Karl Immanuel Nitzsch


Karl Immanuel Nitzsch

Karl Immanuel Nitzsch (September 21, 1787 - August 21, 1868), was a German Lutheran church leader.

He was born at the small Saxon town of Borna near Leipzig. His father, Karl Ludwig Nitzsch, at that time pastor and superintendent in Borna, later (1790) became professor at Wittenberg and director (1817) of the seminary for preachers. He was sent to study at Schulpforta in 1803, going on to the University of Wittenberg in 1806. In 1800 he graduated, and in 1810 he became a "Privatdozent" at the university. Having become a deacon at the Schlosskirche in 1811, he showed remarkable energy and zeal during the bombardment and siege of the city in 1813. In 1815 he was appointed a preceptor in the preachers' seminary which had been established at Wittenberg after the suppression of the university. From 1820 to 1822 he was superintendent in Keinberg, and in the latter year he was appointed professor ordinarius of systematic and practical theology at Bonn. Here he remained until called to succeed Philip Marheineke at Berlin in 1847; subsequently he became university preacher, rector of the university, provost of St Nicolai (in 1854) and member of the supreme council of the church, in which last capacity he was one of the ablest and most active promoters of the Evangelical Union. He represented the "Vermittelungstheologie" of the school of Friedrich Schleiermacher.

His son was Friedrich August Nitzsch.

Nitzsch's principal works are: "System der christlichen Lehre" (1829; 6th ed., 1851; Eng. trans., 1849), "Praktische Theologie" (1847-1860; 2nd ed., 1863-1868), "Akademische Vorträge über christliche Glaubenslehre" (1858) and several series of Predigten. "He took as his starting-point the fundamental thought of Schleiermacher, that religion is not doctrine but life, direct consciousness, feeling. At the same time he sought to bring religious feeling into closer connection with knowledge and volition than Schleiermacher had done; he laid special stress-and justly-on the recognition of a necessary and radical union of religion with morality, treating both dogmatics and ethics together accordingly in his System der christlichen Lehre" (Otto Pfleiderer, "Development of Theology", p. 123). His "Protestantische Beantwortung", a reply to the Symbolik of Johann Adam Möhler (1796-1838), which originally appeared in the "Studien u. Kritiken", of which he was one of the founders, may also be mentioned.

References

*1911


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Karl Immanuel Nitzsch — 1898 Karl Immanuel Nitzsch (* 21. September 1787 in Borna; † 21. August 1868 in Berlin) war ein evangelischer Theologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karl Ludwig Nitzsch — (* 6. August 1751 in Wittenberg; † 5. Dezember 1831 in Wittenberg) war ein deutscher Theologe und wichtiger Vertreter des rationalistischen Supranaturalismus. Leben Karl Ludw …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karl Ludwig Nitzsch — (6 August 1751 ndash; 5 December 1831) was a German theologian.Like his son, the better known Karl Immanuel Nitzsch, he earned some distinction in the theological world by a number of writings, including a work entitled De discrimine revelationis …   Wikipedia

  • Carl Immanuel Nitzsch — Karl Immanuel Nitzsch 1898 Karl Immanuel Nitzsch, (* 21. September 1787 in Borna; † 21. August 1868 in Berlin) war ein evangelischer Theologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nitzsch — is a surname, and may refer to: Karl Ludwig Nitzsch (1751–1831), a German theologian His better known son, Karl Immanuel Nitzsch (1787 1868), a Lutheran church leader Friedrich August Nitzsch (1832–1898), German theologian and son of Karl… …   Wikipedia

  • Nitzsch — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Christian Ludwig Nitzsch (1782–1837), deutscher Biologe Friedrich Nitzsch (1641–1702), deutscher Mathematiker und Rechtswissenschaftler Friedrich August Berthold Nitzsch (1832–1898), deutscher Theologe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karl Heinrich Sack — (* 17. November 1789 in Berlin; † 16. Oktober 1875 in Poppelsdorf bei Bonn) war ein evangelischer deutscher Theologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karl Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Krafft — (* 25. November 1814 in Köln; † 11. März 1898 in Elberfeld) war Pfarrer und Kirchenhistoriker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Ehe und Kinder 3 Werke …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nitzsch — Nitzsch, 1) Karl Ludwig, prot. Theolog, geb. 6. Aug. 1751 in Wittenberg, gest. daselbst 5. Dez. 1831, wurde 1781 Prediger in Beucha, 1785 Superintendent in Borna, 1787 Stiftssuperintendent und Professor in Wittenberg, seit 1813 Direktor des… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Nitzsch — Nitzsch, Karl Immanuel, prot. Theolog, Sohn des Theologen Karl Ludw. N. (geb. 6. Aug. 1751 zu Wittenberg, gest. das. 5. Dez. 1831 als Prof. und Generalsuperintendent), geb. 21. Sept. 1787 zu Borna, 1847 Prof. und Oberkonsistorialrat (1855 auch… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon