see Chocolate (disambiguation). Chocolate most commonly comes in dark, milk, and white varieties, with cocoa solids contributing to the … Wikipedia
J. S. Fry & Sons — J. S. Fry Sons, Ltd. was a British chocolate company owned by Joseph Storrs Fry and his family.This business moved through several names and hands before ending up as J. S. Fry Sons.Timeline: *circa 1759 mdash; Joseph Fry starts making chocolate… … Wikipedia
Joseph Fry (tea merchant) — Joseph Fry (21 April 1777 28 August 1861) was a tea dealer and an unsuccessful banker. He was the husband of Elizabeth Fry, prison reformer.Parental familyHe was born in London 21 April 1777, the youngest of the three sons, (one of whom died aged … Wikipedia
Lewis Fry — DL, (16 April 1832– 10 September 1921) was a Quaker, lawyer, philanthropist and Member of ParliamentFamily backgroundHe was a member of the Fry family known for their chocolate business. He was the son of Joseph Fry (1795–1879) and Mary Anne… … Wikipedia
Joseph Storrs Fry II — Infobox Person name=Joseph Storrs Fry II caption= quotation= birth date=1826 birth place= Bristol dead= death date=1913 death place=Joseph Storrs Fry (August 6, 1826 July 7, 1913) was a member of the Bristol Fry family and head of the family… … Wikipedia
Joe Fry — Former F1 driver Name = Joe Fry Nationality = flagicon|UK British Years = F1|1950 Team(s) = non works Maserati Races = 1 Championships = 0 Wins = 0 Podiums = 0 Points = 0 Poles = 0 Fastest laps = 0 First race = 1950 British Grand Prix First win … Wikipedia
Joseph Storrs Fry — (1769 1835) was a member of the Bristol Fry Family. He inherited his parents chocolate business and renamed it J. S. Fry Sons under which name it became quite well known.Fry was married to Ann Allen (1764? 1829) and had seven children. He… … Wikipedia