- Ed Hochuli
name = Ed Hochuli
birth_date = birth date and age|mf=yes|1950|12|25
occupation = NFL official (1990–"Present")
Attorney(Jones, Skelton & Hochuli, P.L.C.) (1983–"Present")
website = http://www.jshfirm.com
nationality = United States
children = Six children
Edward G. Hochuli (born December 25, 1950)cite web | title=NFL Official Ed Hochuli — Part I | url=http://football.officiating.com/x/article/1220 | publisher=Officiating.com | date=
2001-07-02| accessdate=2007-09-10] is an attorneyfor the firm of Jones, Skelton & Hochuli, P.L.C. since 1983 and better known as an American footballofficial in the National Football League(NFL) since the 1990 NFL season. Prior to his officiating career, he played college footballfor four seasons at the University of Texas at El Paso(UTEP).
Hochuli, who wears uniform number 85, is one of the most respected officials in the NFL for working numerous playoff games, two
Super Bowls, as well as for his athletic physiquecite web | first=Amanda | last=Cherrin | url=http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/2006/players/01/10/nfl.workout0116/index.html | title=NFL Referee Workout: Never Flagging | publisher= CNN Sports Illustrated| date= 2006-01-10| accessdate=2006-08-24] and explanations on the football field.cite web | first=Michael S.| last=Schmidt| url=http://www.nytimes.com/2007/04/22/sports/football/22seconds.html?ex=1177819200&en=cbd6c65a442bfce3&ei=5070&emc=eta1 | title=30 Seconds with Ed Hochuli | publisher=" The New York Times" | date= 2007-04-22| accessdate=2007-04-21] In a pollconducted by ESPNin 2008, Hochuli tied referee Mike Carey for "best referee" votes among NFL head coaches with eight.cite news |title=Rating refs touchy subject for NFL coaches |url=http://sports.espn.go.com/nfl/columns/story?columnist=sando_mike&id=3447256 |last=Sando |first=Mike |publisher= ESPN|date= 2008-07-11|accessdate=2008-07-12] Beginning his nineteenth season in the league and seventeenth as referee (crew chief) with the 2008 NFL season, Hochuli's officiating crew consists of Chad Brown, Mark Hittner, Tim Podraza, Mike Weatherford, Tom Sifferman, and Bill Schmitz.cite web |title=National Football League Game Summary: Washington Redskins At New York Giants |url=http://www.nfl.com/liveupdate/gamecenter/29528/NYG_Gamebook.pdf |publisher= National Football League|date= 2008-09-04|accessdate=2008-09-04]
Hochuli was born on December 25, 1950 in
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and lived there until age eight before his family moved to Tucson, Arizona.Citation | last = Bommersbach | first = Jana | title = Zebra Lawyer | magazine = Southwest Super Lawyers 2007 | pages = 10-13 | year = 2007 | date = June 2007] He was the second child born out of a total of six siblings.Citation |last = Jackel |first = Peter |title = ED HOCHULI: ON BALANCE |magazine = Referee |year = 2004 |date= September 2004 |issue=335] During his childhood, he attended and later graduated from Canyon del Oro High Schoolin the Tucson suburbof Oro Valley, Arizonain 1969.cite web| title=2007 AzFOA Hall of Fame Inductees | url=http://www.azfoa.org/HallOfFame/HOF2004/HOF2004All.htm | publisher=Arizona Football Officials Association |accessdate=2007-10-13] cite news | first=Bruce | last=Pascoe | url=http://www.azstarnet.com/sports/141999 | title=Grad of CDO finds fame as NFL referee | publisher=" Arizona Daily Star" | date= 2006-08-14| accessdate=2006-08-24] During his high school years, he had in interest in sports as he participated in football (earning all-state honors twice), basketball, wrestling, and track. He attributes his competitive nature to having an older brother, Chip Hochuli. Ed Hochuli told "Referee" in a 2004 interview, "I was somebody who wanted to be good and I wanted my brother to be proud of me, and I wanted my parents to be proud of me." Following high school, he earned his Bachelor of Artsdegree with honors from UTEP in 1972.cite web | title=Attorney Profile - Edward G. Hochuli | url=http://www.jshfirm.com/custom.cfm?name=c_attorneydetail.cfm&id=7 | publisher=Jones, Skelton & Hochuli, P.L.C. | accessdate=2007-09-10] While at UTEP, Hochuli played linebackeron the school's football team from 1969 to 1972. As a football player, he earned All- Western Athletic Conferenceacademic honors in 1972. His father, Walter Hochuli, was involved with law as a wills and estate planner, which influenced Ed Hochuli to pursue a career in law. He earned his Juris Doctorfrom the University of Arizonain 1976. At the University of Arizona Law School, Hochuli served as a law clerk for two years under United States District JudgeCarl Muecke. Upon completion of his education, Hochuli was admitted to the State Bar of Arizonain the same year, which allowed him to practice lawin the State of Arizona.
Hochuli resides in the
Phoenix metropolitan area. He is currently divorced after his second marriage to Brenda ended in 2004. From his two marriages, he has a total of six children: Scott, Heather, Jennie, Shawn, Aaron, and Rachel. Five of the six children he had with his first wife. Of the six kids, Shawn Hochuli played college footballat Pomona Collegecite news |title=Sagehen Offense Storms Past UPS Loggers 57-43 |url=http://www.tsl.pomona.edu/archives/99/1105/sports/01.html |last=Grudin |first=Nick |publisher=" The Student Life" (Pomona College) |date= 1999-11-05|accessdate=2007-10-18] and is following his father's profession as an official, currently working college football,cite news |title=Football for Aztecs has fallen into ruins |url=http://www.azstarnet.com/sn/hansen/91993.php |last=Hansen |first=Greg |publisher=" Arizona Daily Star" |date= 2005-09-06|accessdate=2007-10-16] Arena Football League,cite web|title=Orlando Predators vs PHILADELPHIA SOUL (Mar 01, 2008) |url=http://www.arenafootball.com/fls/3500/2008Season/Week1/PHI0301.HTM |date= 2008-03-01|publisher= Arena Football League|accessdate=2008-05-19] and arenafootball2 games.citation |title=Arena2 Football League |magazine=Referee |date=June 2007] Scott Hochuli owns Hochuli Construction Team L.L.C., a company that specializes in residential construction in the Phoenix area.cite web |title=About Us |url=http://www.hochuliconstructionteam.com/index_007.htm |publisher=Hochuli Construction Team LLC |accessdate=2007-10-18] Two of Ed Hochuli's brothers are in law. Daniel Hochuli is the city attorney for Sahuarita, Arizona, and Peter Hochuli is a Court Commissioner/Judge Pro Tempore for the Pima County Superior Court, Juvenile Division.
Hochuli is a
trial lawyercite press release |title=One of NFL top ‘zebras’ visits Gold Eagle |publisher= USS Carl Vinson (CVN-70)|date= 2005-01-28|url=http://www.vinson.navy.mil/Press_Releases/2005/JAN_05/28JAN05_CVN%2070.html] and a partner in the Arizona law firm of Jones, Skelton and Hochuli, P.L.C. since it was founded in 1983. The firm started with five partners and seven associates, and has expanded to over eighty attorneys. Hochuli specializes in civil litigation in the areas of Bad Faith and Extra-Contractual Liability, Complex Litigation, Insurance Coverage and Fraud, Legal Malpractice and Professional Liability, Product Liability Defense, Trucking and Transportation Industry Defense, and Wrongful Death and Personal Injury Defense, and claims to be involved in two hundred cases at any time. He is admitted to practice in Arizona state and federal courts and the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. His recognition as an attorney includes being named "Best Lawyers in America" since 2003 and "Southwest Super Lawyers" in 2007. "Super Lawyers" includes only the top five percent of lawyers in a state based on point totals, as chosen by peers and through independent research by "Law & Politics".cite web |title=Super Lawyers Selection Process | url=http://www.superlawyers.com/about/selection_process.html | publisher="Super Lawyers" | accessdate=2008-09-06]
Comparing his law and officiating professions, he says "A trial is nothing, pressure-wise, compared to the NFL. … I have that long (he snaps his fingers) to make a decision with a million people watching and second-guessing (by video) in slow-motion. You've got to be right or wrong. I love the satisfaction when you are right — and the agony when you are wrong." Hochuli finds similarities between the football field and courtroom saying, "On the football field, people like that I'm in charge and know what I'm doing, but a lot of the time, it's just appearance. I'm going to sell you on my decision. It's the same in the courtroom. You don't stand in front of a jury and say, 'I think my client is innocent.' You say, 'We're right!'"
Hochuli began officiating Pop Warner football games as a law student to earn additional income, which was suggested by one of his former high school coaches as "a way to stay in touch with the game". His interest in officiating carried over into
baseball, where he was a Little League Baseballumpire from 1970 to 1973. Progressing to the high school level in 1973, he focused on football, and officiated games in the Tucson area until 1985. In addition to high school officiating, he worked college football games for the Big Sky Conferenceand Pacific-10 Conferenceas a line judge during the 1980s.
Rise to referee
Hochuli was hired by the NFL in 1990 as a back judge after applying to the league before the
1989 NFL season. His first game in the league was on August 11, 1990 at Lambeau Fieldin Green Bay, Wisconsin. During his first two years in the league, he was assigned to the officiating crew headed by referee Howard Roe.Citation| title = Practice, Practice, Practice | journal = NASO LockerRoom | volume = 3 | issue = 4| date = 2002-04-15| url = http://www.naso.org/lockerroom/LockerRoom0402.html] To gain additional experience as a back judge and eventually a referee, Hochuli participated in the NFL's partnership with the World League of American Football(WLAF), a spring developmental league, in 1991 and 1992. Utilizing his experience in the WLAF, as well as the organization, precision, and analytical skills he learned while working under Roe's guidance, Hochuli desired to become a crew chief in the NFL. He was promoted to referee in 1992 when longtime referee Stan Kemp was diagnosed with Lou Gehrig's Diseaseand forced to retire. Hochuli had worked a pre-season game that year in Tokyo, Japanas a back judge when he received a telephone call following the game from then-Senior Director of Officiating, Jerry Seeman. Seeman asked Hochuli to work as referee for the first time when the Denver Broncoshosted the Cincinnati Bengalsin a pre-season game.
Since becoming a referee, Hochuli headed the officiating crews for
Super Bowl XXXIIcite news | title=Hochuli's top-rated crew gets nod | url=http://sports.espn.go.com/nfl/playoffs03/news/story?id=1722442 | publisher= Associated Press| date= 2004-01-29| accessdate=2007-09-10] and Super Bowl XXXVIII,cite news | title=Hochuli to head Super Bowl officiating team | url=http://www.usatoday.com/sports/football/super/2004-01-29-refs_x.htm | publisher=" USA Today" | first=Jarrett | last=Bell | date= 2004-01-29| accessdate=2007-09-10] and he was selected as an alternate for Super Bowl XXXI,cite news |title=Tough test: Belichick calls Favre Elwayesque |url=http://www2.jsonline.com/packer/arc/13097/opp/patn123.html |last=Manoyan |first=Dan |publisher=" Milwaukee Journal Sentinel" |date= 1997-01-23|accessdate=2007-10-17] Super Bowl XXXVII, and Super Bowl XXXIX.cite news |title=E. Smith Retirement May Come as Cowboy |url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A57018-2005Feb2.html |last=Maske |first=Mark |publisher=" The Washington Post" |date= 2005-02-02|accessdate=2007-09-23] In addition to working two Super Bowls, he has officiated five conference championship games as of the start of the 2007 NFL season.cite press release |title=NASO and NFHS Host the Power of Persuasive Officiating Summit |publisher=National Association of Sports Officials |date= 2007-07-27|url=http://www.naso.org/PressReleases/st148.htm |accessdate=2007-09-10 |quote= ] Every officiating game performance is graded by the league each week.cite web |title=Meet: Ed Hochuli, NFL referee |url=http://www.scottsdalecvb.com/story/index.cfm?catid=10&storyid=100 |publisher=Scottsdale Convention & Visitors Bureau |last=Hait |first=Pam |accessdate=2007-11-22] These grades determine which officials are assigned playoff games, as well as the Super Bowl. Hochuli credits his mentor, Jerry Markbreit, a four-time Super Bowl referee, as the greatest influence on his career.Citation |title = Gold Whistle Award 2007 Jerry Markbreit |magazine = Referee |year = 2007 |date= August 2007]
Hochuli has also served as the head of the NFL Referees Association, the union which represents NFL game officials.cite news |title=Refereeing can often be full-time job |url=http://espn.go.com/nfl/columns/clayton_john/1248329.html |last=Clayton |first=John |authorlink=John Clayton (sportscaster) |publisher=
ESPN.com|date= 2001-09-05|accessdate=2007-10-14] The union was responsible for negotiating a new contract for the officials prior to the 2001 NFL season.cite news |title=No news good news for NFL |url=http://espn.go.com/nfl/news/2001/0831/1246562.html |publisher= Associated Press|date= 2001-08-31| accessdate=2007-10-14] At the time, salaries ranged from a first-year official earning US$1,431 a game to a veteran official with twenty years of experience making $4,330 a game.cite news |title=N.F.L. May Lock Out Referees Unless Talks Progress |url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D00EEDE143FF93AA3575BC0A9679C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all |last=Freeman |first=Mike |publisher=" The New York Times" |date= 2001-08-09|accessdate=2007-10-21] Officials were looking for a 400 percent increase in salary while the league was offering just 40 percent.cite news |title=Clayton Q&A: The NFL vs. the refs |url=http://espn.go.com/nfl/columns/clayton_john/1242879.html |publisher= ESPN.com|last=Clayton |first=John |authorlink=John Clayton (sportscaster) |date= 2001-08-24|accessdate=2007-10-14] During the negotiations, Hochuli believed the issue in finding a resolution was to convince the league that officials are full-time employees.
At the start of the season, officials had rejected a league offer of a sixty percent immediate increase in salary, followed by an eighty-five percent salary increase in 2002, and a one-hundred percent increase in 2003.cite web |title=N.F.L. Referees Reject Offer; Replacements to Take the Field |url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9907E7DF1139F934A3575AC0A9679C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all| last=Freeman |first=Steve |publisher="
The New York Times" |date= 2001-09-07|accessdate=2007-10-21] For the first time in league history, replacement officials were used during the regular season. Hochuli had distributed an Associated Press|date= 2001-08-22|accessdate=2007-10-14] He later regretted sending the letter to college football officials across the United States. The stalemate between the union and the league ended on September 19, 2001, when officials agreed to a six-year deal from the league with an immediate increase in salary of 50 percent with a raise each year.cite news |title=NFL officials accept league's 'final' offer |url=http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/chronicle/archive/2001/09/20/SP221449.DTL |publisher=" San Francisco Chronicle" |last=Miller |first=Ira |date= 2001-09-20|accessdate=2007-10-14] Officials had been locked out since the final week of pre-season games that year and returned to work on September 23, 2001 when the league resumed games following the September 11, 2001 attacks.
Hochuli has worked memorable games throughout his career. In his second year as referee, he worked the 1993
ThanksgivingDay game between the Dallas Cowboysand Miami Dolphinsin Irving, Texas. During the final moments of the game, Miami placekicker Pete Stoyanovichhad a field goal attempt blocked. The Cowboys' Leon Lettinadvertently touched the loose ball before the Dolphins' Jeff Dellenbachpounced on it. At the time, Hochuli had "no idea" what happened during the play and had to confer with three other officials to piece together the sequence of events. With the information gathered from the officials, he ruled that Miami retained possession of the football.
On October 2, 2005, he officiated the first regular season NFL game played outside the United States when the
Arizona Cardinalsplayed the San Francisco 49ersin Mexico City, MexicoCitation |title = Señor Hochuli Habla Español |magazine = Referee |year = 2005 |date= December 2005] as part of the league's " Fútbol Americano" marketing campaign. On the first penalty announcement of the game, Hochuli gave the explanation in Spanish to pay respect to the host city and country.
He was the referee for the game between the
Detroit Lionsand Green Bay Packers, played December 17, 2006, that included Green Bay quarterback Brett Favrebecoming the all-time leader for pass completions among quarterbacks in the NFL.cite news |title=Favre sets completions record in victory over Lions |url=http://sports.espn.go.com/nfl/recap?gameId=261217009 |publisher= Associated Press|date= 2006-12-17|accessdate=2007-10-16] Favre was unaware that his 4,968 pass completions were a record until he was informed during the game by Hochuli. Hochuli was the referee again for another Favre record-breaking moment when Favre threw his 421st touchdown pass of his career on September 30, 2007 at the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodomein Minneapolis, Minnesotato break the record previously held by Dan Marino.cite press release | title = Packers-Vikings Press Box Notes | publisher = Green Bay Packers| date = 2007-09-30| url = http://www.packers.com/news/releases/2007/09/30/1/ | accessdate = 2007-10-17] cite news |title=Favre sets record, leads Packers past Vikings |url=http://www.nfl.com/gamecenter/recap?game_id=29249&displayPage=tab_recap&season=2007&week=REG4 |publisher= Associated Press|date= 2007-10-02|accessdate=2007-10-17]
One of Hochuli's notable explanations came during a 2007 regular season game between the
San Diego Chargersand New England Patriots. While nullifying a holding infraction, he announced through his microphone, "There was no foul on the play. It was not a hold. The defender was just overpowered."
On September 14, 2008, Hochuli officiated a game between the
San Diego Chargersand the Denver Broncos, which has become notable for two controversial calls. The first call was a questionable interception made by Champ Bailey, stripping the ball from Chris Chambers. The call on the field was that it was an interception. San Diego coach Norv Turnerchallenged the ruling, but the officials' replay equipment was malfunctioning, and the officials were unable to review the call.cite news|title=Week 2 Grades: Hochuli, Chiefs disappoint; Manning comes through | first=Michael |last = Lombardi | date = 2008-09-15|publisher = Sports Illustrated| url = http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/2008/writers/michael_lombardi/09/15/week2grades/index.html] The second questionable call came with 1:17 left in the game, while Denver was in possession of the ball at the San Diego one yard line, trailing the Chargers by seven points. On a second-down play, Denver quarterback Jay Cutlerfumbled the ball, and it was recovered by San Diego linebacker Tim Dobbins. Ed Hochuli blew his whistle during the play, signaling that the play was dead. Hochuli admitted his mistake and spotted the ball at the point of the fumble, but could not award possession to San Diego. cite news |title=Norv Turner Says That Ed Hochuli's Mistake Is 'Unacceptable', He Is, of Course, Right | date = 2008-09-15| url = http://nfl.fanhouse.com/2008/09/15/norv-turner-says-that-ed-hochulis-mistake-is-unacceptable-he/ ] The NFL intends to review the "inadvertent whistle rule" as a result of this play following the 2008 season. cite news|title=League to look into rule after Chargers-Broncos non-fumble call | first=Peter|last = King| date = 2008-09-15|publisher = ESPN| url = http://sports.espn.go.com/nfl/news/story?id=3589407] Hochuli responded to the situation, writing, "Affecting the outcome of a game is a devastating feeling. Officials strive for perfection – I failed miserably." cite news |title= Rules leave Hochuli helpless to fix mistake |url= http://www.signonsandiego.com/sports/sullivan/20080917-9999-1s17sullivan.html |last= Sullivan |first=Tim |publisher=" The San Diego Union-Tribune" |date= 2008-09-17|accessdate=2008-09-17]
Hochuli's presence on the football field has created a
cultfollowing.cite news | title=For NFL officials, scrutiny begins long before kickoff | url=http://www.usatoday.com/sports/football/nfl/2007-10-09-officials_N.htm | first=Jeff | last=Zillgitt | publisher=" USA Today" | date= 2007-10-10|accessdate=2007-10-14] His rise in popularity is believed to have been started by Phil Simms, a former NFL quarterback and current color commentatorfor the " NFL on CBS", who made reference to the size of Hochuli's arms during a telecast.cite news | title=Hochuli discusses rule changes, cult-like popularity | url=http://www.chicagobears.com/news/NewsStory.asp?STORY_ID=4934 |last=Mayer |first=Larry |publisher= Chicago Bears|date= 2008-07-31|accessdate=2008-08-02] On the Internet, websites that sell Hochuli merchandise as well as blogs with his namesakeexist. While he is aware of his celebrity status, Hochuli does not understand it. He said in a " USA Today" interview, "I get a kick out of the notoriety, because I'm just a referee. I'm not the players. The players are the game. They're what this is all about. I get notoriety because I explain things, and I get notoriety because I have a decent physique, which is funny because I'm a shrimp, a peewee compared to those players. Neither one of those things has anything to do with whether I'm a good referee." His recognition stems to the streets, in airports, and in the courtroom. He has been approached by notable athletes such as former National Basketball Association(NBA) player Charles Barkleyat the airport.cite episode | title = The Double Life of Ed Hochuli | url=http://www.kjzz.org/news/arizona/archives/200401/hochuli | series = National Public Radio | serieslink = National Public Radio | airdate = 2004-01-07] "It never ceases to amaze me," Hochuli told the " Arizona Daily Star". "The number of people that will just come up to me and recognize me." He appreciates the notoriety, saying, "I enjoy the fact that there are people who like me as a referee. I hear from a lot of people and I enjoy that. Like anybody, I like praise. Probably because of my personality, I thrive on that more than other people."
Hochuli's career as an NFL official has been chronicled on the
NFL Network's "Six Days to Sunday" in 2005.cite web |title=Six Days to Sunday with Ed Hochuli |url=http://switchboard.real.com/player/email.html?PV=6.0.12&&title=Six%20Days%20to%20Sunday%20with%20Ed%20Hochuli&link=http%3A%2F%2Fplay.rbn.com%2F%3Furl%3Dnfl%2Fnfl%2Fopen%2Fnflfilms%2Fdemand%2Fs2005%2F6days%2Fw12%2Fsix%5Fdays%5Fto%5Fsunday%5F300k.rm |publisher= NFL Network|format= RealPlayer|date=2005 |accessdate=2007-10-18] The half-hour television programdetailed the game preparations that Hochuli goes through from Monday to Saturday during the season. This preparation work includes fifteen hours of video tape game review, a "couple hours" completing administrative tasks for the NFL, reading the rulebook, taking a weekly written examon rules, and communicating with league supervisors.
Hochuli's celebrity status off the field includes being mentioned on the "Top Ten List" during the January 29, 2002 edition of the "
Late Show with David Letterman".cite web | title=Top Ten Signs You've Been Watching Too Much Football | url=http://www.cbs.com/latenight/lateshow/top_ten/index/php/20020129.phtml | publisher= CBS Broadcasting, Inc.| date= 2002-01-29| accessdate=2007-09-10] His likeness appears in the " Madden NFL" video gamefranchisecite web | title=The State of NFL Videogames | url=http://xbox.ign.com/articles/718/718947p1.html | first=Jonathan | last=Miller | publisher= IGN| date= 2006-07-14| accessdate=2007-09-10] starting with " Madden NFL 06".cite web | title=Madden 360: A Closer Look | url=http://sports.ign.com/articles/661/661869p1.html | first=Jon | last=Robinson | publisher= IGN| date= 2005-10-26| accessdate=2007-09-10]
During his college football playing career, Hochuli labeled himself as "small" and "slow" and attempted to compensate for his stature with physical strength. After college, he focused his efforts on
runningand has completed a total of thirteen marathons, including notable races such as the Chicago Marathonand Los Angeles Marathon.cite news |title=I'm a Runner: Ed Hochuli |url=http://www.runnersworld.com/article/0,7120,s6-243-410--12839-1-1X2-3,00.html |last=Rothbaum |first=Noah |publisher=" Runner's World" |date= 2008-08-28|accessdate=2008-09-03] As an official in the NFL, he gave up on long-distance running because it became too time consuming, but he considers physical exercisepart of the job and spends a "couple hours" a day conditioning his body. His workout routine consists of an hour of cardiovasculartraining (using a stair-climber or treadmill) each day and performing weight trainingfour days a week.
His muscular upper body appearance has been noticed by NFL players.
Philadelphia Eaglesquarterback Donovan McNabbsaid, "You look at [Hochuli] and it looks like he needs to be on our side of the ball, or on defense." Wide receiver Tim Dwightchallenged Hochuli to a "measure off," to determine who had the bigger biceps during a pre-season game prior to the 2006 NFL season. Between plays in a game, Hochuli is known to joke with the defensive linemen, who in turn, joke with him about his physique. When asked by a player to become a member of a particular team, Hochuli replies with, "I'd get hurt in the huddle."
last = Bedard
first = Greg A.
title = Celebrity status puzzles muscular referee Hochuli
The Palm Beach Post
pages = 7B
year = 2005
DATE OF BIRTH=December 25, 1950
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=
PLACE OF DEATH=
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