Herne, Germany

Herne, Germany

Infobox German Location
Name = Herne
German_name =
Art = City
image_photo = Hoheward view southeast.jpg
imagesize = 300px
image_caption = View to the center of Herne
Wappen = Stadtwappen der kreisfreien Stadt Herne.pngWappengröße =
lat_deg = 51 | lat_min = 33 | lat_sec = 0
lon_deg = 07 | lon_min = 13 | lon_sec = 0
Karte =
Lageplan =
Lageplanbeschreibung =
Bundesland = North Rhine-Westphalia
Regierungsbezirk = Arnsberg
Kreis = Kreisfreie Stadt
Höhe = 65
Fläche = 51.41
area_metro =
Einwohner = 169991
pop_metro =
Stand = 2006-12-31
pop_ref = [http://www.lds.nrw.de/statistik/datenangebot/Regionen/amtlichebevoelkerungszahlen/rp9_dez06.html]
PLZ = 44601-44653
PLZ-alt =
Vorwahl = 02323, 02325
Kfz = HER
Gemeindeschlüssel = 05 9 16 000
Gliederung = 4 districts
Website = [http://www.herne.de/ herne.de]
Bürgermeister = Horst Schiereck
Partei = SPD

Herne (IPA2|ˈhɛʁnə) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the Ruhr area directly between the cities of Bochum and Gelsenkirchen.


Like most other cities in the region Herne was a tiny village until the 19th century. When the mining of coal and the production of steel emerged, the villages of the Ruhr area became cities.

The present Herne includes the former settlements of Herne, Wanne and Eickel. The farms bearing these names were founded in the 11th and 12th centuries. In 1860 the first coal mine started operation. In the following thirty years the population increased twenty-fold. For the first time Herne was called a city. The same development occurred in Wanne and Eickel, which merged in 1926 to form the new city of Wanne-Eickel. In 1975 Wanne-Eickel, meanwhile as well a city with over 70,000 inhabitants, was incorporated into Herne.

During Early WWII

Herne was targeted by RAF at 4th of June 1940 with 3 explosive bombs, 1 house damaged [http://www.wwiidaybyday.com Web Source of German Reports]

Notable places

There is a fair called Cranger Kirmes in the district "Crange" held every August. It is the second largest fair in Germany with an average number of visitors of 4,500,000. Its origins can be traced back to the 15th century, when farmers started trading in horses on Saint Lawrence’s Day. That is why the official opening always takes place at the first Friday in August. The tradition of the horse market is kept up, by arranging a horse show and horse equipment sales at the same place where horses were traded years ago. Today there are about 500 booth every year covering 111,000 sqm, meaning that it takes a 5km walk to cover the fairground. Among other things you can buy almonds and all kinds of other food, visit beer gardens, win prizes in shooting galleries or tombolas or ride traditional and new fun-rides like for instance roundabouts, ghost trains and all sorts of high-tech delights. One of the main attractions is probably the 50m high big wheel, that is the largest portable one worldwide.

Notable persons

Famous Hernians or Wanne-Eickelians include Jürgen von Manger, Kurt Edelhagen, Jürgen Marcus, Heinz Rühmann, Tana Schanzara, Dr. Claudia Dollins (Geier), Yıldıray Baştürk,Jan Zweyer and Leonie Saint. The composer Ralf Linke lives in Herne.

Twin towns

* Hénin-Beaumont, France, since 1954
* Wakefield, England, United Kingdom, since 1956
* Ometepe Island, Nicaragua, since 1988
* Belgorod, Russia, since 1990
* Lutherstadt Eisleben, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany, since 1990
* Konin, Poland, since 1991

External links

* [http://www.herne.de/ Official site] de icon

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Herne — may refer to:*Herne, Belgium *Herne, Germany *Herne, Kent, England, near the town of Herne Bay, Kent *Herne Bay, Kent, English seaside town located in southeastern Kent *Herne Hill in London *Herne Hill, Victoria in Australia *Herne Hill, Western …   Wikipedia

  • herne — ˈhe(ə)rnə adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Herne, Germany : of or from the city of Herne, Germany : of the kind or style prevalent in Herne * * * /herrn/, n. 1. James A(hern) /euh herrn /, 1839 1901, U.S. actor and playwright …   Useful english dictionary

  • Herne (Rhénanie-du-Nord-Westphalie) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Herne. Herne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Herne power plant — is a coal fired power plant located at Herne in North Rhine Westphalia, Germany. It was constructed in 1962. The installed capacity of the plant is 950 megawatts. The power plant is owned and operated by Evonik Steag GmbH, a subsidiary of Evonik… …   Wikipedia

  • Herne Bay, Kent — infobox UK place country = England official name= Herne Bay latitude= 51.3706 longitude= 1.1270 population = 35,204 (2001 Census) shire district= Canterbury shire county = Kent region= South East England constituency westminster= North Thanet… …   Wikipedia

  • Herne — /herrn/, n. 1. James A(hern) /euh herrn /, 1839 1901, U.S. actor and playwright. 2. a city in W Germany, in the Ruhr region. 174,200. * * * ▪ Germany       city, North Rhine–Westphalia Land (state) …   Universalium

  • Herne — noun a) Herne the Hunter, an English mythological figure similar to Cernunnos b) Herne (city in North Rhine Westphalia, Germany) …   Wiktionary

  • Herne — geographical name city W Germany in the Ruhr population 179,137 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Herne — [[t]hɜrn[/t]] n. geg a city in W Germany, in the Ruhr region. 180,029 …   From formal English to slang

  • Trams in Germany — Germany has an extensive number of tramway networks (Straßenbahn in German). Some of these networks have been upgraded to light rail standards, called Stadtbahn in German. Straßenbahn and Stadtbahn schemes are usually operated on the legal… …   Wikipedia