- Tanis, Egypt
Tanis was founded in the late Twentieth dynasty, and became the northern capital of Egypt during the following Twenty-first dynasty. It was the home city of
Smendes, founder of the 21st dynasty. During the Twenty-second dynasty Tanis remained as Egypt's political capital (though there were sometimes rival dynasties located elsewhere in Upper Egypt). It was an important commercial and strategic city until it was threatened with inundation by Lake Manzalain the 6th centuryAD, when it was finally abandoned. The refugees founded the nearby city of Tennis.
There are ruins of a number of temples, including the chief temple dedicated to
Amun, and a very important royal necropolisof the Third Intermediate Period(which contains the only known intact royal Pharaonic burials - the tomb of Tutankhamunhaving been entered in antiquity). Many of the stones used to build the various temples at Tanis came from the old Ramesside town of Qantir(ancient Pi-Ramesses/Per-Ramesses), which caused many former generations of Egyptologists to believe that Tanis was, in fact, Per-Ramesses. However the burials of three dynasty 21 and dynasty 22 pharaohs-- Psusennes I, Amenemope and Shoshenq II, survived the depradations of tomb robbers throughout antiquity. They were discovered intact in 1939 and 1940 by Pierre Montetand proved to contain a large catalogue of gold, jewellry, lapis lazuli and other precious stones including the funerary masks of these kings.
The chief deities of Tanis were
Amun, his consort, Mut, and their child Khonsu, forming the Tanite triad. This triad was, however, identical to that of Thebes, leading many scholars to speak of Tanis as the "northern Thebes".
In popular culture
In the film "
Raiders of the Lost Ark", Tanis was said to be the resting place of the Ark of the Covenantwhich was hidden in a secret chamber in Tanis. Tanis was inaccurately depicted having been destroyed in a sand storm and buried until 1936 when it was discovered by a German expedition outside of Cairo.
*Association française d’Action artistique. 1987. "Tanis: L’Or des pharaons". (Paris): Ministère des Affaires Étrangères and Association française d’Action artistique.
*Brissaud, Phillipe. 1996. "Tanis: The Golden Cemetery". In "Royal Cities of the Biblical World", edited by Joan Goodnick Westenholz. Jerusalem: Bible Lands Museum. 110–149.
*Kitchen, Kenneth Anderson.  . "The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt (1100–650 BC)". 3rd ed. Warminster: Aris & Phillips Limited.
*Montet, Jean Pierre Marie. 1947. "La nécropole royale de Tanis. Volume 1: Les constructions et le tombeau d’Osorkon II à Tanis". Fouilles de Tanis, ser. ed. Jean Pierre Marie Montet. Paris: .
*———. 1951. "La nécropole royale de Tanis. Volume 2: Les constructions et le tombeau de Psousennès à Tanis". Fouilles de Tanis, ser. ed. Jean Pierre Marie Montet. Paris: .
*———. 1960. "La nécropole royale de Tanis. Volume 3: Les constructions et le tombeau de Chechanq III à Tanis". Fouilles de Tanis, ser. ed. Jean Pierre Marie Montet. Paris.
*Stierlin, Henri, and Christiane Ziegler. 1987. "Tanis: Trésors des Pharaons". (Fribourg): Seuil.
*Yoyotte, Jean. 1999. "The Treasures of Tanis". In "The Treasures of the Egyptian Museum", edited by Francesco Tiradritti. Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press. 302–333.
* [http://www.egyptologyonline.com/tanis.htm Treasures of Tanis]
* [http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/tanis.htm Tanis (San-el-Hagar)]
* [http://www.archaeology.org/0505/abstracts/tanis.html Archaeology Magazine article on Teasures of Tanis]
* [http://www.egyptsites.co.uk/lower/delta/eastern/hagar.html Tanis: San el-Hagar]
* [http://www.lexicorient.com/e.o/tanis.htm Tanis in Encyclopaedia of the Orient]
* [http://www.lexicorient.com/egypt/tanis.htm Travel information for Tanis]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Tanis (Egipto) — Tanis (Τάνις) es el nombre griego de una ciudad que fue la capital del nomo XIX del Bajo Egipto. Se encontraba al Este del delta del Nilo. Nombre egipcio: Dyanet, Per Uadyet. Griego: Tanis. Árabe: San el Haggar. La bíblica Zoán … Wikipedia Español
Egypt — • Provides information on history, religion, and literature Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Egypt Egypt † … Catholic encyclopedia
Tanis — • A titular see, suffragan of Pelusium in Augustamnica Prima, capital of the fourteenth district of Lower Egypt Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Tanis Tanis … Catholic encyclopedia
Tanis — [tā′nis] city in ancient Egypt, in the Nile delta: probable capital of the Hyksos kings … English World dictionary
Tanis — For other uses, see Tanis (disambiguation). Tanis Tanis (Τάνις), the Greek name of ancient Djanet (modern صان الحجر Ṣān al Ḥaǧar), is … Wikipedia
Egypt, ancient — Introduction civilization in northeastern Africa dating from the 3rd millennium BC. Its many achievements, preserved in its art and monuments, hold a fascination that continues to grow as archaeological finds expose its secrets. This article… … Universalium
Tanis — /tay nis/, n. an ancient city in Lower Egypt, in the Nile delta. Biblical, Zoan. * * * biblical Zoan Ancient city, Egypt. Its remains are located in the Nile River delta. Capital of a province of Lower Egypt and, under the 21st and 22nd dynasties … Universalium
Tanis — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tanis (homonymie). Tanis Ville d Égypte antique Noms en égyptien ancien Djanet … Wikipédia en Français
Egypt — The land of the Nile and the pyramids, the oldest kingdom of which we have any record, holds a place of great significance in Scripture. The Egyptians belonged to the white race, and their original home is still a matter of dispute. Many… … Easton's Bible Dictionary
Tanis — Djanet in Hieroglyphen … Deutsch Wikipedia