- Parliamentary authority
__NOTOC__A Parliamentary authority is a manual on parliamentary law, containing
rules of orderfor the transaction of business in deliberative assemblies. [cite book |title=Dictionary of Parliamentary Procedure |first=William R. |last=Gondin |year=1969 |publisher=Littlefield, Adams |location=Totowa, NJ| pages=pp. 88,90] The society generally adopts such a book to cover meeting procedure not covered in the society's adopted procedural rules. [cite parl |title=RONR |pages=15, 561-2 (RONR)] [cite parl |title=TSC |pages=5] [cite parl |title=MAS |pages=28-9]
The most commonly used parliamentary authority in the United States is
Robert's Rules of Order(correct title: "Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised", tenth edition, and abbreviated as "RONR") followed by " The Standard Code of Parliamentary Procedure" (abbreviated as "TSC" and "Sturgis," after the original author). A poll by Jim Slaughter surveyed CPPs in 1999, with the results published the results in the PJ in 2000; one question yielding what percent of clients used each PA: 90% RONR, 8% TSC, 3% other (Demeter, Riddick/Butcher, Bourinot, Davis). " Bourinot's Rules of Order" is used in Canada. [ [http://www.parliamentarian-chris-dickey.com/parliamentaryprocedureresources.html Chris Dickey, Parliamentarian, Parliamentary Procedure Consultant ] ]
Rules in a parliamentary authority can be superseded by the group's constitution, bylaws or by adopted procedural rules (with a few exceptions). In "RONR" the adopted procedural rules are called
special rules of order.
Assemblies that do not adopt a parliamentary authority may use an existing parliamentary authority by custom, or may consider themselves governed by the "common parliamentary law [cite parl |title=ronr |pages=15] ," or "common law of parliamentary procedure [cite parl |title=mas |pages=30] ". RONR notes that a society that has adopted bylaws that do not designate a parliamentary authority may adopt one by the same vote required to adopt
special rules of order. A mass meetingcan adopt a parliamentary authority by a simple majority vote. RONR notes that "in matters on which an organization's adopted parliamentary authority is silent, provisions found in other works on parliamentary law may be "persuasive" – that is, they may carry weight in the absence of overriding reasons for following a different course – but they are not binding on the body." [cite parl |title=ronr| pages=15-16]
Comparing parliamentary authorities
*"Comparisons of Parliamentary Authority" [cite book |title=Comparisons of Parliamentary Authority"|last=AIP |year=2003 |publisher=AIP Education Department |location=Wilmington, DE] , a self-study quiz book keyed to "RONR (10th)", "TSC (4th)", "Demeter's Manual (Blue book ed.) " and "
Riddick's Rules of Procedure".
*"Parliamentary Parallels" compares seven Parliamentary Authorities [cite book |title=Parliamentary Parallels : a comparison of the similarities and differences of major parliamentary authorities |last=NAP |year=1997 |publisher=National Association of Parliamentarians |location=Independence, MO|isbn=1-884048-23-4] ; however, it uses RONR (9th ed.) and TSC (3rd ed.) in the comparison.
* [http://www.robertsrules.com/ The Official Robert's Rules site]
* [http://www.ncsl.org/programs/legismgt/aBOUT/masons.htm The Advantages of Mason's Manual for Legislative Bodies]
* [http://www.gpoaccess.gov/hrm/browse_109.html Full text of U.S. Constitution, Jefferson's Manual, and Rules of the House of Representatives]
* [http://www.policygovernanceassociation.org/conference_06/Doc-links/Pat_Knoll_Paper.rtf Searching for Procedural Rules for Decision Making in Policy Governance]
Bibliography of Parliamentary Procedure
Mason's Manual of Legislative Procedure
Riddick's Rules of Procedure
Robert's Rules of Order
The Standard Code of Parliamentary Procedure
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