Coxsone Dodd


Coxsone Dodd
Coxsone Dodd
Birth name Clement Seymour Dodd
Also known as Sir Coxsone
Born January 26, 1932(1932-01-26)
Origin Kingston, Jamaica
Died May 5, 2004(2004-05-05) (aged 72)
Genres Reggae
Ska
Occupations Record producer
Labels Studio One

Clement Seymour "Sir Coxsone" Dodd, CD (Kingston, Jamaica, January 26, 1932 – May 5, 2004) was a Jamaican record producer who was influential in the development of ska and reggae in the 1950s, 1960s and beyond. He received his nickname "Coxsone" at school: because of his teenage talent as a cricketer, his friends compared him to Alec Coxon, a member of the 1940s Yorkshire County Cricket Club team.[1]

Contents

Biography

Dodd used to play records to the customers in his parents' shop. During a spell in the South of the United States he became familiar with the rhythm and blues music popular there at the time. In 1954, back in Jamaica, he set up the Downbeat Sound System, being the owner of an amplifier, a turntable, and some US records, which he would import from New Orleans and Miami. With the success of his sound system, and in a competitive environment, Dodd would make trips through the US looking for new tunes to attract the Jamaican public. Dodd opened five different sound systems, each playing every night. To run his sound systems, Dodd appointed people such as Lee "Scratch" Perry, who was Dodd's right hand man during his early career, U-Roy and Prince Buster.

Recording career

When the R&B craze ended in the United States, Dodd and his rivals were forced to begin recording their own Jamaican music in order to meet the local demand for new music. Initially these recordings were exclusively for a particular sound system but the records quickly developed into an industry in their own right. In 1959 he founded a record company called World Disc. 1962 he produced the Jazz record I cover the water front on the Port-O-Jam label, two of the musicians who played on the album, Roland Alphonso and Don Drummond became founding members of the Skatalites one year later. In 1963 he opened Studio One on Brentford Road, Kingston.[2] It was the first black-owned recording studio in Jamaica (see 1963 in music). He held regular Sunday evening auditions in search of new talent, and it was here that Dodd auditioned Bob Marley, singing as a part of The Wailing Wailers. He gave the group a five-year exclusive contract, paying them £20 for each song they recorded; for a time, Marley slept in a back room of the studio. The Marley-penned song Simmer Down, a Dodd production, went to number one in Jamaica in February 1964. However, he became notorious for rarely paying the band the money they were owed for the record sales, and as a result the group were living in relative poverty despite being household names in Jamaica. This eventually became their catalyst for leaving the label.

During the late 1960s and 1970s, the 'Studio One sound' was synonymous with the sound of ska, rocksteady and reggae, and Dodd attracted some of the best of Jamaican talent to his stable during this time, including Burning Spear, Ras Michael, Delroy Wilson, Horace Andy and Sugar Minott. He continued to be active in the music industry into his seventies, and on May 1, 2004 Kingston's Brentford Road was renamed Studio One Boulevard in a ceremony which paid tribute to his accomplishments as a producer. He died suddenly of a heart attack four days later while working at Studio One.[2]

Dodd was posthumously awarded the Order of Distinction, in the rank of Commander on October 15, 2007, for service to the Jamaica music industry.[3]

References

  1. ^ When journalist Roger Steffens asked Dodd about the spelling of his name, he asserted that it was "Coxson" without the 'e' found on the spelling of the record label "Coxsone." Steffens referenced this anecdote in The Beat magazine and The Reggae Scrapbook (Insight Editions, San Rafael, CA, 2007), page 33.
  2. ^ a b Kelefah Sannah (6 May 2004). Coxsone Dodd, 72, Pioneer of the Jamaican Pop Music Scene, Dies. New York Times.  (online)
  3. ^ "Hundreds Turn out for National Awards Ceremony". Jamaica Information Service. 15 October 2007. http://www.jis.gov.jm/news/123-governor-general/13240-ggpages-hundreds-turn-out-for-national-awards-ceremony. Retrieved 31 August 2011. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Coxsone Dodd — Sir Coxsone Dodd (* 26. Januar 1932 in Kingston, Jamaika; † 4. Mai 2004 ebenda), der mit bürgerlichem Namen Clement Seymour Dodd hieß, war ein bedeutender Produzent, der großen Einfluss auf die Entwicklung des jamaikanischen Reggae hatte. Bereits …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Dodd (surname) — The surname Dodd may refer to: Government: Christopher Dodd (born 1944), American politician Thomas J. Dodd (1907–1971), American politician prosecutor William Dodd (ambassador) (1869–1940), historian and diplomat William Dodd (Congressional… …   Wikipedia

  • Dodd, Sir Coxsone — ▪ 2005 Clement Seymour Dodd        Jamaican record producer and entrepreneur (b. Jan. 26, 1932, Kingston, Jam. d. May 4, 2004, Kingston), was one of the pioneers of modern Jamaican popular music and played a pivotal role in the development of ska …   Universalium

  • Clement Seymour Dodd — Coxsone  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Coxon.  Coxsone Alias Clement Seymour Dodd Nom Arthur Duke Reid Naissance 26 janvier 1932 …   Wikipédia en Français