- Youth Aliyah
Aliyah(Hebrew: Aliyat Hano'ar) is a Jewish organization that rescued 22,000 Jewish children from the Nazis during the Third Reich, arranging for their resettlement in Palestinein kibbutzimand youth villages that became both home and school. Recha Freier, a rabbi's wife, founded the organization in 1933. The idea was supported by the World Zionist Organization. Recha Freier supervised the organization's activities in Germany, and Henrietta Szoldin Jerusalem.
Henrietta Szold was originally skeptical of Freier's proposal that German youngsters be sent to pioneer training programs in Palestine after completing elementary school. She believed that Germany offered better educational opportunities for Jewish children. However, Hitler's rise to power and the enactment of the
Nuremberg Lawsconvinced her otherwise. On March 31, 1936, even German elementary schools were closed to Jewish children. [ "Rescue Jewish Youth! A Message from Henrietta Szold, January 1936," The Jewish Agency-Youth Aliyah Bulletin, January 1987]
After a brief period of training in Germany, Youth Aliyah youngsters were placed on kibbutzim for two years to learn farming and Hebrew. Kibbutz
Ein Harodin the Jezreel Valley was one of the first cooperative settlements to host such groups. [ "Rescue Jewish Youth! A Message from Henrietta Szold, January 1936," The Jewish Agency-Youth Aliyah Bulletin, January 1987]
Just before the outbreak of
World War II, when immigration certificates to Palestine became difficult to obtain, Youth Aliyah activists in London came up with an interim solution whereby groups of young people would receive pioneer training in countries outside the Third Reichuntil they could immigrate to Palestine. Great Britain agreed to take in 10,000 endangered children, some from Youth Aliyah groups. [ "Last Train to London," Eva Michaelis-Stern, The Jewish Agency-Youth Aliyah Bulletin, January 1987]
Holocaustand World War II, emissaries were sent to Europe to locate children survivors in Displaced Persons Camps. Children's homes in eastern Europe were moved to Western Europe, fearing that evacuation from Communist countries might be difficult later on. A Youth Aliyah office was opened in Paris. ["40 Years of Friendship," Moshe Kol, The Jewish Agency - Youth Aliyah Bulletin," January 1987]
Directors of Youth Aliyah after the establishment of the State of Israel include Meir Gottesman (1978-1984), Uri Gordon and Eli Amir.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
YOUTH ALIYAH — (Heb. עֲלִיַּת יְלָדִים וָנֹעַר, Aliyyat Yeladim va No ar; Children and Youth Aliyah ), a branch of the Zionist movement founded for the purpose of rescuing Jewish children and young people from hardship, persecution, or deprivation and giving… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Youth Aliyah — project promoting the immigration of Jewish young people to Israel … English contemporary dictionary
ALIYAH AND ABSORPTION — GENERAL SURVEY Introduction Aliyah, ascension or going up, is the coming of Jews as individuals or in groups, from exile or diaspora to live in the Land of Israel. Those who go up for this purpose are known as olim – a term used in the Bible for… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Youth village — A youth village ( he. כפר נוער, Kfar No ar ) is a boarding school model first developed in pre state Israel in the 1930s to care for groups of children and teenagers fleeing the Nazis. Henrietta Szold and Recha Freier were the pioneers in this… … Wikipedia
Aliyah from Ethiopia — The Jewish aliyah from Ethiopia began during the mid 1970s, during which the majority of the Jewish Ethiopians immigrated to Israel. The eligibility of the Jewish Ethiopians to immigrate to Israel In 1973 the Israeli Ministry of Absorption… … Wikipedia
Zionist youth movement — A Zionist youth movement is an organization formed for Jewish children and adolescents for educational, social, and ideological development, including a belief in Jewish nationalism as represented in the State of Israel. Youth leaders in modern… … Wikipedia
Gordonia (youth movement) — Gordonia (Hebrew: גורדוניה) was a Zionist youth movement. The movement s doctrines were based on the beliefs of Aaron David Gordon, i.e. the salvation of Eretz Yisrael and the Jewish People through manual labor and the revival of the Hebrew… … Wikipedia
Education and Youth Corps — The Israeli Education and Youth Corps ( he. חיל החינוך והנוער, Heil HaHinuh VeHaNo ar ) is the IDF Manpower Directorate corps responsible for the education of soldiers and commanders in Israel s military. It is designed to instruct and develop… … Wikipedia
ZIONISM — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the word and its meaning forerunners ḤIBBAT ZION ROOTS OF ḤIBBAT ZION background to the emergence of the movement the beginnings of the movement PINSKER S AUTOEMANCIPATION settlement… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ECONOMIC AFFAIRS — THE PRE MANDATE (LATE OTTOMAN) PERIOD Geography and Borders In September 1923 a new political entity was formally recognized by the international community. Palestine, or Ereẓ Israel as Jews have continued to refer to it for 2,000 years,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism