Ipatiev House

Ipatiev House

Ipatiev House (Russian: Дом Ипатьева) was a merchant's house in Yekaterinburg where the former Emperor Nicholas II of Russia and several members of his family and household were executed following the Bolshevik Revolution. Ironically, its name is identical with that of the Ipatiev Monastery in Kostroma, from where the Romanovs came to the throne.

In the 1880s, Ivan Redikortsev, an official involved in the mining industry, commissioned a two-story house to be built on the slope of a prominent hill. The length of the facade was 31 metres. In 1898, the mansion passed to Sharaviev, a gold dealer of tainted reputation. Ten years later, the house was acquired by Nikolai Nikolayevich Ipatiev, a military engineer, who turned the ground floor into his office. It seems to have been on the basis of information supplied by Peter Voikov that Ipatiev was summoned to the office of the Ural Soviet at the end of April 1918 and ordered to vacate what was soon to be called "The House of Special Purpose."

The Romanov family moved in on 30 April and spent 78 days at the house. The Emperor, his wife, their four daughters, their son, their doctor Eugene Botkin, chambermaid Anna Demidova, cook Ivan Kharitonov, and footman Alexei Trupp, were shot there by a squad of Bolshevik secret police under the Cheka chief Yakov Yurovsky, on July 16/July 17, 1918. Kitchen-boy Leonid Sednev was called out of the house hours earlier and thus spared from execution.

The execution squad comprised four Russian Bolsheviks and seven soldiers. These soldiers were Hungarians, prisoners-of-war who didn't speak Russian. As Communists they had joined the 1st Kamyshov Rifle Regiment of the Red Army. They were chosen because the local Cheka feared that Russian soldiers would not shoot at the Tsar and his family, particularly at his daughters. One of them was called "Imre Nagy". Some claim that he was identical with Imre Nagy [ Elisabeth Heresch. "Nikolaus II. Feigheit, Lüge und Verrat", F.A.Herbig Verlagsbuchhandlung, München 1992.] who later became Prime Minister of Hungary and was executed after the crushing of the anti-Soviet revolution of 1956 by the Red Army. This theory is supported by several Russian historians, but it is generally dismissed by Hungarian experts. Although Imre Nagy was living in Siberia in 1918, the name is very common among Hungarians. [ [http://ahet.ro/dossziek/tortenelem---tarsadalomtudomany/a-cari-csalad-kivegzesenek-magyar-vonatkozasai-1514-101.html A cári család kivégzésének magyar vonatkozásai - A Hét ] ]

As early as 1923, the photographs of the fenced house were disseminated in the Soviet press under the label of "the last palace of the last Tsar". In 1927, the house was designated a branch of the Ural Revolution Museum. It then became an Agricultural School before taking on new life in 1938 as Anti-Religious Museum. During this period it was customary for party apparatchiks to arrive in large tour groups, posing before the bullet-damaged wall of the cellar in which the Tsar and his family had been killed. In 1946 it was taken over by the local Communist Party. In 1974 it was formally listed as a Historical-Revolutionary Monument. But, to the embarrassment of the government, it was steadily becoming a place of pilgrimage for those who wished to honour the memory of the royal family.

In 1978, as the sixtieth anniversary of the execution approached, the Politburo decided to take action, declaring that the house was not of 'sufficient historical significance', and ordering its demolition. The task was passed to Boris Yeltsin, Chair of the local party, who had the house demolished in July 1977. [ [http://www.searchfoundationinc.org/Chronology.html Chronology ] ] He later wrote in his memoirs, published in 1990, that "sooner or later we will be ashamed of this piece of barbarism." But, despite this action, the pilgrims kept coming, often in secret and at night, leaving tokens of remembrance on the vacant site. After the fall of the Soviet state the Church on the Blood was built on the site, now a major place of pilgrimage.

ee also

*Church of All Saints, Yekaterinburg
*Ganina Yama


External links

* [http://www.romanov-memorial.com/ Romanov Memorial Site]
* [http://gatchina3000.ru/literatura/sokolov_n_a/murder_imperial_family37.htm Ipatiev House / Investigation of murder of the Romanov Imperial Family in 1918. In Russian]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • House of Romanov — Royal house surname =House of Holstein Gottorp Romanov estate =Russia coat of arms = country =Russia parent house =House of Oldenburg titles =Tsar (before 1721) Emperor (since 1721) founder =Michael of Russia final ruler =Nicholas II current head …   Wikipedia

  • Villa Ipatiev — 56°50′39″N 60°36′35″E / 56.84417, 60.60972 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alexandra Feodorovna (Alix of Hesse) — Infobox Russian Royalty|empress|consort name =Alexandra Feodorovna birth name =Alix Viktoria Helena Luise Beatrice title =Empress consort of All the Russias reign =November 1, 1894 – March 15, 1917 spouse =Nicholas II issue =Grand Duchess Olga… …   Wikipedia

  • Church of All Saints, Yekaterinburg — For the Church on Blood in St. Petersburg, see Church of the Saviour on Blood. Church on Blood in Honor of All Saints Resplendent in the Russian Land in Yekaterinburg. The Church on Blood in Honour of All Saints Resplendent in the Russian Land… …   Wikipedia

  • Nicholas II of Russia — Nicholas II redirects here. For other uses, see Nicholas II (disambiguation). Nicholas II Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias Reign 1 Novem …   Wikipedia

  • Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia (1899–1918) — For other uses, see Grand Duchess Maria of Russia. Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna, ca. 1914. Full name Maria Nikolaevna Romanova H …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Sydney Gibbes — (19 January 1876 – 24 March 1963) was the English tutor of Tsarevich Alexei Nikolaevich of Russia. Later in his life he became an Orthodox monk, adopting the name of Nicholas after Saint Nicholas The Passion Bearer. After his return to Britain he …   Wikipedia

  • Nicolas II De Russie — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Nicolas II.  Pour les autres membres de la famille, voir : Maison Romanov …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nicolas ii de russie — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Nicolas II.  Pour les autres membres de la famille, voir : Maison Romanov …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nikolaï II de Russie — Nicolas II de Russie Pour les articles homonymes, voir Nicolas II.  Pour les autres membres de la famille, voir : Maison Romanov …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.