Berenguela of Castile


Berenguela of Castile

Berenguela (or Berengaria) (1180 – November 8, 1246), was briefly queen of Castile and León. The eldest daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Leonora of England, she was briefly engaged to Conrad II, Duke of Swabia, but he was murdered in 1196 before they could be married.

Marriage

Berenguela married Alfonso IX of León in 1198, but this was annulled in 1204 by Pope Innocent III because they were second cousins. Berenguela and Alfonso had five children, including one who died in infancy, and when she returned to her father's court in Castile, she brought her children with her to Otella.

Berenguela often found herself politically at odds with her former husband. Alfonso had two daughters, Sancha and Dulce, by his first wife, Teresa of Portugal, and wished to disinherit Berenguela's children in favor of these daughters. To this end, he invited John of Brienne to marry his eldest daughter, Sancha, and thus inherit John's kingdom. Berenguela sabotaged this plan by convincing John of Brienne to marry her own daughter, Berenguela of Leon, instead. Later, on September 24, 1230 when Alfonso died, Berenguela and Fernando acted to set aside the rights of Sancha and Dulce by offering them a lifetime appanage, which they accepted. This was done so that, with Berenguela's aid, he could assume the Leonese throne.

Queen

When her brother Henry died by accident in 1217, Berenguela renounced her rights to the throne, in favor of her son Fernando. Thereafter she served as the king's motherly advisor; according to the "Cronica Latina," her "total intent and desire being to procure honor for her son in every way possible". Berenguela helped quell the rebellious nobles, and then arranged for Fernando to marry a high-born wife, Beatriz (Beatrix) of Swabia.

Berenguela maintained strong connections with her sister Blanca, who was Queen of France. It was Blanche who suggested sending Jeanne of Ponthieu as a bride for Fernando after his first wife's death.

Children

Her children with Alfonso IX included:

*Leonor (1198/1199-October 31, 1210)
*King Fernando III the Saint (1200-1252)
*Alfonso, 4th Lord of Molina (1203-1272)
*Berenguela of Leon (1204-1237), married John of Brienne
*Constanza (May 1, 1200 or 1205-September 7, 1242), became a nun at Las Huelgas, Burgos, where she died

ources

* Shadis, Miriam. "Berenguela of Castile's Political Motherhood", 1996


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Berenguela of León — Berenguela of Leon (1204 12 April, 1237) was the third wife but only Empress consort of John of Brienne, Latin Emperor of Constantinople.FamilyAccording to the chronicle of Alberic of Trois Fontaines, Berenguela was a daughter of Alfonso IX of… …   Wikipedia

  • Berenguela von Kastilien — Statue von Berenguela von Kastilien in Madrid (1753) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Berenguela of Barcelona — Berenguela or Berengaria of Barcelona (b. 1116 ndash; d. Palencia, January 15 1149) Queen consort of Castile, León and Galicia (1128 ndash;1149)She was daughter of Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona (1082 ndash; 1131). and his wife Douce I,… …   Wikipedia

  • Ferdinand III of Castile — Infobox Saint name=Saint Ferdinand III birth date=July 30 or August 5, 1199 death date=May 30, 1252 feast day=May 30 venerated in=Roman Catholic Church imagesize=320px caption=St. Ferdinand III in a 13th century miniature birth place=monastery of …   Wikipedia

  • Isabella of Castile, Duchess of Brittany — Infanta Isabella of Castile (1283 in Toro 1328), Viscountess of Limoges, was the first Queen consort of James II of Aragon and the second wife of John III, Duke of Brittany.FamilyIsabella was the eldest daughter of Sancho IV of Castile and María… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry I of Castile — (14 April 1204 6 June 1217) was king of Castile. He was the son of Alfonso VIII of Castile and his wife Eleanor Plantagenet, (daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine). In 1211, Henry became heir to the throne when his older… …   Wikipedia

  • Kingdom of Castile — Reino de Castilla (Spanish) Regnum Castellae (Latin) …   Wikipedia

  • Maria of Portugal, Queen of Castile — For other people of the same name, see Maria of Portugal. Maria of Portugal Queen consort of Castile and León Tenure 1328–1350 Spouse Alfonso XI of Castile Issue Peter of …   Wikipedia

  • Constance of Castile — For other people named Constance of Castile, see Constance of Castile (disambiguation). Constance of Castile Queen consort of France Tenure 1154–1160 …   Wikipedia

  • Alfonso VIII of Castile — Alfonso VIII (11 November 1155 ndash; 5 October 1214), called the Noble or Él de las Navas , was the King of Castile from 1158 to his death and King of Toledo [ [http://www.geocities.com/eurprin/castile.html Titles of the European kings] ] . He… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.